Using OPLS-DA to Fingerprint Key Free Amino and Fatty Acids in Understanding the Influence of High Pressure Processing in New Zealand Clams

How, Muhammad Syahmeer
Hamid, Nazimah
Liu, Ye
Kantono, Kevin
Oey, Indrawati
Wang, Mingfei
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Journal Article
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This study investigated the effect of high pressure processing (HPP) on the fatty acids and amino acids content in New Zealand Diamond Shell (Spisula aequilatera), Storm Shell (Mactra murchisoni), and Tua Tua (Paphies donacina) clams. The clam samples were subjected to HPP with varying levels of pressure (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, and 600 MPa) and holding times (5 and 600 s) at 20 °C. Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Orthogonal Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA) were deployed to fingerprint the discriminating amino and fatty acids post-HPP processing while considering their inherent biological variation. Aspartic acid (ASP), isoleucine (ILE), leucine (LEU), lysine (LYS), methionine (MET), serine (SER), threonine (THR), and valine (VAL) were identified as discriminating amino acids, while C18:0, C22:1n9, C24:0, and C25:5n3 were identified as discriminating fatty acids. These amino and fatty acids were then subjected to mixed model ANOVA. Mixed model ANOVA was employed to investigate the influence of HPP pressure and holding times on amino acids and fatty acids in New Zealand clams. A significant effect of pressure levels was reported for all three clam species for both amino and fatty acids composition. Additionally, holding time was a significant factor that mainly influenced amino acid content. butnot fatty acids, suggesting that hydrostatic pressure hardly causes hydrolysis of triglycerides. This study demonstrates the applicability of OPLS-DA in identifying the key discriminating chemical components prior to traditional ANOVA analysis. Results from this research indicate that lower pressure and shorter holding time (100 MPa and 5 s) resulted in the least changes in amino and fatty acids content of clams.

30 Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences , 3006 Food Sciences , 0908 Food Sciences , 3006 Food sciences , 3106 Industrial biotechnology
Foods, ISSN: 2304-8158 (Print); 2304-8158 (Online), MDPI AG, 12(6), 1162-1162. doi: 10.3390/foods12061162
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