NISAN - the National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences

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Institute Director: Professor Valery Feigin

Deputy Director: Associate Professor Alice Theadom



The National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences (NISAN) conducts epidemiological studies and clinical trials to improve health and outcomes in people with major neurological disorders. Current research programmes focus on:
  • Stroke
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Neuromuscular disorders
Research with this aim is unique in New Zealand and NISAN is a hub for information sharing and developing a cohesive network between existing research and clinical groups with interests in:
  • Neuroepidemiology
  • Public health
  • Neurorehabilitation
  • Neuropsychology
  • Biostatistics

Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 92
  • Item
    Frequency and Predictors of Headache in the First 12 Months After Traumatic Brain Injury: Results from CENTER-TBI
    (BMC, 2024-03-25) Howe, Emilie Isager; Andelic, Nada; Brunborg, Cathrine; Zeldovich, Marina; Helseth, Eirik; Skandsen, Toril; Olsen, Alexander; Fure, Silje CR; Theadom, Alice; Rauen, Katrin; Madsen, Benedikte Å; Jacobs, Bram; van der Naalt, Joukje; Tartaglia, Maria Carmela; Einarsen, Cathrine Elisabeth; Storvig, Gøril; Tronvik, Erling; Tverdal, Cathrine; von Steinbüchel, Nicole; Røe, Cecilie; Hellstrøm, Torgeir; CENTER-TBI Participants and Investigators
    BACKGROUND: Headache is a prevalent and debilitating symptom following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Large-scale, prospective cohort studies are needed to establish long-term headache prevalence and associated factors after TBI. This study aimed to assess the frequency and severity of headache after TBI and determine whether sociodemographic factors, injury severity characteristics, and pre- and post-injury comorbidities predicted changes in headache frequency and severity during the first 12 months after injury. METHODS: A large patient sample from the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) prospective observational cohort study was used. Patients were stratified based on their clinical care pathway: admitted to an emergency room (ER), a ward (ADM) or an intensive care unit (ICU) in the acute phase. Headache was assessed using a single item from the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire measured at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months after injury. Mixed-effect logistic regression analyses were applied to investigate changes in headache frequency and associated predictors. RESULTS: A total of 2,291 patients responded to the headache item at baseline. At study enrolment, 59.3% of patients reported acute headache, with similar frequencies across all strata. Female patients and those aged up to 40 years reported a higher frequency of headache at baseline compared to males and older adults. The frequency of severe headache was highest in patients admitted to the ICU. The frequency of headache in the ER stratum decreased substantially from baseline to 3 months and remained from 3 to 6 months. Similar trajectory trends were observed in the ICU and ADM strata across 12 months. Younger age, more severe TBI, fatigue, neck pain and vision problems were among the predictors of more severe headache over time. More than 25% of patients experienced headache at 12 months after injury. CONCLUSIONS: Headache is a common symptom after TBI, especially in female and younger patients. It typically decreases in the first 3 months before stabilising. However, more than a quarter of patients still experienced headache at 12 months after injury. Translational research is needed to advance the clinical decision-making process and improve targeted medical treatment for headache. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02210221.
  • Item
    Assessing the Individual Risk of Stroke in Caregivers of Patients with Stroke
    (Georg Thieme Verlag KG, 2024-03-11) Marquez-Romero, Juan Manuel; Romo-Martínez, Jessica; Hernández-Curiel, Bernardo; Ruiz-Franco, Angélica; Krishnamurthi, Rita; Feigin, Valery
    BACKGROUND:  Genetic factors influence the risk of developing stroke. Still, it is unclear whether this risk is intrinsically high in certain people or if nongenetic factors explain it entirely. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the risk of stroke in kin and nonkin caregivers. METHODS:  In a cross-sectional study using the Stroke Riskometer app (AUT Ventures Limited, Auckland, AUK, New Zealand), we determined the 5- and 10-year stroke risk (SR) among caregivers of stroke inpatients. The degree of kinship was rated with a score ranging from 0 to 50 points. RESULTS:  We studied 278 caregivers (69.4% of them female) with a mean age of 47.5 ± 14.2 years. Kin caregivers represented 70.1% of the sample, and 49.6% of them were offspring. The median SR at 5 years was of 2.1 (range: 0.35-17.3) versus 1.73 (range: 0.04-29.9), and of 4.0 (range: 0.45-38.6) versus 2.94 (range: 0.05-59.35) at 10 years for the nonkin and kin caregivers respectively. In linear logistic regression controlled for the age of the caregivers, adding the kinship score did not increase the overall variability of the model for the risk at 5 years (R2 = 0.271; p = 0.858) nor the risk at 10 years (R2 = 0.376; p = 0.78). CONCLUSION:  Caregivers of stroke patients carry a high SR regardless of their degree of kinship.
