Understanding Suicidality in Pacific Adolescents in New Zealand Using Network Analysis

aut.relation.endpage842
aut.relation.issue5
aut.relation.journalSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
aut.relation.startpage826
aut.relation.volume53
dc.contributor.authorGossage, LE
dc.contributor.authorNarayanan, A
dc.contributor.authorDipnall, JF
dc.contributor.authorBerk, M
dc.contributor.authorSumich, A
dc.contributor.authorHaslbeck, JMB
dc.contributor.authorIusitini, L
dc.contributor.authorWrapson, W
dc.contributor.authorTautolo, ES
dc.contributor.authorSiegert, R
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-23T03:46:23Z
dc.date.available2023-11-23T03:46:23Z
dc.date.issued2023-08-12
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Pacific adolescents in New Zealand (NZ) are three to four times more likely than NZ European adolescents to report suicide attempts and have higher rates of suicidal plans. Suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts, termed suicidality in this study, result from a complex dynamic interplay of factors, which emerging methodologies like network analysis aim to capture. Methods: This study used cross-sectional network analysis to model the relationships between suicidality, self-harm, and individual depression symptoms, whilst conditioning on a multi-dimensional set of variables relevant to suicidality. A series of network models were fitted to data from a community sample of New Zealand-born Pacific adolescents (n = 550; 51% male; Mean age (SD) = 17 (0.35)). Results: Self-harm and the depression symptom measuring pessimism had the strongest associations with suicidality, followed by symptoms related to having a negative self-image about looks and sadness. Nonsymptom risk factors for self-harm and suicidality differed markedly. Conclusions: Depression symptoms varied widely in terms of their contribution to suicidality, highlighting the valuable information gained from analysing depression at the symptom-item level. Reducing the sources of pessimism and building self-esteem presented as potential targets for alleviating suicidality amongst Pacific adolescents in New Zealand. Suicide prevention strategies need to include risk factors for self-harm.
dc.identifier.citationSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, ISSN: 0363-0234 (Print); 1943-278X (Online), Wiley, 53(5), 826-842. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12986
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/sltb.12986
dc.identifier.issn0363-0234
dc.identifier.issn1943-278X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/16986
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherWiley
dc.relation.urihttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sltb.12986
dc.rights© 2023 The Authors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Association of Suicidology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccess
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectadolescents
dc.subjectnetwork analysis
dc.subjectpessimism
dc.subjectpsychopathology
dc.subjectself-harm
dc.subjectsuicidality
dc.subject5203 Clinical and Health Psychology
dc.subject52 Psychology
dc.subjectBehavioral and Social Science
dc.subjectPediatric
dc.subjectMental Health
dc.subjectSerious Mental Illness
dc.subjectSuicide
dc.subjectSuicide Prevention
dc.subjectClinical Research
dc.subjectDepression
dc.subjectPrevention
dc.subject2 Aetiology
dc.subject2.3 Psychological, social and economic factors
dc.subjectMental health
dc.subject3 Good Health and Well Being
dc.subject1701 Psychology
dc.subjectPsychiatry
dc.subject4203 Health services and systems
dc.subject5203 Clinical and health psychology
dc.subject5205 Social and personality psychology
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshMale
dc.subject.meshAdolescent
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshSuicidal Ideation
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.meshNew Zealand
dc.subject.meshSuicide
dc.subject.meshSuicide, Attempted
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.meshSuicide
dc.subject.meshSuicide, Attempted
dc.subject.meshAdolescent
dc.subject.meshNew Zealand
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshMale
dc.subject.meshSuicidal Ideation
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshMale
dc.subject.meshAdolescent
dc.subject.meshFemale
dc.subject.meshSuicidal Ideation
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.meshNew Zealand
dc.subject.meshSuicide
dc.subject.meshSuicide, Attempted
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors
dc.titleUnderstanding Suicidality in Pacific Adolescents in New Zealand Using Network Analysis
dc.typeJournal Article
pubs.elements-id521280
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