Investigation of Social and Cognitive Predictors in Non-transition Ultra-high-risk' Individuals for Psychosis Using Spiking Neural Networks

Doborjeh, Zohreh
Doborjeh, Maryam
Sumich, Alexander
Singh, Balkaran
Merkin, Alexander
Budhraja, Sugam
Goh, Wilson
Lai, Edmund M-K
Williams, Margaret
Tan, Samuel
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Journal Article
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Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Finding predictors of social and cognitive impairment in non-transition Ultra-High-Risk individuals (UHR) is critical in prognosis and planning of potential personalised intervention strategies. Social and cognitive functioning observed in youth at UHR for psychosis may be protective against transition to clinically relevant illness. The current study used a computational method known as Spiking Neural Network (SNN) to identify the cognitive and social predictors of transitioning outcome. Participants (90 UHR, 81 Healthy Control (HC)) completed batteries of neuropsychological tests in the domains of verbal memory, working memory, processing speed, attention, executive function along with social skills-based performance at baseline and 4 × 6-month follow-up intervals. The UHR status was recorded as Remitters, Converters or Maintained. SNN were used to model interactions between variables across groups over time and classify UHR status. The performance of SNN was examined relative to other machine learning methods. Higher interaction between social and cognitive variables was seen for the Maintained, than Remitter subgroup. Findings identified the most important cognitive and social variables (particularly verbal memory, processing speed, attention, affect and interpersonal social functioning) that showed discriminative patterns in the SNN models of HC vs UHR subgroups, with accuracies up to 80%; outperforming other machine learning models (56-64% based on 18 months data). This finding is indicative of a promising direction for early detection of social and cognitive impairment in UHR individuals that may not anticipate transition to psychosis and implicate early initiated interventions to stem the impact of clinical symptoms of psychosis.

Prevention , Pediatric , Neurosciences , Behavioral and Social Science , Clinical Research , Brain Disorders , Basic Behavioral and Social Science , Mental Health , Mental health
Schizophrenia (Heidelb), ISSN: 2754-6993 (Print); 2754-6993 (Online), Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 9(1), 10-. doi: 10.1038/s41537-023-00335-2
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