• The burden of cardiovascular diseases among US states, 1990-2016

      Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases Collaboration; Roth, GA; Johnson, CO; Abate, KH; Abd-Allah, F; Ahmed, M; Alam, K; Alam, T; Alvis-Guzman, N; Ansari, H; Ärnlöv, J; Atey, TM; Awasthi, A; Awoke, T; Barac, A; Bärnighausen, T; Bedi, N; Bennett, D; Bensenor, I; Biadgilign, S; Castañeda-Orjuela, C; Catalá-López, F; Davletov, K; Dharmaratne, S; Ding, EL; Dubey, M; Faraon, EJA; Farid, T; Farvid, MS; Feigin, V; Fernandes, J; Frostad, J; Gebru, A; Geleijnse, JM; Gona, PN; Griswold, M; Hailu, GB; Hankey, GJ; Hassen, HY; Havmoeller, R; Hay, S; Heckbert, SR; Irvine, CMS; James, SL; Jara, D; Kasaeian, A; Khan, AR; Khera, S; Khoja, AT; Khubchandani, J; Kim, D; Kolte, D; Lal, D; Larsson, A; Linn, S; Lotufo, PA; Magdy Abd El Razek, H; Mazidi, M; Meier, T; Mendoza, W; Mensah, GA; Meretoja, A; Mezgebe, HB; Mirrakhimov, E; Mohammed, S; Moran, AE; Nguyen, G; Nguyen, M; Ong, KL; Owolabi, M; Pletcher, M; Pourmalek, F; Purcell, CA; Qorbani, M; Rahman, M; Rai, RK; Ram, U; Reitsma, MB; Renzaho, AMN; Rios-Blancas, MJ; Safiri, S; Salomon, JA; Sartorius, B; Sepanlou, SG; Shaikh, MA; Silva, D; Stranges, S; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R; Tadele Atnafu, N; Thakur, JS; Topor-Madry, R; Truelsen, T; Tuzcu, EM; Tyrovolas, S; Ukwaja, KN; Vasankari, T; Vlassov, V; Vollset, SE; Wakayo, T; Weintraub, R; Wolfe, C; Workicho, A; Xu, G; Yadgir, S; Yano, Y; Yip, P; Yonemoto, N; Younis, M; Yu, C; Zaidi, Z; Zaki, MES; Zipkin, B; Afshin, A; Gakidou, E; Lim, SS; Mokdad, AH; Naghavi, M; Vos, T; Murray, CJL (American Medical Association, 2018)
      Importance: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, but regional variation within the United States is large. Comparable and consistent state-level measures of total CVD burden and ...
    • Estimating Global Injuries Morbidity and Mortality: Methods and Data Used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study

      James, SL; Castle, CD; Dingels, ZV; Fox, JT; Hamilton, EB; Liu, Z; Roberts, NLS; Sylte, DO; Bertolacci, GJ; Cunningham, M; Henry, NJ; LeGrand, KE; Abdelalim, A; Abdollahpour, I; Abdulkader, RS; Abedi, A; Abegaz, KH; Abosetugn, AE; Abushouk, AI; Adebayo, OM; Adsuar, JC; Advani, SM; Agudelo-Botero, M; Ahmad, T; Ahmed, MB; Ahmed, R; Eddine Aichour, MT; Alahdab, F; Alanezi, FM; Alema, NM; Alemu, BW; Alghnam, SA; Ali, BA; Ali, S; Alinia, C; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Almasri, NA; Altirkawi, K; Abdeldayem Amer, YS; Andrei, CL; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; T Antonio, CA; Anvari, D; Yaw Appiah, SC; Arabloo, J; Arab-Zozani, M; Arefi, Z; Aremu, O; Ariani, F; Arora, A; Asaad, M; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayano, G; Ayanore, MA; Azarian, G; Badawi, A; Badiye, AD; Baig, AA; Bairwa, M; Bakhtiari, A; Balachandran, A; Banach, M; Banerjee, SK; Banik, PC; Banstola, A; Barker-Collo, SL; Bärnighausen, TW; Barzegar, A; Bayati, M; Bazargan-Hejazi, S; Bedi, N; Behzadifar, M; Belete, H; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berhe, K; Bhagavathula, AS; Bhardwaj, P; Bhat, AG; Bhattacharyya, K; Bhutta, ZA; Bibi, S; Bijani, A; Boloor, A; Borges, G; Borschmann, R; Borzì, AM; Boufous, S; Braithwaite, D; Briko, NI; Brugha, T; Budhathoki, SS; Car, J; Cárdenas, R; Carvalho, F; Castaldelli-Maia, JM; Castañeda-Orjuela, CA; Castelpietra, G; Catalá-López, F; Cerin, E; Chandan, JS; Chapman, JR; Chattu, VK; Chattu, SK; Chatziralli, I; Chaudhary, N; Cho, DY; Choi, J-YJ; Kabir Chowdhury, MA; Christopher, DJ; Chu, D-T; Cicuttini, FM; Coelho, JM; Costa, VM; Dahlawi, SMA; Daryani, A; Dávila-Cervantes, CA; Leo, DD; Demeke, FM; Demoz, GT; Demsie, DG; Deribe, K; Desai, R; Nasab, MD; Silva, DDD; Dibaji