Before and beyond the great financial crisis: men and education, labour market and well-being trends and issues in New Zealand
This paper provides an overview of a research area which has generated limited research or impact on public policy: men and their educational, labour market and well-being issues and trends in New Zealand. Males have had lower levels of educational achievements than women across primary, intermediate and secondary schools and this has become a long-term embedded pattern. This has subsequently influenced tertiary education where the current dearth of domestic male students has become noticeable in several fields (including some concerning ethnicity patterns). The labour market trends have recorded two rather contradictory patterns: on one hand, some traditional occupational and industry gender patterns have been remarkable slow to change while other gender patterns – particular in service and professional occupations - have recorded a dramatic transformation in recent decades. Finally, male well-being and particular well-being amongst younger males need to become a public policy concern with their high rates of suicide, incarceration and work-related deaths and sickness.