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dc.contributor.advisorDevine, Nesta
dc.contributor.advisorChile, Love
dc.contributor.authorManjalloor, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-20T03:11:53Z
dc.date.available2015-11-20T03:11:53Z
dc.date.copyright2015
dc.date.created2015
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/9246
dc.description.abstractMy research study sought to understand whether the United Nation’s (UN) Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 2, with its main target of 100 per cent school enrolment and primary school level completion, could act as a major instrument of poverty eradication, using the case study of the Kerala state of India. The MDG programme focuses on the measurable objective realities of poverty; ignoring the cause and context of poverty. Correspondingly, MDG 2 is aimed at human capital formation. This thesis challenges the underlying assumptions of MDG 2. I argue that MDG 2, as currently conceptualised in terms of conventional primary schooling and universal access, without pedagogical reform, is unlikely to achieve its current promised goals. This study used extensive interactive material based on critical ethnographic methods to explore the lived experience of the Dalits of Kerala, which constitutes the case study for this thesis. Kerala has already achieved the targets of MDG 2; it has enjoyed universal primary education for over a hundred years, and yet remains a poor state. As the poorest community in Kerala, the Dalits highlight the contradiction inherent in MDG 2 and poverty eradication. Therefore, this research interrogates the efficacy of MDG 2 by examining the conditions of the Dalits of Kerala, an educated population in terms of MDG 2, who, notwithstanding, remain enmeshed in poverty. Inherent in MDG 2 is a theory that changing indicators, in this case universal primary education, will eradicate poverty. However, eradicating poverty is much more complex than changing indicators. Poverty is associated with a complex web of factors such as the level of oppression, social exclusion and lack of opportunities experienced by the subaltern population. Critical theory, which provides the framework for this thesis, argues that the role of education is emancipatory, which implies transforming social institutions and emancipation of the oppressed. These goals cannot be achieved by the MDG 2 objective of human capital formation through education. Although this research focused on one case study in one country, nonetheless, it provides a critical perspective, which may help better understanding of the limitations of MDG 2 as an instrument of poverty eradication.en_NZ
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherAuckland University of Technology
dc.subjectMDG 2en_NZ
dc.subjectDalitsen_NZ
dc.subjectKeralaen_NZ
dc.subjectUN poverty eradication programmeen_NZ
dc.subjectEducation and poverty eradicationen_NZ
dc.subjectCritical theoryen_NZ
dc.subjectOppressionen_NZ
dc.subjectSocial exclusionen_NZ
dc.titleA critical analysis of the efficacy of MDG 2: case study of the Dalits of Kerala, Indiaen_NZ
dc.typeThesis
thesis.degree.grantorAuckland University of Technology
thesis.degree.grantorAuckland University of Technology
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral Theses
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccess
dc.date.updated2015-11-20T01:31:51Z


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