  • Item
    Global Age-Sex-Specific Mortality, Life Expectancy, and Population Estimates in 204 Countries and Territories and 811 Subnational Locations, 1950–2021, and the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comprehensive Demographic Analysis for the Global Burden
    (Elsevier BV, 2024) Schumacher, Austin E; Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe; Aali, Amirali; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Jaffar; Abbasgholizadeh, Rouzbeh; Abbasi, Madineh Akram; Abbasian, Mohammadreza; Abd ElHafeez, Samar; Abdelmasseh, Michael; Abd-Elsalam, Sherief; Abdelwahab, Ahmed; Abdollahi, Mohammad; Abdoun, Meriem; Abdullahi, Auwal; Abdurehman, Ame Mehadi; Abebe, Mesfin; Abedi, Aidin; Abedi, Armita; Abegaz, Tadesse M; Abeldaño Zuñiga, Roberto Ariel; Abhilash, ES; Abiodun, Olugbenga Olusola; Aboagye, Richard Gyan; Abolhassani, Hassan; Abouzid, Mohamed; Abreu, Lucas Guimarães; Abrha, Woldu Aberhe; Abrigo, Michael RM; Abtahi, Dariush; Abu Rumeileh, Samir; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen ME; Aburuz, Salahdein; Abu-Zaid, Ahmed; Acuna, Juan Manuel; Adair, Tim; Addo, Isaac Yeboah; Adebayo, Oladimeji M; Adegboye, Oyelola A; Adekanmbi, Victor; Aden, Bashir; Adepoju, Abiola Victor; Adetunji, Charles Oluwaseun; Adeyeoluwa, Temitayo Esther; Adeyomoye, Olorunsola Israel; Adha, Rishan; Adibi, Amin; Adikusuma, Wirawan; Adnani, Qorinah Estiningtyas Sakilah; Adra, Saryia; Afework, Abel; Afolabi, Aanuoluwapo Adeyimika; Afraz, Ali; Afyouni, Shadi; Afzal, Saira; Agasthi, Pradyumna; Aghamiri, Shahin; Agodi, Antonella; Agyemang-Duah, Williams; Ahinkorah, Bright Opoku; Ahmad, Aqeel; Ahmad, Danish; Ahmad, Firdos; Ahmad, Muayyad M; Ahmad, Tauseef; Ahmadi, Keivan; Ahmadzade, Amir Mahmoud; Ahmadzade, Mohadese; Ahmed, Ayman; Ahmed, Haroon; Ahmed, Luai A; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Ahmed, Syed Anees; Ajami, Marjan; Aji, Budi; Ajumobi, Olufemi; Akalu, Gizachew Taddesse; Akara, Essona Matatom; Akinosoglou, Karolina; Akkala, Sreelatha; Akyirem, Samuel; Al Hamad, Hanadi; Al Hasan, Syed Mahfuz; Al Homsi, Ammar; Al Qadire, Mohammad; Ala, Moein; Aladelusi, Timothy Olukunle; AL-Ahdal, Tareq Mohammed Ali; Alalalmeh, Samer O; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Manjurul; Alam, Zufishan; Al-amer, Rasmieh Mustafa; Alanezi, Fahad Mashhour; Alanzi, Turki M; Albashtawy, Mohammed; AlBataineh, Mohammad T; Aldridge, Robert W; Alemi, Sharifullah; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Al-Gheethi, Adel Ali Saeed; Alhabib, Khalid F; Alhalaiqa, Fadwa Alhalaiqa Naji; Al-Hanawi, Mohammed Khaled; Ali, Abid; Ali, Akhtar; Ali, Beriwan Abdulqadir; Ali, Hassam; Ali, Mohammed Usman; Ali, Rafat; Ali, Syed Shujait Shujait; Ali, Zahid; Alian Samakkhah, Shohreh; Alicandro, Gianfranco; Alif, Sheikh Mohammad; Aligol, Mohammad; Alimi, Rasoul; Aliyi, Ahmednur Adem; Al-Jumaily, Adel; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Almahmeed, Wael; Al-Marwani, Sabah; Al-Maweri, Sadeq Ali Ali; Almazan, Joseph Uy; Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M; Almidani, Omar; Alomari, Mahmoud A; Alonso, Nivaldo; Alqahtani, Jaber S; Alqutaibi, Ahmed Yaseen; Al-Sabah, Salman Khalifah; Altaf, Awais; Al-Tawfiq, Jaffar A; Altirkawi, Khalid A; Alvi, Farrukh Jawad; Alwafi, Hassan; Al-Worafi, Yaser Mohammed; Aly, Hany; Alzoubi, Karem H; Amare, Azmeraw T; Ameyaw, Edward Kwabena; Amhare, Abebe Feyissa; Amin, Tarek Tawfik; Amindarolzarbi, Alireza; Aminian Dehkordi, Javad; Amiri, Sohrab; Amu, Hubert; Amugsi, Dickson A; Amzat, Jimoh; Ancuceanu, Robert; Anderlini, Deanna; Andrade, Pedro Prata; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Andrei, Tudorel; Angappan, Dhanalakshmi; Anil, Abhishek; Anjum, Afifa; Antony, Catherine M; Antriyandarti, Ernoiz; Anuoluwa, Iyadunni