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- ItemCentring Localised Indigenous Concepts of Wellbeing in Urban Nature-Based Solutions for Climate Change Adaptation: Case-Studies from Aotearoa New Zealand and the Cook Islands(Frontiers Media SA, 2024-02-02) Mihaere, Shannon; Holman-Wharehoka, Māia-te-oho; Mataroa, Jovaan; Kiddle, Gabriel Luke; Pedersen Zari, Maibritt; Blaschke, Paul; Bloomfield, SibylNature-based solutions (NbS) offer significant potential for climate change adaptation and resilience. NbS strengthen biodiversity and ecosystems, and premise approaches that centre human wellbeing. But understandings and models of wellbeing differ and continue to evolve. This paper reviews wellbeing models and thinking from Aotearoa New Zealand, with focus on Te Ao Māori (the Māori world and worldview) as well as other Indigenous models of wellbeing from wider Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Oceania. We highlight how holistic understandings of human-ecology-climate connections are fundamental for the wellbeing of Indigenous peoples of Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa Oceania and that they should underpin NbS approaches in the region. We profile case study experience from Aotearoa New Zealand and the Cook Islands emerging out of the Nature-based Urban design for Wellbeing and Adaptation in Oceania (NUWAO) research project, that aims to develop nature-based urban design solutions, rooted in Indigenous knowledges that support climate change adaptation and wellbeing. We show that there is great potential for nature-based urban adaptation agendas to be more effective if linked closely to Indigenous ecological knowledge and understandings of wellbeing.
- ItemCo-designing Collective Housing for a Regenerative Future: Lessons from Indigenous Communities in Aotearoa New Zealand and South America(School of Art and Design, Auckland University of Technology, 2023-12-21) Besen, PriscilaSince moving to Aotearoa New Zealand, I have been attempting to learn about Mātauranga Māori and understand how we can embed values from local cultures and traditional knowledges into the design of our future built environments. These learnings help me rethink architectural design and pedagogy not only here, but also in my home country, Brazil, and the wider South American context. In the global context of climate and ecological crises, Indigenous knowledge can help us learn to live lives with a closer connection to the natural environment, to be mindful of the use of natural resources and to be more collective-oriented. Indigenous perspectives are important in our transition to a regenerative future, where we aim to go beyond sustainability to create positive impacts for ecology, health and society. In this context, I have been working with a team of researchers from Auckland University of Technology and Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile, on a project investigating co-design practices to develop better housing models with Indigenous communities. Indigenous concepts of ‘home’ are multidimensional and often extend beyond the physical and social environments where people live. Although there are diverse cultures across the world, fundamental ideals of ‘home’ are shared amongst many Indigenous communities, such as relationships that connect a person to all that surrounds them, connections to other people, living beings, land, ancestors, stories, languages, and traditions. Most housing options in colonised countries have tended to promote values of individualisation, private property rights and nuclear family units; public housing policies and architectural designs have often been imposed on indigenous communities based on non-indigenous ideals of good housing. However, more recently, these original values and collective forms of living have been re-emerging across the globe, with many successful examples of new collective housing co-designed with Indigenous communities. This presentation will share findings from this research carried out in Aotearoa New Zealand and South America, which investigates contemporary housing solutions co-designed with Indigenous communities. Case studies from different countries are explored, and interviews with architects reveal key lessons learned in participatory practices with residents. The findings show differences and similarities across the Pacific, highlighting key valuable shared principles that can be applied to all forms of housing for a regenerative future, such as multigenerational relationships, connection to the natural environment, shared spaces and resources and initiatives to create a real sense of community. The lessons learned about co-design processes can be valuable for designers working with collective housing in the Global South and other areas across the globe.
- ItemExperimental Investigation of Deficient RC Frames Retrofitted by RSFJ-Toggle Bracing Systems(Elsevier BV, 2023-12-01) Veismoradi, Sajad; Yousef-beik, Seyed Mohamad Mahdi; Zarnani, Pouyan; Quenneville, PierreThis paper investigates the performance of the new retrofitting system, consisting of self-centreing damper resilient slip friction joint (RSFJ)-toggle bracing system. The RSFJ-toggle bracing system can be activated within small drift values of the frame and preserve the frame from excessive damage. Two scaled deficient RC frames representing typical pre-1970s RC moment resisting frames were constructed and tested to investigate the performance of such retrofitting system. Material testing of the concrete and steel rebars as well as the damper component testing were conducted and recommendations regarding the proper design of various aspects of this retrofitting system were provided. The experimental observations demonstrate the improved behaviour of the frame in terms of energy dissipation and enhanced stiffness and strength for the upgraded RC frame. As per the findings of this study, the proposed retrofit solution can strengthen the frames within a limited drift and improve the frame’s damping with a repeatable semi-flag shape hysteresis performance.
- ItemComputer Graphics and Extended Reality Courses for the Programmophobic(ACM, 2023-12-06) Marks, Stefan; Gil Parga, SebastiánThis paper describes the challenges and solutions to teaching computer graphics as well as extended reality concepts to students from a variety of backgrounds in the context of the School of Future Environments at the Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. Examples are provided for the content and assessment strategies for two courses, as well as a summary of student work and feedback collected over the last three years.
- ItemMākū, te hā o Haupapa: Moisture, the Breath of Haupapa(ACM, 2023-12-07) Marks, Stefan; Randerson, Janine; Shearer, Rachel; Bull, Ron; Purdie, HeatherThe cracking and melting Haupapa glacier and lake, Aotearoa New Zealand's fastest growing body of water, are presented in a live cast of mākū, life-giving moisture. Tiny bubbles of ancient breath and atmosphere are pressed inside Haupapa's ancient glacial ice - including sea breezes, pollens, carbon dioxide and methane, as well as the ash of Australian fires. Single words and names of the elemental ancestors in Māori elder Ron Bull's voice, recorded live on the lake Haupapa, are woven through the sound and images to gift and acknowledge Kāi Tahu matauraka (knowledge) in a weather-responsive audio-visual installation. The project bridges meteorology, indigenous cosmologies, and science to create an active and unruly response to this rapidly changing icescape. The artists relinquish the ordering and qualities of sound and video to the weather conditions of Aoraki, recorded by NIWA instruments (New Zealand Institute for Water and Atmosphere) in place near the Haupapa glacier, then turned to digital information which feeds live into the installation, subtly altering the brightness, direction, and movement of the images and sounds according to the real-time weather conditions, and wind direction. Depending on the weather, the image changes and the sound and vocal sequence is endlessly variable. On days of high solar radiation, bright, clear ice and sun predominate and also move the images on screen accordingly, on cloudy days, the image darkens. La Niña conditions for the past three years have brought sunny settled weather to this region in the central South Island and melting has accelerated, indicating the changing climate. This installation expresses what it feels like to be inside that ice and water, responsive to heat, rain and bright sunlight.