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dc.contributor.authorHinckson, EA
dc.contributor.authorMcGrath, L
dc.contributor.authorHopkins, W
dc.contributor.authorOliver, M
dc.contributor.authorBadland, H
dc.contributor.authorMavoa, S
dc.contributor.authorWitten, K
dc.contributor.authorKearns, RA
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-14T03:39:08Z
dc.date.available2015-01-14T03:39:08Z
dc.date.copyright2014
dc.identifier.citationFront. Public Health 2:151. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00151
dc.identifier.issn2296-2565
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/8305
dc.description.abstractSedentary behavior is associated with overweight and obesity in children, and distance to school has been negatively associated with active commuting to school. It is not known how distance to school relates to sedentary behavior in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between distance to school and children's sedentary behavior during weekdays at times where children interact with the neighborhood environment. Children (5-13 years, n = 295) who participated in the understanding relationships between activity and neighborhoods study (2008-2010) across four New Zealand cities wore a hip-mounted accelerometer for 7 days. Minutes spent sedentary (accelerometer count <100 min(-1)) were derived for the school travel periods (0800-0859 and 1500-1559) and after school discretionary time (1600-1759). Shortest street network distance to school was calculated from residential addresses using geographical information systems and parsed into tertiles for analysis. Children completed a daily travel log including mode of transport to and from school, which was dichotomized into active (walking and cycling) and passive (motorized) modes. Children living in the second tertile of distance from school were the least sedentary during the school traveling periods (42 ± 10%, mean ± true between-child SD) compared to those living in the first or third distance tertiles (47 ± 10 and 49 ± 10%, respectively); the differences were clear and likely substantial (90% confidence limits ± 6%). Children who traveled by motorized transport were more sedentary for each of the distance tertiles (50 versus 44%, 46 versus 39%, and 54 versus 27% for first, second, and third tertiles, respectively; 90% confidence limits ± 7%). In the period of 1600-1759, girls in the third distance tertile were the most sedentary. The combined effects of 1-2 km distance from school and active commuting to school contributed to least sedentary time in children.
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherFrontiers Media S. A.
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2014.00151
dc.rights© 2014 Hinckson, McGrath, Hopkins, Oliver, Badland, Mavoa, Witten and Kearns. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.subjectNew Zealand
dc.subjectAccelerometer
dc.subjectCommuting
dc.subjectNeighborhood
dc.subjectPhysical activity
dc.subjectSedentary behavior
dc.titleDistance to School Is Associated With Sedentary Time in Children: Findings From the URBAN Study
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccess
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpubh.2014.00151
aut.relation.startpage151
aut.relation.volume2
pubs.elements-id173683


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