Adesola; Anwar, Sumadi Lukman; Anyasodor, Anayochukwu Edward; Appiah, Seth Christopher Yaw; Aqeel, Muhammad; Arabloo, Jalal; Arabzadeh Bahri, Razman; Arab-Zozani, Morteza; Arafat, Mosab; Araújo, Ana Margarida; Aravkin, Aleksandr Y; Aremu, Abdulfatai; Ariffin, Hany; Aripov, Timur; Armocida, Benedetta; Arooj, Mahwish; Artamonov, Anton A; Artanti, Kurnia Dwi; Arulappan, Judie; Aruleba, Idowu Thomas; Aruleba, Raphael Taiwo; Arumugam, Ashokan; Asaad, Malke; Asgary, Saeed; Ashemo, Mubarek Yesse; Ashraf, Muhammad; Asika, Marvellous O; Athari, Seyyed Shamsadin; Atout, Maha Moh'd Wahbi; Atreya, Alok; Attia, Sameh; Aujayeb, Avinash; Avan, Abolfazl; Awotidebe, Adedapo Wasiu; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayanore, Martin Amogre; Ayele, Getnet Melaku; Ayuso-Mateos, Jose L; Ayyoubzadeh, Seyed Mohammad; Azadnajafabad, Sina; Azhar, Gulrez Shah; Aziz, Shahkaar; Azzam, Ahmed Y; Babashahi, Mina; Babu, Abraham Samuel; Badar, Muhammad; Badawi, Alaa; Badiye, Ashish D; Baghdadi, Soroush; Bagheri, Nasser; Bagherieh, Sara; Bah, Sulaiman; Bahadorikhalili, Saeed; Bai, Jianjun; Bai, Ruhai; Baker, Jennifer L; Bakkannavar, Shankar M; Bako, Abdulaziz T; Balakrishnan, Senthilkumar; Balogun, Saliu A; Baltatu, Ovidiu Constantin; Bam, Kiran; Banach, Maciej; Bandyopadhyay, Soham; Banik, Biswajit; Banik, Palash Chandra; Bansal, Hansi; Barati, Shirin; Barchitta, Martina; Bardhan, Mainak; Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Barone-Adesi, Francesco; Barqawi, Hiba Jawdat; Barr, Ronald D; Barrero, Lope H; Basharat, Zarrin; Bashir, Asma'u IJ; Bashiru, Hameed Akande; Baskaran, Pritish; Basnyat, Buddha; Bassat, Quique; Basso, João Diogo; Basu, Saurav; Batra, Kavita; Batra, Ravi; Baune, Bernhard T; Bayati, Mohsen; Bayileyegn, Nebiyou Simegnew; Beaney, Thomas; Bedi, Neeraj; Begum, Tahmina; Behboudi, Emad; Behnoush, Amir Hossein; Beiranvand, Maryam; Bejarano Ramirez, Diana Fernanda; Belgaumi, Uzma Iqbal; Bell, Michelle L; Bello, Aminu K; Bello, Muhammad Bashir; Bello, Olorunjuwon Omolaja; Belo, Luis; Beloukas, Apostolos; Bendak, Salaheddine; Bennett, Derrick A; Bensenor, Isabela M; Benzian, Habib; Berezvai, Zombor; Berman, Adam E; Bermudez, Amiel Nazer C; Bettencourt, Paulo JG; Beyene, Habtamu B; Beyene, Kebede A; Bhagat, Devidas S; Bhagavathula, Akshaya Srikanth; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhalla, Ashish; Bhandari, Dinesh; Bhardwaj, Nikha; Bhardwaj, Pankaj; Bhardwaj, Prarthna V; Bhargava, Ashish; Bhaskar, Sonu; Bhat, Vivek; Bhatti, Gurjit Kaur; Bhatti, Jasvinder Singh; Bhatti, Manpreet S; Bhatti, Rajbir; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Bikbov, Boris; Binmadi, Nada; Bintoro, Bagas Suryo; Biondi, Antonio; Bisignano, Catherine; Bisulli, Francesca; Biswas, Atanu; Biswas, Raaj Kishore; Bitaraf, Saeid; Bjørge, Tone; Bleyer, Archie; Boampong, Mary Sefa; Bodolica, Virginia; Bodunrin, Aadam Olalekan; Bolarinwa, Obasanjo Afolabi; Bonakdar Hashemi, Milad; Bonny, Aime; Bora, Kaustubh; Bora Basara, Berrak; Borodo, Safiya Bala; Borschmann, Rohan; Botero Carvajal, Alejandro; Bouaoud, Souad; Boudalia, Sofiane; Boyko, Edward J; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Braithwaite, Dejana; Brenner, Hermann; Britton, Gabrielle; Browne, Annie J; Brunoni, Andre R; Bulamu, Norma B; Bulto, Lemma N; Buonsenso, Danilo; Burkart, Katrin; Burns, Richard A; Burugina Nagaraja, Sharath; Busse, Reinhard; Bustanji, Yasser; Butt, Zahid A; Caetano dos Santos, Florentino Luciano; Cai, Tianji; Calina, Daniela; Cámera, Luis Alberto; Campos, Luciana Aparecida; Campos-Nonato, Ismael R; Cao, Chao; Cardenas, Carlos Alberto; Cárdenas, Rosario; Carr, Sinclair; Carreras, Giulia; Carrero, Juan J; Carugno, Andrea; Carvalho, Felix; Carvalho, Márcia; Castaldelli-Maia, Joao