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dc.contributor.authorWebster, CSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLuo, AYen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKrägeloh, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMoir, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHenning, Men_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-20T03:37:13Z
dc.date.available2016-01-20T03:37:13Z
dc.date.copyright2016en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationPreventive Medicine Reports, vol.3, pp.103 - 112en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/9375
dc.description.abstractBackground The poor health consequences of stress are well recognized, and students in higher education may be at particular risk. Tai Chi integrates physical exercise with mindfulness techniques and seems well suited to relieve stress and related conditions. Methods We conducted a systematic review of the health benefits of Tai Chi for students in higher education reported in the English and Chinese literature, using an evidence hierarchy approach, allowing the inclusion of studies additional to randomized controlled trials. Results Sixty eight reports in Chinese and 8 in English were included — a combined study sample of 9263 participants. Eighty one health outcomes were extracted from reports, and assigned evidence scores according to the evidence hierarchy. Four primary and eight secondary outcomes were found. Tai Chi is likely to benefit participants by increasing flexibility, reducing symptoms of depression, decreasing anxiety, and improving interpersonal sensitivity (primary outcomes). Secondary outcomes include improved lung capacity, balance, 800/1000m run time, quality of sleep, symptoms of compulsion, somatization and phobia, and decreased hostility. Conclusions Our results show Tai Chi yields psychological and physical benefits, and should be considered by higher education institutions as a possible means to promote the physical and psychological well-being of their students.
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.12.006
dc.rights© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
dc.subjectTai Chi; Graduate student; Stress; Well-being; Physical; Mental
dc.titleA systematic review of the health benefits of Tai Chi for students in higher educationen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.12.006en_NZ
aut.relation.endpage112
aut.relation.startpage103
aut.relation.volume3en_NZ
pubs.elements-id196408


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