External and internal influences on R&D alliance formation: evidence from German SMEs

Mukherjee, D
Gaur, AS
Gaur, SS
Schmid, F
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Journal Article
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Relying on relational capital theory and transaction cost economics (TCE), this study identifies factors that impede or promote alliance formation in small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Environmental uncertainty and knowledge intensity impede firms’ R&D alliance formation; the focal firm’s overall trust in partners enhances alliance formation. Trust interacts positively with environmental uncertainty and knowledge intensity to affect alliance formation in SMEs. The findings reflect data from a longitudinal sample of 854 German SMEs, captured over eight years from 1999 to 2007.

Trust , Knowledge intensity , Environmental uncertainty , Alliance , R&D , SMEs
Journal of Business Research. Volume 66, Issue 11, November 2013, Pages 2178–2185
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Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in (see Citation). Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. The definitive version was published in (see Citation). The original publication is available at (see Publisher's Version).