Mauricio; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A; Castelpietra, Giulio; Catalá-López, Ferrán; Catapano, Alberico L; Cattaruzza, Maria Sofia; Caye, Arthur; Cederroth, Christopher R; Cembranel, Francieli; Cenderadewi, Muthia; Cercy, Kelly M; Cerin, Ester; Cevik, Muge; Chacón-Uscamaita, Pamela R Uscamaita; Chahine, Yaacoub; Chakraborty, Chiranjib; Chan, Jeffrey Shi Kai; Chang, Chin-Kuo; Charalampous, Periklis; Charan, Jaykaran; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; Chatzimavridou-Grigoriadou, Victoria; Chavula, Malizgani Paul; Cheema, Huzaifa Ahmad; Chen, An-Tian; Chen, Haowei; Chen, Lingxiao; Chen, Meng Xuan; Chen, Simiao; Cherbuin, Nicolas; Chew, Derek S; Chi, Gerald; Chirinos-Caceres, Jesus Lorenzo; Chitheer, Abdulaal; Cho, So Mi Jemma; Cho, William CS; Chong, Bryan; Chopra, Hitesh; Choudhary, Rahul; Chowdhury, Rajiv; Chu, Dinh-Toi; Chukwu, Isaac Sunday; Chung, Eric; Chung, Eunice; Chung, Sheng-Chia; Cini, Karly I; Clark, Cain CT; Coberly, Kaleb; Columbus, Alyssa; Comfort, Haley; Conde, Joao; Conti, Sara; Cortesi, Paolo Angelo; Costa, Vera Marisa; Cousin, Ewerton; Cowden, Richard G; Criqui, Michael H; Cruz-Martins, Natália; Culbreth, Garland T; Cullen, Patricia; Cunningham, Matthew; da Silva e Silva, Daniel; Dadana, Sriharsha; Dadras, Omid; Dai, Zhaoli; Dalal, Koustuv; Dalli, Lachlan L; Damiani, Giovanni; D'Amico, Emanuele; Daneshvar, Sara; Darwesh, Aso Mohammad; Das, Jai K; Das, Saswati; Dash, Nihar Ranjan; Dashti, Mohsen; Dávila-Cervantes, Claudio Alberto; Davis Weaver, Nicole; Davletov, Kairat; De Leo, Diego; Debele, Aklilu Tamire; Degenhardt, Louisa; Dehbandi, Reza; Deitesfeld, Lee; Delgado-Enciso, Ivan; Delgado-Ortiz, Laura; Demant, Daniel; Demessa, Berecha Hundessa; Demetriades, Andreas K; Deng, Xinlei; Denova-Gutiérrez, Edgar; Deribe, Kebede; Dervenis, Nikolaos; Des Jarlais, Don C; Desai, Hardik Dineshbhai; Desai, Rupak; Deuba, Keshab; Devanbu, Vinoth Gnana Chellaiyan; Dey, Sourav; Dhali, Arkadeep; Dhama, Kuldeep; Dhimal, Mandira Lamichhane; Dhimal, Meghnath; Dhingra, Sameer; Dias da Silva, Diana; Diaz, Daniel; Dima, Adriana; Ding, Delaney D; Dirac, M Ashworth; Dixit, Abhinav; Dixit, Shilpi Gupta; Do, Thanh Chi; Do, Thao Huynh Phuong; do Prado, Camila Bruneli; Dodangeh, Masoud; Dokova, Klara Georgieva; Dolecek, Christiane; Dorsey, E Ray; dos Santos, Wendel Mombaque; Doshi, Rajkumar; Doshmangir, Leila; Douiri, Abdel; Dowou, Robert Kokou; Driscoll, Tim Robert; Dsouza, Haneil Larson; Dube, John; Dumith, Samuel C; Dunachie, Susanna J; Duncan, Bruce B; Duraes, Andre Rodrigues; Duraisamy, Senbagam; Durojaiye, Oyewole Christopher; Dutta, Sulagna; Dzianach, Paulina Agnieszka; Dziedzic, Arkadiusz Marian; Ebenezer, Oluwakemi; Eboreime, Ejemai; Ebrahimi, Alireza; Echieh, Chidiebere Peter; Ed-Dra, Abdelaziz; Edinur, Hisham Atan; Edvardsson, David; Edvardsson, Kristina; Efendi, Defi; Efendi, Ferry; Eghdami, Shayan; Eikemo, Terje Andreas; Eini, Ebrahim; Ekholuenetale, Michael; Ekpor, Emmanuel; Ekundayo, Temitope Cyrus; El Arab, Rabie Adel; El Morsi, Doaa Abdel Wahab; El Sayed Zaki, Maysaa; El Tantawi, Maha; Elbarazi, Iffat; Elemam, Noha Mousaad; Elgar, Frank J; Elgendy, Islam Y; ElGohary, Ghada Metwally Tawfik; Elhabashy, Hala Rashad; Elhadi, Muhammed; Elmeligy, Omar Abdelsadek Abdou; Elshaer, Mohammed; Elsohaby, Ibrahim; Emami Zeydi, Amir; Emamverdi, Mehdi; Emeto, Theophilus I; Engelbert Bain, Luchuo; Erkhembayar, Ryenchindorj; Eshetie, Tesfahun C; Eskandarieh, Sharareh; Espinosa-Montero, Juan; Estep, Kara; Etaee, Farshid; Eze, Ugochukwu Anthony; Fabin, Natalia; Fadaka, Adewale Oluwaseun; Fagbamigbe, Adeniyi Francis; Fahimi, Saman; Falzone, Luca; Farinha, Carla Sofia E Sá; Faris, MoezAlIslam Ezzat Mahmoud; Farjoud Kouhanjani, Mohsen; Faro, Andre; Farrokhpour, Hossein; Fatehizadeh, Ali; Fattahi, Hamed; Fauk, Nelsensius