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dc.contributor.authorYang, JZen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDokpuang, Den_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNemati, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHe, KHen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZheng, ABen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPetrov, MSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLu, Jen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-10T21:57:00Z
dc.date.available2020-08-10T21:57:00Z
dc.date.copyright2020en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationBiomedicines, 8(6), 174.
dc.identifier.issn2227-9059en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/13589
dc.description.abstractAnthropometric indices, such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist to height ratio (WHtR), have limitations in accurately predicting the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and metabolic syndrome due to ethnic differences in fat distribution. Recent studies showed that the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) deposition and fat content of internal organs, most notably intra-hepatic and intra-pancreatic fat, has emerged as a more important parameter. In this study, we aimed to assess the coordination between the traditional anthropometric indices and the various fat depositions within different ethnicities in New Zealand. We recruited 104 participants with different ethnic backgrounds, including New Zealand Europeans, Māori (the indigenous people of New Zealand), Pacific Islanders (PI), and Asians. Their weight, height, and WC were measured, and subcutaneous, visceral, intra-hepatic, and intra-pancreatic fat depositions were obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The result showed VAT, but not subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) depositions at all levels were significantly varied among the three groups. BMI was associated best with L23SAT in NZ Europeans (30%) and L45VAT in Māori/PI (24.3%). WC and WHtR were correlated well with L45SAT in the total population (18.8% and 12.2%, respectively). Intra-pancreatic fat deposition had a positive Pearson relationship with NZ European BMI and Māori/PI WC, but no regression correlation with anthropometric indices. Conventional anthropometric indices did not correspond to the same fat depositions across different ethnic groups.en_NZ
dc.languageengen_NZ
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2227-9059/8/6/174
dc.rights© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.subjectEthnicityen_NZ
dc.subjectMRIen_NZ
dc.subjectIntra-pancreatic faten_NZ
dc.subjectSubcutaneous faten_NZ
dc.subjectVisceral faten_NZ
dc.titleEvaluation of Ethnic Variations in Visceral, Subcutaneous, Intra-pancreatic, and Intra-hepatic Fat Depositions by Magnetic Resonance Imaging Among New Zealandersen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/biomedicines8060174en_NZ
aut.relation.articlenumber174en_NZ
aut.relation.issue6en_NZ
aut.relation.volume8en_NZ
pubs.elements-id383011
aut.relation.journalBiomedicinesen_NZ


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