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dc.contributor.authorBharatharaj, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMohan, REen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAl-Jumaily, AMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKrägeloh, CUen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-17T22:12:20Z
dc.date.available2018-04-17T22:12:20Z
dc.date.copyright2017en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationRobotics 2017, 6(1), 4; doi:10.3390/robotics6010004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/11513
dc.description.abstractThis paper puts forward the potential for designing a parrot-inspired robot and an indirect teaching technique, the adapted model-rival method (AMRM), to help improve learning and social interaction abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder. The AMRM was formulated by adapting two popular conventional approaches, namely, model-rival method and label-training procedure. In our validation trials, we used a semi-autonomous parrot-inspired robot, called KiliRo, to simulate a set of autonomous behaviors. A proposed robot-assisted therapy using AMRM was pilot tested with nine children with autism spectrum disorder for five consecutive days in a clinical setting. We analyzed the facial expressions of children when they interacted with KiliRo using an automated emotion recognition and classification system, Oxford emotion API (Application Programming Interface). Results provided some indication that the children with autism spectrum disorder appeared attracted and happy to interact with the parrot-inspired robot. Short qualitative interviews with the children’s parents, the pediatrician, and the child psychologist who participated in this pilot study, also acknowledged that the proposed parrot-inspired robot and the AMRM may have some merit in aiding in improving learning and social interaction abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder.
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.urihttp://www.mdpi.com/2218-6581/6/1/4en_NZ
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
dc.subjectParrot-inspired robots; Robot-assisted therapy; Emotion recognition; Autism spectrum disorder; Adapted model-rival method
dc.titleRobot-assisted therapy for learning and social interaction of children with autism spectrum disorderen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/robotics6010004en_NZ
aut.relation.articlenumber1en_NZ
aut.relation.endpage11
aut.relation.issue4en_NZ
aut.relation.startpage1
aut.relation.volume6en_NZ
pubs.elements-id334330
aut.relation.journalRoboticsen_NZ


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