Klau; Fazeli, Pooria; Feigin, Valery L; Fekadu, Ginenus; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Feroze, Abdullah Hamid; Ferrante, Daniela; Ferrara, Pietro; Ferreira, Nuno; Fetensa, Getahun; Filip, Irina; Fischer, Florian; Flavel, Joanne; Flaxman, Abraham D; Flor, Luisa S; Florin, Bobirca Teodor; Folayan, Morenike Oluwatoyin; Foley, Kristen Marie; Fomenkov, Artem Alekseevich; Force, Lisa M; Fornari, Carla; Foroutan, Behzad; Foschi, Matteo; Francis, Kate Louise; Franklin, Richard Charles; Freitas, Alberto; Friedman, Joseph; Friedman, Sara D; Fukumoto, Takeshi; Fuller, John E; Gaal, Peter Andras; Gadanya, Muktar A; Gaihre, Santosh; Gaipov, Abduzhappar; Gakidou, Emmanuela; Galali, Yaseen; Galehdar, Nasrin; Gallus, Silvano; Gan, Quan; Gandhi, Aravind P; Ganesan, Balasankar; Garg, Jalaj; Gau, Shuo-Yan; Gautam, Prem; Gautam, Rupesh K; Gazzelloni, Federica; Gebregergis, Miglas W; Gebrehiwot, Mesfin; Gebremariam, Tesfay Brhane; Gerema, Urge; Getachew, Motuma Erena; Getachew, Tamirat; Gething, Peter W; Ghafourifard, Mansour; Ghahramani, Sulmaz; Ghailan, Khalid Yaser; Ghajar, Alireza; Ghanbarnia, Mohammad Javad; Ghasemi, MohammadReza; Ghasemzadeh, Afsaneh; Ghassemi, Fariba; Ghazy, Ramy Mohamed; Ghimire, Sailaja; Gholamian, Asadollah; Gholamrezanezhad, Ali; Ghorbani Vajargah, Pooyan; Ghozali, Ghozali; Ghozy, Sherief; Ghuge, Arun Digambarrao; Gialluisi, Alessandro; Gibson, Ruth Margaret; Gil, Artyom Urievich; Gill, Paramjit Singh; Gill, Tiffany K; Gillum, Richard F; Ginindza, Themba G; Girmay, Alem; Glasbey, James C; Gnedovskaya, Elena V; Göbölös, Laszlo; Goel, Amit; Goldust, Mohamad; Golechha, Mahaveer; Goleij, Pouya; Golestanfar, Arefeh; Golinelli, Davide; Gona, Philimon N; Goudarzi, Houman; Goudarzian, Amir Hossein; Goyal, Anmol; Greenhalgh, Scott; Grivna, Michal; Guarducci, Giovanni; Gubari, Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen; Gudeta, Mesay Dechasa; Guha, Avirup; Guicciardi, Stefano; Gunawardane, Damitha Asanga; Gunturu, Sasidhar; Guo, Cui; Gupta, Anish Kumar; Gupta, Bhawna; Gupta, Indarchand Ratanlal; Gupta, Rajat Das; Gupta, Sapna; Gupta, Veer Bala; Gupta, Vijai Kumar; Gupta, Vivek Kumar; Gutiérrez, Reyna Alma; Habibzadeh, Farrokh; Habibzadeh, Parham; Hachinski, Vladimir; Haddadi, Mohammad; Haddadi, Rasool; Haep, Nils; Hajj Ali, Adel; Halboub, Esam S; Halim, Sobia Ahsan; Hall, Brian J; Haller, Sebastian; Halwani, Rabih; Hamadeh, Randah R; Hamagharib Abdullah, Kanaan; Hamidi, Samer; Hamiduzzaman, Mohammad; Hammoud, Ahmad; Hanifi, Nasrin; Hankey, Graeme J; Hannan, Md Abdul; Haque, Md Nuruzzaman; Harapan, Harapan; Haro, Josep Maria; Hasaballah, Ahmed I; Hasan, Faizul; Hasan, Ikramul; Hasan, M Tasdik; Hasani, Hamidreza; Hasanian, Mohammad; Hasanpour- Dehkordi, Ali; Hassan, Abbas M; Hassan, Amr; Hassanian-Moghaddam, Hossein; Hassanipour, Soheil; Haubold, Johannes; Havmoeller, Rasmus J; Hay, Simon I; Hbid, Youssef; Hebert, Jeffrey J; Hegazi, Omar E; Heidari, Golnaz; Heidari, Mohammad; Heidari-Foroozan, Mahsa; Heidari-Soureshjani, Reza; Helfer, Bartosz; Herteliu, Claudiu; Hesami, Hamed; Hettiarachchi, Dineshani; Heyi, Demisu Zenbaba; Hezam, Kamal; Hiraike, Yuta; Hoffman, Howard J; Holla, Ramesh; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hossain, Md Belal; Hossain, Md Mahbub; Hossain, Sahadat; Hosseini, Mohammad-Salar; Hosseinzadeh, Hassan; Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi; Hostiuc, Mihaela; Hostiuc, Sorin; Hsairi, Mohamed; Hsieh, Vivian Chia-rong; Hu, Chengxi; Huang, Junjie; Huda, Md Nazmul; Hugo, Fernando N; Hultström, Michael; Hussain, Javid; Hussain, Salman; Hussein, Nawfal R; Huy, Le Duc; Huynh, Hong-Han; Hwang, Bing-Fang; Ibitoye, Segun Emmanuel; Idowu, Oluwatope Olaniyi; Ijo, Desta; Ikuta, Kevin S; Ilaghi, Mehran; Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen; Ilic, Irena