Explainability of Automated Fact Verification Systems: A Comprehensive Review

Vallayil, Manju
Nand, Parma
Yan, Wei Qi
Allende-Cid, Héctor
Item type
Journal Article
Degree name
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title

The rapid growth in Artificial Intelligence (AI) has led to considerable progress in Automated Fact Verification (AFV). This process involves collecting evidence for a statement, assessing its relevance, and predicting its accuracy. Recently, research has begun to explore automatic explanations as an integral part of the accuracy analysis process. However, the explainability within AFV is lagging compared to the wider field of explainable AI (XAI), which aims at making AI decisions more transparent. This study looks at the notion of explainability as a topic in the field of XAI, with a focus on how it applies to the specific task of Automated Fact Verification. It examines the explainability of AFV, taking into account architectural, methodological, and dataset-related elements, with the aim of making AI more comprehensible and acceptable to general society. Although there is a general consensus on the need for AI systems to be explainable, there a dearth of systems and processes to achieve it. This research investigates the concept of explainable AI in general and demonstrates its various aspects through the particular task of Automated Fact Verification. This study explores the topic of faithfulness in the context of local and global explainability. This paper concludes by highlighting the gaps and limitations in current data science practices and possible recommendations for modifications to architectural and data curation processes, contributing to the broader goals of explainability in Automated Fact Verification.

Applied Sciences, ISSN: 2076-3417 (Online), MDPI AG, 13(23), 12608-12608. doi: 10.3390/app132312608
Rights statement
© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).