School of Future Environments - Huri te Ao
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AUT is home to a number of renowned research institutes in architecture and creative technologies. The School of Future Environments - Huri te Ao strong industry partnerships and the unique combination of architecture and creative technologies within one school stimulates interdisciplinary research beyond traditional boundaries.
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- ItemApplications of Building Information Modelling in the Early Design Stage of High-Rise Buildings(Elsevier BV, 2023-05-11) Omrany, H; Ghaffarianhoseini, A; Chang, R; Ghaffarianhoseini, A; Pour Rahimian, FHigh-rise buildings consume more energy and have greater environmental impacts, emphasising the need to adopt best practices during the design stage concerning BIM employment. However, despite strong support from the literature, little is known about the applications of BIM in high-rise buildings at the early design stage. Therefore, this paper aims to provide a holistic understanding of the current applications of BIM in high-rise buildings by analysing 60 studies. The findings identified seven research themes, including studies that used BIM for i) optimising building energy efficiency design; ii) collaborative design and planning; iii) life-cycle assessment; iv) designing net-zero energy buildings; v) integrating BIM with smart technologies for designing high-rise buildings; vi) cost analysis, and vii) structural design of high-rise buildings. Furthermore, this study highlights a number of challenges hindering the widespread application of BIM, alongside providing potential directions for the future development of BIM employment in high-rise buildings.
- ItemCognitive Biases That Influence Lean Implementation and Practices in a Multicultural Environment(Emerald, 2023-04-25) Purushothaman, Mahesh Babu; Seadon, Jeff; Moore, DavePurpose The purpose of this paper is to highlight the prominent cognitive biases that influence Lean practices in organisations that have a multi-cultural work environment which will aid the organisational managers and academics in enhancing the understanding of the human thought process and mitigate them suitably. Design/methodology/approach A multiple case study was conducted in organisations that were previously committed to Lean practices and had a multi-cultural work environment. This research was conducted on five companies based on 99 in-depth semi-structured interviews and seven process observations that sought to establish the system-wide cognitive biases present in a multi-cultural Lean environment. Findings The novel findings indicate that nine new biases influence Lean implementation and practices in a multi-cultural environment. This study also found strong connectivity between Lean practices and 45 previously identified biases that could affect positively or negatively the lean methodologies and their implementation. Biases were resilient enough that their influence on Lean in multi-cultural workplaces, even with transient populations, did not demonstrate cultural differentiation. Research limitations/implications Like any qualitative research, constructivism and narrative analyses are subjected to understanding based on knowledge gained on the subject, and data may have been interpreted differently. Constructivist co-recreation of process scenarios based result limitations is therefore acknowledged. The interactive participation in exploring the knowledge sought after and interaction that could have a probable influence on the participant need to be acknowledged. However, the research design, multiple methods of data collection, generalisation based on data collection and analysis methods limit the effects of these and findings are reliable to a greater extent. Practical implications The results can provide an enhanced understanding of biases and insights into a new managerial approach to take remedial steps on biases’ influence on Lean practices that can result in improved productivity and well-being from a business process perspective. Understanding and mitigating the prominent biases can aid Lean manufacturing processes and support decision makers and line managers in improving lean methodologies’ effectiveness and productivity. The biases can be negated and used to implement decisions with ease. The influence of biases and the model could be used as a basis to counter implementation barriers. Originality/value To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that connects the cognitive perspectives of Lean business processes in a multi-cultural environment to identify the cognitive biases that influence Lean practices in organisations that were previously committed to Lean practices. The novel findings indicate that nine new biases and 45 previously identified biases influence Lean implementation and practices in a multi-cultural environment. The second novelty of this study shows the connection between cognitive biases, Lean implementation and practices in multi-cultural business processes.
- ItemSpecial Issue on Geotechnical Engineering Hazards(MDPI, Basel, Switzerland, 2023-04-14) Kalatehjari, RooGeotechnical engineering is a complex field that deals with various hazards that can impact soil, rock, and other geologic materials. In this regard, safe design and practice in geotechnical engineering require engineers to identify indicators of geotechnical hazards and minimize consequences in the decision-making, investigation, design, and construction phases. A geotechnical engineer can properly identify the hazards and understand the risks associated with a project and provide safe, cost-effective, and sustainable design solutions to address the risks. This special issue on Geotechnical Engineering Hazards features 16 papers that delve into different geotechnical hazards and their impact on the stability of both natural and human-made structures. These papers provide valuable insights into the behavior of geotechnical systems and propose new methods and models for analyzing and predicting geotechnical hazards.
- ItemDecarbonisation of the Urban Built Environment Through Vegetation-Based Carbon Sequestration(IOP Publishing, 2022-12-07) Varshney, K; Pedersen Zari, Maibritt; Bakshi, NThe impacts of climate change require a strategic improvement in design decision-making. Leading professionals are aiming for carbon-positive buildings that can achieve carbon sequestration by adding vegetation to buildings. Multiple references and case studies explored in this paper suggest that there is theoretical potential for cities to become carbon sinks by constructing carbon-positive buildings. However, determining effective strategies, and quantifying and monitoring carbon sequestration in buildings, requires a standardised approach so that this carbon sequestration potential can be measurably established. This paper provides two key outputs: firstly, the paper identifies strategies that could shift buildings towards being capable of active carbon sequestration. Secondly, the paper provides a methodological framework with four key considerations that building professionals can use to design for carbon sequestration. These are: understanding the site's ecological, climatic, cultural and legal context; identifying response, pressure, state and benefits indicators to set carbon sequestration targets; considering site ecosystem functioning and carbon dynamics to strategise carbon sequestration through design; and preparing long-term monitoring, evaluation and management plans. This paper identifies two areas for further investigation: linking manual quantification methods with computer-aided methods; and utilising biomass data and growth models at the landscape, regional, and global levels for carbon sequestration assessment.
- ItemRegenerative-Based Green Supply Chain Management Model for the Construction Industry(IOP Publishing, 2022-01-01) Oyefusi, ON; Enegbuma, WI; Brown, A; Zari, MPGreen Supply Chain Management (GSCM) is considered to be the most effective management tool that aims to integrate environmental sustainability thinking into the built environment. This is in relation to its ability to substantially reduce greenhouse emissions, energy consumption, pollution, and other drivers of negative environmental change in the built environment. Despite the implementation of GSCM practices, climate change continues to occur with a steady rise in greenhouse gas emissions per year that are associated with the built environment. Hence, there is a need for a proactive regenerative approach that focuses not only on reducing negative environmental footprints but also aims to create net positive impacts on the environment. This study aims to address this issue by first identifying the dominant forms of construction GSCM practices and their performance limitations through a Systematic Literature Review (SLR). The result revealed that regenerative factors were lacking in current GSCM practices. To further explore the nature of expanding current GSCM practices, a regenerative-based GSCM model was developed that demonstrates the relationship between regenerative and GSCM practices. This research addresses the gaps in current GSCM practices which could serve as a strategic response to climate change in terms of both mitigation and adaptation responses.