M; Ilic, Milena D; Immurana, Mustapha; Inbaraj, Leeberk Raja; Iradukunda, Arnaud; Iravanpour, Farideh; Iregbu, Kenneth Chukwuemeka; Islam, Md Rabiul; Islam, Mohammad Mainul; Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful; Islami, Farhad; Ismail, Nahlah Elkudssiah; Isola, Gaetano; Iwagami, Masao; Iwu, Chidozie CD; Iwu-Jaja, Chinwe Juliana; Iyer, Mahalaxmi; J, Linda Merin; Jaafari, Jalil; Jacob, Louis; Jacobsen, Kathryn H; Jadidi-Niaragh, Farhad; Jafarinia, Morteza; Jaggi, Khushleen; Jahankhani, Kasra; Jahanmehr, Nader; Jahrami, Haitham; Jain, Akhil; Jain, Nityanand; Jairoun, Ammar Abdulrahman; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo; Jalilzadeh Yengejeh, Reza; Jamshidi, Elham; Jani, Chinmay T; Janko, Mark M; Jatau, Abubakar Ibrahim; Jayapal, Sathish Kumar; Jayaram, Shubha; Jeganathan, Jayakumar; Jema, Alelign Tasew; Jemere, Digisie Mequanint; Jeong, Wonjeong; Jha, Anil K; Jha, Ravi Prakash; Ji, John S; Jiang, Heng; Jin, Yingzhao; Jin, Yinzi; Johnson, Olatunji; Jomehzadeh, Nabi; Jones, Darwin Phan; Joo, Tamas; Joseph, Abel; Joseph, Nitin; Joshua, Charity Ehimwenma; Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy; Jürisson, Mikk; Kaambwa, Billingsley; Kabir, Ali; Kabir, Hannaneh; Kabir, Zubair; Kadashetti, Vidya; Kahe, Farima; Kakodkar, Pradnya Vishal; Kalani, Rizwan; Kalankesh, Leila R; Kaliyadan, Feroze; Kalra, Sanjay; Kamath, Ashwin; Kamireddy, Arun; Kanagasabai, Thanigaivelan; Kandel, Himal; Kanmiki, Edmund Wedam; Kanmodi, Kehinde Kazeem; Kantar, Rami S; Kapoor, Neeti; Karajizadeh, Mehrdad; Karami Matin, Behzad; Karanth, Shama D; Karaye, Ibraheem M; Karim, Asima; Karimi, Hanie; Karimi, Salah Eddin; Karimi Behnagh, Arman; Karkhah, Samad; Karna, Ajit K; Kashoo, Faizan Zaffar; Kasraei, Hengameh; Kassaw, Nigussie Assefa; Kassebaum, Nicholas J; Kassel, Molly B; Katamreddy, Adarsh; Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal; Katoto, Patrick DMC; Kauppila, Joonas H; Kaur, Navjot; Kaydi, Neda; Kayibanda, Jeanne Françoise; Kayode, Gbenga A; Kazemi, Foad; Kazemian, Sina; Kazeminia, sara; Keikavoosi-Arani, Leila; Keller, Cathleen; Kempen, John H; Kerr, Jessica A; Kesse-Guyot, Emmanuelle; Keykhaei, Mohammad; Khadembashiri, Mohamad Mehdi; Khadembashiri, Mohammad Amin; Khafaie, Morteza Abdullatif; Khajuria, Himanshu; Khalafi, Mohammad; Khalaji, Amirmohammad; Khalid, Nauman; Khalil, Ibrahim A; Khamesipour, Faham; Khan, Asaduzzaman; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khan, Ikramullah; Khan, Imteyaz A; Khan, Maseer; Khan, Moien AB; Khan, Taimoor; Khan suheb, Mahammed Ziauddin; Khanmohammadi, Shaghayegh; Khatab, Khaled; Khatami, Fatemeh; Khavandegar, Armin; Khayat Kashani, Hamid Reza; Kheirallah, Khalid A; Khidri, Feriha Fatima; Khodadoust, Elaheh; Khormali, Moein; Khosrowjerdi, Mahmood; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Khusun, Helda; Kifle, Zemene Demelash; Kim, Grace; Kim, Jihee; Kimokoti, Ruth W; Kinzel, Kasey E; Kiross, Girmay Tsegay; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Kiss, Juniper Boroka; Kivimäki, Mika; Klu, Desmond; Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo; Kolahi, Ali-Asghar; Kompani, Farzad; Koren, Gerbrand; Kosen, Soewarta; Kostev, Karel; Kotnis, Ashwin Laxmikant; Koul, Parvaiz A; Koulmane Laxminarayana, Sindhura Lakshmi; Koyanagi, Ai; Kravchenko, Michael A; Krishan, Kewal; Krishna, Hare; Krishnamoorthy, Vijay; Krishnamoorthy, Yuvaraj; Krohn, Kris J; Kuate Defo, Barthelemy; Kubeisy, Connor M; Kucuk Bicer, Burcu; Kuddus, Md Abdul; Kuddus, Mohammed; Kuitunen, Ilari; Kujan, Omar; Kulimbet, Mukhtar; Kulkarni, Vishnutheertha; Kumar, Ashish; Kumar, Harish; Kumar, Nithin; Kumar, Rahul; Kumar, Shiv; Kumari, Madhulata; Kurmanova, Almagul; Kurmi, Om