Ultrasonic Evaluation of the Abductor Hallucis Muscle in Hallux Valgus: A Cross-sectional Observational Study

Stewart, S
Ellis, R
Heath, M
Rome, K
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Journal Article
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BioMed Central

The aim of the study was to investigate the abductor hallucis muscle characteristics, defined as dorso-plantar (DP) thickness, medio-lateral (ML) width, and cross-sectional area (CSA) in relation to the severity of hallux valgus using musculoskeletal ultrasound. One hundred and two feet, mean (SD) age of 60.3 (20.54) years old, displaying varying severities of hallux valgus were stratified into four groups representing the four grades of the Manchester Scale (grade 0: no deformity, grade 1: mild deformity, grade 2: moderate deformity and grade 3: severe deformity).

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Analysis of variance , Cross-sectional Studies , Female , Foot , Hallux Valgus , Humans , Male , Middle aged , Muscle , Skeletal , Predictive value of tests , Severity of illness index
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013, 14:45
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© 2013 Stewart et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.