Investigation of Acoustic Waves Behavior of an Underground Tunnel in a Multilayer Soil
Roohezamin, A; Kalatehjari, R; Hajihassani, M; Kharghani, M; Dias, D
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Understanding the acoustic behavior of buried tunnels is valuable for locating them and monitoring their structure health. This research focuses on the acoustic behavior of buried tunnels in multilayer soil structures. The reflected and transmitted acoustic wave pressure variations are investigated exclusively for a multilayer soil buried tunnel. The tunnel system's 3D finite element model is presented,which contains the tunnel lining, surrounding soil, and the air inside the tunnel and at the ground surface. A free air explosion is used as the acoustic wave source. The reflected and transmitted waves' pressure values are measured to evaluate the effects of mechanical characteristics of soil layers, tunnel buried depths, and lining concrete types on the acoustic wave behavior of the tunnel. In addition, a utility line is introduced to the system in different positions related to the main tunnel to investigate its effect on the main tunnel’s acoustic wave behavior. The results indicate that in a multilayer soil structure, the relative position of the soil layers and the tunnel(whether the main tunnel or the utility line) significantly impacts the acoustic pressure value, particularly the transmitted wave pressure. When changing the tunnel buried depth and the lining concrete type, multiple pressure peaks are observed in reflected acoustic wave pressure–time history exclusive to a tunnel surrounded by a multilayer soil structure. The findings can be used to precisely interpret the recorded signals for structural health monitoring and locating underground structures, especially in a media with multilayer soil structures.