P; Kusnali, Asep; Kusuma, Dian; Kutluk, Tezer; Kuttikkattu, Ambily; Kyei, Evans F; Kyriopoulos, Ilias; La Vecchia, Carlo; Ladan, Muhammad Awwal; Laflamme, Lucie; Lahariya, Chandrakant; Lahmar, Abdelilah; Lai, Daphne Teck Ching; Laksono, Tri; Lal, Dharmesh Kumar; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lallukka, Tea; Lám, Judit; Lamnisos, Demetris; Lan, Tuo; Lanfranchi, Francesco; Langguth, Berthold; Lansingh, Van Charles; Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Larijani, Bagher; Larsson, Anders O; 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Wado, Yohannes Dibaba; Wafa, Hatem A; Waheed, Yasir; Wamai, Richard G; Wang, Cong; Wang, Denny; Wang, Fang; Wang, Shu; Wang, Song; Wang, Yanzhong; Wang, Yuan-Pang; Ward, Paul; Watson, Stefanie; Weaver, Marcia R; Weerakoon, Kosala Gayan; Weiss, Daniel J; Weldemariam, Abrha Hailay; Wells, Katherine M; Wen, Yi Feng; Werdecker, Andrea; Westerman, Ronny; Wickramasinghe, Dakshitha Praneeth; Wickramasinghe, Nuwan Darshana; Wijeratne, Tissa; Wilson, Shadrach; Wojewodzic, Marcin W; Wool, Eve E; Woolf, Anthony D; Wu, Dongze; Wulandari, Ratna Dwi; Xiao, Hong; Xu, Bin; Xu, Xiaoyue; Yadav, Lalit; Yaghoubi, Sajad; Yang, Lin; Yano, Yuichiro; Yao, Yao; Ye, Pengpeng; Yesera, Gesila Endashaw; Yesodharan, Renjulal; Yesuf, Subah Abderehim; Yiğit, Arzu; Yiğit, Vahit; Yip, Paul; Yon, Dong Keon; Yonemoto, Naohiro; You, Yuyi; Younis, Mustafa Z; Yu, Chuanhua; Zadey, Siddhesh; Zadnik, Vesna; Zafari, Nima; Zahedi, Mohammad; Zahid, Muhammad Nauman; Zahir, Mazyar; Zakham, Fathiah; Zaki, Nazar; Zakzuk, Josefina; Zamagni, Giulia; 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    Global, Regional, and National Burden of Disorders Affecting the Nervous System, 1990–2021: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2021
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Isola, Gaetano; Iwagami, Masao; Iwu, Chidozie CD; Iyer, Mahalaxmi; Jaan, Ali; Jacob, Louis; Jadidi-Niaragh, Farhad; Jafari, Mahboobeh; Jafarinia, Morteza; Jafarzadeh, Abdollah; Jahankhani, Kasra; Jahanmehr, Nader; Jahrami, Haitham; Jaiswal, Abhishek; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo; Jamora, Roland Dominic G; Jana, Somnath; Javadi, Nilofer; Javed, Saad; Javeed, Saad; Jayapal, Sathish Kumar; Jayaram, Shubha; Jiang, Heng; Johnson, Catherine Owens; Johnson, Walter D; Jokar, Mohammad; Jonas, Jost B; Joseph, Abel; Joseph, Nitin; Joshua, Charity Ehimwenma; Jürisson, Mikk; Kabir, Ali; Kabir, Zubair; Kabito, Gebisa Guyasa; Kadashetti, Vidya; Kafi, Fatemeh; Kalani, Rizwan; Kalantar, Farnaz; Kaliyadan, Feroze; Kamath, Ashwin; Kamath, Sagarika; Kanchan, Tanuj; Kandel, Amit; Kandel, Himal; Kanmodi, Kehinde Kazeem; Karajizadeh, Mehrdad; Karami, Jafar; Karanth, Shama D; Karaye, Ibraheem M; Karch, André; Karimi, Aliasghar; Karimi, Hanie; Karimi Behnagh, Arman; Kasraei, Hengameh; Kassebaum, Nicholas J; Kauppila, Joonas H; Kaur, Harkiran; Kaur, Navjot; Kayode, Gbenga A; Kazemi, Foad; Keikavoosi-Arani, Leila; Keller, Cathleen; Keykhaei, Mohammad; Khadembashiri, Mohammad Amin; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khafaie, Morteza Abdullatif; Khajuria, Himanshu; Khalaji, Amirmohammad; Khamesipour, Faham; Khammarnia, Mohammad; Khan, Maseer; Khan, Moien AB; Khan, Yusra H; Khan Suheb, Mahammed Ziauddin; Khanmohammadi, Shaghayegh; Khanna, Tripti; Khatab, Khaled; Khatatbeh, Haitham; Khatatbeh, Moawiah Mohammad; Khateri, Sorour; Khatib, Mahalaqua Nazli; Khayat Kashani, Hamid Reza; Khonji, Mohammad Saeid; khorashadizadeh, Fatemeh; Khormali, Moein; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kian, Saeid; Kim, Grace; Kim, Jihee; Kim, Min Seo; Kim, Yun Jin; Kimokoti, Ruth W; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Kivimäki, Mika; Kochhar, Sonali; Kolahi, Ali-Asghar; Koly, Kamrun Nahar; Kompani, Farzad; Koroshetz, Walter