Skating into the Unknown: Scoping the Physical, Technical, and Tactical Demands of Competitive Skateboarding

aut.relation.journalSports Medicine
dc.contributor.authorCross, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorDiewald, Shelley
dc.contributor.authorCronin, John
dc.contributor.authorNeville, Jono
dc.contributor.authorRead, David
dc.description.abstractBackground The inclusion of skateboarding in the Olympics suggests that athletes and coaches are seeking ways to enhance their chances of succeeding on the world stage. Understanding what constitutes performance, and what physical, neuromuscular, and biomechanical capacities underlie it, is likely critical to success. Objective The aim was to overview the current literature and identify knowledge gaps related to competitive skateboarding performance and associated physical, technical, and tactical demands of Olympic skateboarding disciplines. Methods A systematic scoping review was performed considering the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (Extension for Scoping Reviews) guidelines. Data sources were MEDLINE (Ovid), Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and PubMed. We included all peer-reviewed literature after 1970 describing the physiological, neuromuscular, biomechanical, and/or tactical aspects of skateboarding. Results Nineteen original articles explored the physiological (n = 9), biomechanical (n = 8), and technical (n = 10) demands of skateboarding. No research explored the tactical demands of competition. Moreover, although competitive males (n = 2 studies) and females (n = 1 study) were recruited as participants, no research directly related skateboarding demands to performance success in competitive environments. Conclusions Ultimately, what constitutes and distinguishes competitive skateboarding is unexplored. There is some evidence indicating aspects of the sport require flexibility and elevated and fast force output of the lower limbs, which may be valuable when attempting to maximise ollie height. Nonetheless, a lack of ecological validity, such as using static ollie tests as opposed to rolling, restricted our ability to provide practical recommendations, and inconsistency of terminology complicated delineating discipline-specific outcomes. Future researchers should first look to objectively identify what skaters do in competition before assessing what qualities enable their performance.
dc.identifier.citationSports Medicine, ISSN: 0112-1642 (Print); 1179-2035 (Online), Springer. doi: 10.1007/s40279-024-02032-1
dc.rightsOpen Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
dc.subject0913 Mechanical Engineering
dc.subject1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
dc.subject1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy
dc.subjectSport Sciences
dc.subject4201 Allied health and rehabilitation science
dc.subject4207 Sports science and exercise
dc.titleSkating into the Unknown: Scoping the Physical, Technical, and Tactical Demands of Competitive Skateboarding
dc.typeJournal Article
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