Masters Theses

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The Masters Theses collection contains digital copies of AUT University masters theses deposited with the Library since 2002 and made available open access. From 2007 onwards, all theses for masters degrees awarded are required to be deposited in Tuwhera Open Theses & Dissertations unless subject to an embargo.

For theses submitted prior to 2007, open access was not mandatory, so only those theses for which the author has given consent are available in Tuwhera Open Theses & Dissertations. Where consent for open access has not been provided, the thesis is usually recorded in the AUT Library catalogue where the full text, if available, may be accessed with an AUT password. Other people should request an Interlibrary Loan through their library.

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 3179
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    Exploring Women’s Constraints Through Non-linear Storytelling and Visual Narratives in Vietnamese Society
    (Auckland University of Technology, 2024) Nguyen, Truong Le Thy
    In recent years, there has been an intensification in scholarly attention towards gender stereotype disparities. This practice-led research project asks: How can image-making and non-linear storytelling structures be employed to express cultural experiences of the self in regard to women’s constraints in Vietnamese society? Drawing from heuristic enquiry and auto-ethnography methodology, it utilises the researcher’s memories and experiences as a basis to create a non-linear illustrated narrative artwork titled Đàn Bà. While the focus is on gender context in Vietnam, the project recognises the universal relevance and their prevalence across cultures. By tapping into these contemporary discourses and employing visual mediums, the project seeks to contribute a perspective to the ongoing conversation about gender inequality and the role of visual communication in addressing societal issues.
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    Wanderer: An Aisthetic Inquiry into the Experience of Exile
    (Auckland University of Technology, 2024) Shan, Kexin
    This practice-led artistic research draws on the historical, literary convention of the 羁旅 (exile), to consider the potential of a fictional 旅行皮箱 (portmanteau) to speak to the experience of loss and disorientation experienced by a Chinese student studying overseas. The study employs close reading, iterative poetic practice and iterative experimentation to design artefacts that communicate intimate experiences that one might experience as a foreigner studying and living abroad. At the centre of the study is the creation of a fictional portmanteau that belongs to an imaginary student who is emotionally, culturally and physically stranded (in exile) in a country far away from her homeland. The portmanteau constitutes a repository of ephemera but also a form of narrative portrait.
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    Effect of Weight Bearing on Functional Outcomes Post Non-surgically Managed Achilles Tendon Rupture
    (Auckland University of Technology, 2024) Finn, Shane
    Objective In groups randomly allocated to immediate weight bearing or delayed weight bearing (standard care), to assess the difference in plantar flexor muscle endurance, strength, hop performance, perceived function, and Achilles tendon length at 12-18 months post injury. Study Design The first phase of this study was implemented by researchers from the Orthopaedic Department at Wellington Regional Hospital. It was a prospective randomised control trial (RCT) with the two treatment groups mentioned above. The second phase utilised the RCT cohort, but otherwise was independently conceived and implemented for this master’s thesis research. It was a cross-sectional design assessing participants 12-18 months post conservatively managed Achilles tendon rupture in an immediate weight bearing (VACOped) group compared to a standard care group. Background Achilles tendon rupture is a traumatic injury event with increasing incidence and often long-term functional consequences. Ongoing deficits in plantar flexor endurance and strength are often seen 12 months post injury and return to sport rates post Achilles tendon rupture range from 50-70 percent. Hence, a significant amount of people who suffer this injury never return to normal function. There is poor consensus regarding the optimal conservative management strategy to date. Early mobilisation is a possible strategy, but results to date have been inconsistent and there is limited evidence of performance based testing post Achilles tendon rupture. Method Performance based functional outcomes were measured using the total heel raise work test, maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the plantar flexors, single leg hop for distance, single leg hop for height and a lateral movement 30 second continuous hop test. Achilles tendon length was measured using the resting angle method. Perceived function was measured using the Achilles Tendon Rupture Score (ATRS) and the Injury-Psychological Readiness to Return to Sport (I-PRRS). Results From the initial RCT, 34 participants were recruited (VACOped group: 20; Standard Care group: 14). There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) across limbs for the total heel raise work test, MVC test, hop for distance and height tests. There was no significant group or interaction effect (p > 0.05) observed across all performance based functional outcome measures. There were no significant differences (p > 0.05) across groups in both the ATRS and the I-PRRS. The mean score for the ATRS in the VACOped group was 80 while the mean score in the standard care group was 72. The mean score for the I-PRRS in the VACOped group was 48 compared to 41 in the standard care group. There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) across limbs, but no significant group or interaction effect (p > 0.05) was observed for Achilles tendon length measures. Regarding legs, a mean increase of 29 percent and 32 percent in Achilles resting angle was observed across legs in the VACOped and standard care groups, respectively. Conclusion Based upon the variables measured, immediate weight bearing did not lead to increased physical performance compared to the delayed weight bearing group at 12-18 months post injury. At this time point, findings highlighted notable and significant deficits in plantar flexor muscle endurance, plantar flexor muscle strength, maximum effort hop tests, and Achilles tendon length across limbs irrespective of group allocation. In line with previous research, secondary findings showed that there were also ongoing deficits in self-perceived function and self-confidence to return to sport post Achilles tendon rupture.