J; Kosen, Soewarta; Kourosh Arami, Masoumeh; Koyanagi, Ai; Kravchenko, Michael A; Krishan, Kewal; Krishnamoorthy, Vijay; Kuate Defo, Barthelemy; Kuddus, Md Abdul; Kumar, Ashish; Kumar, G Anil; Kumar, Manasi; Kumar, Nithin; Kumsa, Netsanet Bogale; Kundu, Satyajit; Kurniasari, Maria Dyah; Kusuma, Dian; Kuttikkattu, Ambily; Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe; La Vecchia, Carlo; Ladan, Muhammad Awwal; Lahariya, Chandrakant; Laksono, Tri; Lal, Dharmesh Kumar; Lallukka, Tea; Lám, Judit; Lami, Faris Hasan; Landires, Iván; Langguth, Berthold; Lasrado, Savita; Latief, Kamaluddin; Latifinaibin, Kaveh; Lau, Kathryn Mei-Ming; Laurens, Matthew B; Lawal, Basira Kankia; Le, Long Khanh Dao; Le, Thao Thi Thu; Ledda, Caterina; Lee, Munjae; Lee, Sang-woong; Lee, Seung Won; Lee, Wei-Chen; Lee, Yo Han; Leonardi, Matilde; Lerango, Temesgen L; Li, Ming-Chieh; Li, Wei; Ligade, Virendra S; Lim, Stephen S; Linehan, Christine; Liu, Chaojie; Liu, Jue; Liu, Wei; Lo, Chun-Han; Lo, Warren David; Lobo, Stany W; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Lopes, Graciliana; Lopukhov, Platon D; Lorenzovici, László; Lorkowski, Stefan; Loureiro, Joana A; Lubinda, Jailos; Lucchetti, Giancarlo; Lutzky Saute, Ricardo; Ma, Zheng Feei; 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    National Plans and Awareness Campaigns as Priorities for Achieving Global Brain Health
    (Elsevier BV, 2024) Winter, Sebastian F; Walsh, Donna; Catsman-Berrevoets, Coriene; Feigin, Valery; Destrebecq, Frédéric; Dickson, Suzanne L; Leonardi, Matilde; Hoemberg, Volker; Tassorelli, Cristina; Ferretti, Maria Teresa; Dé, Anna; Chadha, Antonella Santuccione; Lynch, Chris; Bakhtadze, Sophia; Saylor, Deanna; Hwang, Soonmyung; Rostasy, Kevin; Kluger, Benzi M; Wright, Claire; Zee, Phyllis C; Dodick, David W; Jaarsma, Joke; Owolabi, Mayowa O; Zaletel, Jelka; Albreht, Tit; Dhamija, Rajinder K; Helme, Anne; Laurson-Doube, Joanna; Amos, Action; Baingana, Florence K; Baker, Gus A; Sofia, Francesca; Galvin, Orla; Hawrot, Tadeusz
    Summary Neurological conditions are the leading cause of death and disability combined. This public health crisis has become a global priority with the introduction of WHO's Intersectoral Global Action Plan on Epilepsy and Other Neurological Disorders 2022–2031 (IGAP). 18 months after this plan was adopted, global neurology stakeholders, including representatives of the OneNeurology Partnership (a consortium uniting global neurology organisations), take stock and advocate for urgent acceleration of IGAP implementation. Drawing on lessons from relevant global health contexts, this Health Policy identifies two priority IGAP targets to expedite national delivery of the entire 10-year plan: namely, to update national policies and plans, and to create awareness campaigns and advocacy programmes for neurological conditions and brain health. To ensure rapid attainment of the identified priority targets, six strategic drivers are proposed: universal community awareness, integrated neurology approaches, intersectoral governance, regionally coordinated IGAP domestication, lived experience-informed policy making, and neurological mainstreaming (advocating to embed brain health into broader policy agendas). Contextualised with globally emerging IGAP-directed efforts and key considerations for intersectoral policy design, this novel framework provides actionable recommendations for policy makers and IGAP implementation partners. Timely, synergistic pursuit of the six drivers might aid WHO member states in cultivating public awareness and policy structures required for successful intersectoral roll-out of IGAP by 2031, paving the way towards brain health for all.
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