Effect of Temperature on Sliding Wear Behavior of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy Processed by Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing Techniques
Ti-6Al-4V is suitable for powder bed fusion additive manufacturing processes; however, until now, limited studies are conducted to investigate the high temperature tribological performance of Ti-6Al-4V samples made by selective laser melting (SLM) and electron beam melting (EBM) techniques. This paper investigated dry sliding wear resistance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy manufactured by SLM, EBM and conventional processes at elevated temperatures up to 600 °C in contact with WC-Co. Linear reciprocating sliding wear tests were carried out under different applied loads and temperatures, and different wear mechanisms were identified and related to the manufacturing technique. Deviations of wear track width measurements indicated shape irregularly, which has been presented and discussed by SEM images of the wear tracks. Energy-dispersive x-ray analysis of surface layer showed how increasing temperature affects the surface oxide layer and debris. The results showed that for all three types of samples, the oxygen richer oxide debris layer at higher temperatures provided a protective layer with higher wear resistance, although strength and hardness of Ti-6Al-4V are lower at a higher temperatures. So, the combination of these two effects results in no significant effect of temperature on wear rate.