Inverse MultiView II: Microarcsecond Trigonometric Parallaxes for Southern Hemisphere 6.7~GHz Methanol Masers G232.62+00.99 and G323.74−00.26

Hyland, L
Reid, M
Weston, S
Natusch, T
Gulyaev, S
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Journal Article
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IOP Publishing

We present the first results from the Southern Hemisphere Parallax Interferometric Radio Astrometry Legacy Survey (\spirals): 10μas-accurate parallaxes and proper motions for two southern hemisphere 6.7 GHz methanol masers obtained using the inverse MultiView calibration method. Using an array of radio telescopes in Australia and New Zealand, we measured the trigonometric parallax and proper motions for the masers associated with the star formation regions G232.62+00.99 of π=0.610±0.011~mas, μx=−2.266±0.021~mas/yr and μy=2.249±0.049~mas/yr, which implies its distance to be d=1.637±0.029~kpc. These measurements represent an improvement in accuracy by more than a factor of 3 over the previous measurements obtained through Very Long Baseline Array observations of the 12~GHz methanol masers associated with this region. We also measure the trigonometric parallax and proper motion for G323.74--00.26 as π=0.364±0.009~mas, μx=−3.239±0.025~mas/yr and μy=−3.976±0.039~mas/yr, which implies a distance of d=2.747±0.068~kpc. These are the most accurate measurements of trigonometric parallax obtained for 6.7~GHz class II methanol masers to date. We confirm that G232.62+00.99 is in the Local arm and find that G323.74--00.26 is in the Scutum-Centaurus arm. We also investigate the structure and internal dynamics of G323.74--00.26

Astrometry - proper motions; Parallaxes; Masers - methanol; Techniques - Very Long Baseline Interferometry
Hyland, L. J., Reid, M. J., Orosz, G., Ellingsen, S. P., Weston, S. D., Kumar, J., Dodson, R., Rioja, M. J., Hankey, W. J., Yates-Jones, P. M., Natusch, T., Gulyaev, S., Menten, K. M., & Brunthaler, A. (2022). Inverse MultiView II: Microarcsecond trigonometric parallaxes for southern hemisphere 6.7~GHz methanol masers G232.62+00.99 and G323.74-00.26.
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