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dc.contributor.authorDiewald, SNen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHume, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWilson, BDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWooler, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMerrett, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFong, DTPen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorReay, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Ven_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-20T03:12:58Z
dc.date.available2019-08-20T03:12:58Z
dc.date.copyright2019en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationDiewald S.N., Hume P.A., Wilson B.D., Wooler A., Merrett R., Fong D.T.P., Reay, S., Smith, V. Surf lifesaving injuries in New Zealand between 2009 to 2018 derived from the Surf Life Saving New Zealand Injury reporting database: Technical Report #2 to Surf Life Saving New Zealand (SLSNZ). SPRINZ, Auckland University of Technology, 16th June 2019. 20 pages.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/12750
dc.description.abstractBackground: Incident Report Forms (IRFs) are routinely completed by lifeguard patrols and include all incidents attended to by lifeguards in their supervision of beaches including rescue, search, and first aid activity. According to SLSNZ internal injury reports, increased use of IRBs in New Zealand may have resulted in an increase in injury incidences. However, the details surrounding these injuries were not provided in the internal reports. Purpose: To analyse the SLSNZ database from 2009 to 2018 to identify injury sites, types, and mechanisms of IRB‐related injuries occurring to surf life savers and reported to SLSNZ. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the SLSNZ injury database for 2009 to 2018 was conducted. Results: In total, there were 253 (female: 100/253, 39.5%; male: 153/253, 60.5%) IRB‐related injury cases reported to SLSNZ from 2009 to 2018. More reported surf lifesaving incidents occurred during patrol (155/253) than competition (12/253). Overall, most injuries to surf lifesavers were lower extremity injuries (131/253, 51.8%). The most reported injury types from 2009 to 2018 were “unclear” (86/253, 34.0%) followed by lacerations (65/253, 25.7%). Overall, the most reported injury mechanism from treatment note free text analysis was “landing” (females: 21/100, 21.0%; males: 25/153, 16.3%) defined by the authors as “landing inside the IRB after going airborne while the IRB was in the water”. Discussion: Injury prevention initiatives should be focused on areas of high injury frequency such as the landings after becoming airborne. The mechanisms for the lower extremity injuries needs to be clearly identified. As lacerations were most frequent the first aid kits will need adequate supplies such as steristrips. Staff first aid training should focus on lower limb fracture, ankle sprain, and laceration, first response treatment. SLSNZ would benefit from investigating the reporting rates of surf life savers and member mindset surrounding incident reporting, particularly in cases involving IRBs, as there was clear underreporting of injuries given feedback from SLSNZ staff on the results in this report. Conclusions: The SLSNZ injury database likely provides an underestimation of the number of injuries resulting from the use of IRBs during patrol and competition. Lower limb and back injuries were frequent. Landing after becoming airborne while the IRB was in the water was a common cause of injury.
dc.description.sponsorshipSurf Life Saving New Zealand (SLSNZ)en_NZ
dc.publisherSPRINZ, Auckland University of Technologyen_NZ
dc.rightsAuckland University of Technology (AUT) encourages public access to AUT information and supports the legal use of copyright material in accordance with the Copyright Act 1994 (the Act) and the Privacy Act 1993. Unless otherwise stated, copyright material contained on this site may be in the intellectual property of AUT, a member of staff or third parties. Any commercial exploitation of this material is expressly prohibited without the written permission of the owner.
dc.titleSurf Lifesaving Injuries in New Zealand Between 2009 to 2018 Derived From the Surf Life Saving New Zealand Injury Reporting Database: Technical Report #2 to Surf Life Saving New Zealand (SLSNZ)en_NZ
dc.typeCommissioned Report
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
aut.publication.placeAuckland, New Zealanden_NZ
pubs.elements-id362328


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