Carbohydrate, but Not Fat, Oxidation is Reduced During Moderate-Intensity Exercise Performed in 33 vs. 18 °C at Matched Heart Rates

Charoensap, Thanchanok
Kilding, Andrew E
Maunder, Ed
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Journal Article
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PURPOSE: Exposure to environmental heat stress increases carbohydrate oxidation and extracellular heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) concentrations during endurance exercise at matched absolute, external work rates. However, a reduction in absolute work rate typically occurs when unacclimated endurance athletes train and/or compete in hot environments. We sought to determine the effect of environmental heat stress on carbohydrate oxidation rates and plasma HSP70 expression during exercise at matched heart rates (HR).

METHODS: Ten endurance-trained, male cyclists performed two experimental trials in an acute, randomised, counterbalanced cross-over design. Each trial involved a 90-min bout of cycling exercise at 95% of the HR associated with the first ventilatory threshold in either 18 (TEMP) or 33 °C (HEAT), with ~ 60% relative humidity.

RESULTS: Mean power output (17 ± 11%, P < 0.001) and whole-body energy expenditure (14 ± 8%, P < 0.001) were significantly lower in HEAT. Whole-body carbohydrate oxidation rates were significantly lower in HEAT (19 ± 11%, P = 0.002), while fat oxidation rates were not different between-trials. The heat stress-induced reduction in carbohydrate oxidation was associated with the observed reduction in power output (r = 0.64, 95% CI, 0.01, 0.91, P = 0.05) and augmented sweat rates (r = 0.85, 95% CI, 0.49, 0.96, P = 0.002). Plasma HSP70 and adrenaline concentrations were not increased with exercise in either environment.

CONCLUSION: These data contribute to our understanding of how moderate environmental heat stress is likely to influence substrate oxidation and plasma HSP70 expression in an ecologically-valid model of endurance exercise.

Cycling , Heat , Intensity , Substrate metabolism , Cycling , Heat , Intensity , Substrate metabolism , 42 Health Sciences , 4207 Sports Science and Exercise , Cardiovascular , Prevention , Heart Disease , Cardiovascular , 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences , Sport Sciences , 3202 Clinical sciences , 3208 Medical physiology , 4207 Sports science and exercise
European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN: 1439-6319 (Print); 1439-6327 (Online), Springer, 123(9), 2073-2085. doi: 10.1007/s00421-023-05225-0
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