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dc.contributor.advisorAppel, Stephen
dc.contributor.advisorO'Connor, John
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Jyoti
dc.date.accessioned2014-05-22T22:07:47Z
dc.date.available2014-05-22T22:07:47Z
dc.date.copyright2013
dc.date.created2014
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/7221
dc.description.abstractThis research project assesses the relevance of attachment theory to the work of therapeutic communities for addictions. It critically reviews the literature on attachment theory and addictions, and on therapeutic communities for addictions, and builds bridges between the two areas. Associations between insecure attachment and addictions have been demonstrated and progress has been made in clarifying which attachment styles are most associated with addiction and why. However, attachment theory has not been comprehensively applied to therapeutic communities for addictions despite the likelihood that most, if not all, their residents are insecurely attached. Six clinical guidelines have been developed on the basis of the findings of this review to summarise how a therapeutic community could encourage the development of secure attachment: • Respond flexibly to residents in recognition of their attachment needs, for example, negative feedback and sanctions are tailored to be therapeutic for each individual. • Support senior residents and staff to recognise and respond to attachment needs. • Create an experience of at least some aspects of a secure base for staff and residents, for example, senior colleagues/residents should be available and reliable. • Create rules and boundaries to provide containment but ensure they are not so rigid as to be overly controlling or protective. • Enhance mentalization by ensuring residents are provided with clear information on the values, norms, and standards of the therapeutic community. • Leaven the intensity of the therapeutic community to help residents and staff maintain mentalization, for example, through humour, games, creative expression, celebrations, etc.en_NZ
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherAuckland University of Technology
dc.subjectAddictionen_NZ
dc.subjectTherapeutic communitiesen_NZ
dc.subjectAttachment theoryen_NZ
dc.subjectCritical literature reviewen_NZ
dc.subjectClinical guidelinesen_NZ
dc.subjectMentalization-based therapyen_NZ
dc.titleExploring the relevance of attachment theory to therapeutic communities for addictions: a critical review of the literatureen_NZ
dc.typeDissertation
thesis.degree.grantorAuckland University of Technology
thesis.degree.levelMasters Dissertations
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Psychotherapyen_NZ
thesis.degree.discipline
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccess
dc.date.updated2014-05-22T02:55:40Z


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