Rural Versus Metropolitan Comparison of Processes of Care in the Community‐based Management of TIA and Minor Stroke in Australia (an Analysis from the INSIST Study)

Gangadharan, S
Tomari, S
Levi, CR
Weaver, N
Holliday, E
Bajorek, B
Lasserson, D
Valderas, JM
Dewey, HM
Barber, PA
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Objectives To compare processes of care and clinical outcomes of community-based management of TIAs and minor strokes (TIAMS) between rural and metropolitan Australia.

Design Inception cohort study between 2012 and 2016 with 12-month follow-up after index event (sub-study of INSIST).

Setting Hunter and Manning valley regions of New South Wales, within the referral territory of the John Hunter Hospital Acute Neurovascular Clinic (JHHANC).

Participants Consecutive patients of 16 participating general practices, presenting with possible TIAMS to either primary or secondary care.

Main Outcome Measures Processes of care (referrals, key management processes, time-based metrics) and clinical outcomes.

Results Of 613 participants with possible TIAMS who completed the baseline interview, 298 were adjudicated as having TIAMS (119 from rural, 179 from metropolitan). Mean age was 72.3 years (SD, 10.7) and 127 (43%) were women. Rural participants were more likely to be managed solely by a general practitioner (GP) than metropolitan participants (34% v 20%) and less likely to be referred to a JHHANC specialist (13% v 38%) or have brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) [24% v 51%]. Those rural participants who were referred, also waited longer (both p < 0.001). Recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction and death at 12 months were not significantly different between rural and metropolitan participants.

Conclusions Although TIAMS prognosis in rural settings where solely GP care is common is very good, the processes of care in such areas are inferior to metropolitan. This suggests there is further scope to support rural GPs to optimise care of TIAMS patients.

Community stroke care; General practitioner; Health patient-reported outcomes; Stroke-mimic
Australian Journal of Rural Health, DOI:
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© 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.