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    Yes Means Yes, No Means No, and Closing the Door Means Sure? Exploring Internal and External Cues of Consent to Sex Among Young Adults in Aotearoa New Zealand
    (Auckland University of Technology, 2024) Jackman, Chloe
    As Aotearoa New Zealand endeavours to eliminate sexual violence through its national strategy, Te Aorerekura, we need to direct more attention towards contemporary sex and consent culture. However, to develop relevant policy, it is imperative that there is psychological insight into how consent is understood within the sociocultural context. The current study aimed to explore how young adults consent to sex by assessing feelings that influenced the decision to engage in a recent sexual interaction and how/if they communicated this willingness through behaviours. An online questionnaire that included the Internal Consent Scale and External Consent Scale by Jozkowski et al. (2014) was completed by 509 young adults. Preliminary analyses indicated group differences: those in a relationship were more likely to experience feelings of consent and use communication behaviours than single individuals; Rainbow young adults were more likely to use verbal cues whereas heterosexual young adults were more likely to suggest sex “just happened”; and males reported using more behaviours to convey consent than females. The main analyses involved performing exploratory factor analyses. The Internal Consent Scale was refined from the original 25-item, five factor structure to a two-factor solution: Factor 1 was comprised of seven items pertaining to cognitive perceptions associated with affirming willingness and Factor 2 was composed of seven items posited to represent physiological arousal. Although the current study also obtained a five-factor solution for the External Consent Scale, the underlying structure did not replicate, thus raising concern about the subscales. Overall, these findings provide an important contribution to the emerging literature regarding cues of consent which is imperative for the prevention of sexual violence.
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    Interoperable Smart Healthcare Management Application Using mHealth and Digital Technologies Specialised for Emergency Healthcare Providers
    (Auckland University of Technology, 2023) Pai, Varsha
    In emergency settings, delayed communication and lack of access to accurate patient data can hinder medical procedures conducted by healthcare providers, therefore reducing the chances of positive medical outcomes among patients in emergency cases. Despite healthcare entities such as hospitals, ambulance service providers, specialists, and general practitioners adapting to independent digital healthcare applications, interoperable patient data exchange from one healthcare application to another is highlighted as a major challenge in both academic literature and real life. Moreover, decentralised healthcare databases storing redundant patient information cause more operational issues for both paramedics and emergency hospital staff when triaging urgent cases. This study investigates the integration of digital health technologies, specifically mHealth applications, cloud computing and electronic health records, in improving operations such as emergency response triaging and patient administration conducted in emergency settings. Like many other global ambulance service providers, St John New Zealand experienced significant operational challenges during 2020-2022 due to the increase of emergency cases during coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). Paramedics experienced unprecedented circumstances of overrun hospital beds, a deficit of ambulance vehicles, staff burnout, and inaccurate patient data, which impeded positive patient outcomes. The thesis explores the possibility of exchanging interoperable patient data between two crucial healthcare providers in emergency settings; paramedics and emergency department (ED) hospital units, using one mHealth application, a centralised cloud database and electronic health records. The capability was extended to include two additional healthcare providers, primary and secondary care to encompass less severe emergency outcome scenarios. The design-driven approach to support this thesis was implementing a prototype for smarter healthcare management in emergency settings. The prototype was named touchPoint to signify the point of interoperable patient data transfer between emergency healthcare providers. The development was accomplished using Xcode integrated development environment (IDE), Swift and Objective-C programming languages. Open Electronic Medical Records (OpenEMR) was used as a centralised database along with the international Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) standards defining the rules and specifications of exchanging electronic health records between different systems. The results from the prototype showed the possibility of improving the data communication between emergency healthcare providers in real-life. The novelty lies in the ability to offer an efficient and convenient alternative approach to the current manual process. This thesis does not include any references to personal patient information or questionnaire results conducted by humans. To test the prototype, open-source anonymised data sets in the form of application programming interfaces (APIs) were used from official healthcare development websites, including FHIR New Zealand and OpenEMR. Technical artifacts can be found in the Appendix and GitHub link provided in Chapter 4.
Theses are protected by the Copyright Act 1994 (New Zealand). The thesis may be consulted by you, provided you comply with the provisions of the Act and the following conditions of use:
  • Any use you make of these documents or images must be for research or private study purposes only, and you may not make them available to any other person.
  • Authors control the copyright of their thesis. You will recognise the author’s right to be identified as the author of the thesis, and due acknowledgement will be made to the author where appropriate.
  • You will obtain the author’s permission before publishing any material from the thesis.