Forooshani, ZS; Do, HT; Doyle, KE; Driscoll, TR; Dubljanin, E; Adema, BD; Eagan, AW; Elemineh, DA; El-Jaafary, SI; El-Khatib, Z; Ellingsen, CL; Zaki, MES; Eskandarieh, S; Eyawo, O; Faris, PS; Faro, A; Farzadfar, F; Fereshtehnejad, S-M; Fernandes, E; Ferrara, P; Fischer, F; Folayan, MO; Fomenkov, AA; Foroutan, M; Francis, JM; Franklin, RC; Fukumoto, T; Geberemariyam, BS; Gebremariam, H; Gebremedhin, KB; Gebremeskel, LG; Gebremeskel, GG; Gebremichael, B; Gedefaw, GA; Geta, B; Getenet, AB; Ghafourifard, M; Ghamari, F; Gheshlagh, RG; Gholamian, A; Gilani, SA; Gill, TK; Goudarzian, AH; Goulart, AC; Grada, A; Grivna, M; Guimarães, RA; Guo, Y; Gupta, G; Haagsma, JA; Hall, BJ; Hamadeh, RR; Hamidi, S; Handiso, DW; Haro, JM; Hasanzadeh, A; Hassan, S; Hassanipour, S; Hassankhani, H; Hassen, HY; Havmoeller, R; Hendrie, D; Heydarpour, F; Híjar, M; Ho, HC; Hoang, CL; Hole, MK; Holla, R; Hossain, N; Hosseinzadeh, M; Hostiuc, S; Hu, G; Ibitoye, SE; Ilesanmi, OS; Inbaraj, LR; Naghibi Irvani, SS; Mofizul Islam, M; Shariful Islam, SM; Ivers, RQ; Jahani, MA; Jakovljevic, M; Jalilian, F; Jayaraman, S; Jayatilleke, AU; Jha, RP; John-Akinola, YO; Jonas, JB; Jones, KM; Joseph, N; Joukar, F; Jozwiak, JJ; Jungari, SB; Jürisson, M; Kabir, A; Kahsay, A; Kalankesh, LR; Kalhor, R; Kamil, TA; Kanchan, T; Kapoor, N; Karami, M; Kasaeian, A; Kassaye, HG; Kavetskyy, T; Kayode, GA; Keiyoro, PN; Kelbore, AG; Khader, YS; Khafaie, MA; Khalid, N; Khalil, IA; Khalilov, R; Khan, M; Khan, EA; Khan, J; Khanna, T; Khazaei, S; Khazaie, H; Khundkar, R; Kiirithio, DN; Kim, Y-E; Kim, YJ; Kim, D; Kisa, S; Kisa, A; Komaki, H; Kondlahalli, SKM; Koolivand, A; Korshunov, VA; Koyanagi, A; Kraemer, MUG; Krishan, K; Defo, BK; Bicer, BK; Kugbey, N; Kumar, N; Kumar, M; Kumar, V; Kumar, N; Kumaresh, G; Lami, FH; Lansingh, VC; Lasrado, S; Latifi, A; Lauriola, P; Vecchia, CL; Leasher, JL; Huey Lee, SW; Li, S; Liu, X; Lopez, AD; Lotufo, PA; Lyons, RA; Machado, DB; Madadin, M; Abd El Razek, MM; Mahotra, NB; Majdan, M; Majeed, A; Maled, V; Malta, DC; Manafi, N; Manafi, A; Manda, A-L; Manjunatha, N; Mansour-Ghanaei, F; Mansournia, MA; Maravilla, JC; Mason-Jones, AJ; Masoumi, SZ; Massenburg, BB; Maulik, PK; Mehndiratta, MM; Melketsedik, ZA; Memiah, PTN; Mendoza, W; Menezes, RG; Mengesha, MM; Meretoja, TJ; Meretoja, A; Merie, HE; Mestrovic, T; Miazgowski, B; Miazgowski, T; Miller, TR; Mini, GK; Mirica, A; Mirrakhimov, EM; Mirzaei-Alavijeh, M; Mithra, P; Moazen, B; Moghadaszadeh, M; Mohamadi, E; Mohammad, Y; Darwesh, AM; Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A; Mohammadpourhodki, R; Mohammed, S; Mohammed, JA; Mohebi, F; Mohseni Bandpei, MA; Molokhia, M; Monasta, L; Moodley, Y; Moradi, M; Moradi, G; Moradi-Lakeh, M; Moradzadeh, R; Morawska, L; Velásquez, IM; Morrison, SD; Mossie, TB; Muluneh, AG; Musa, KI; Mustafa, G; Naderi, M; Nagarajan, AJ; Naik, G; Naimzada, MD; Najafi, F; Nangia, V; Nascimento, BR; Naserbakht, M; Nayak, V; Nazari, J; Ndwandwe, DE; Negoi, I; Ngunjiri, JW; Nguyen, TH; Nguyen, CT; Nguyen, DN; Thi Nguyen, HL; Nikbakhsh, R; Anggraini Ningrum, DN; Nnaji, CA; Ofori-Asenso, R; Ogbo, FA; Oghenetega, OB; Oh, I-H; Olagunju, AT; Olagunju, TO; Bali, AO; Onwujekwe, OE; Orpana, HM; Ota, E; Otstavnov, N; Otstavnov, SS; P A, M; Padubidri, JR; Pakhale, S; Pakshir, K; Panda-Jonas, S; Park, E-K; Patel, SK; Pathak, A; Pati, S; Paulos, K; Peden, AE; Filipino Pepito, VC; Pereira, J; Phillips, MR; Polibin, RV; Polinder, S; Pourmalek, F; Pourshams, A; Poustchi, H; Prakash, S; Angga Pribadi, DR; Puri, P; Syed, ZQ; Rabiee, N; Rabiee, M; Radfar, A; Rafay, A; Rafiee, A; Rafiei, A; Rahim, F; Rahimi, S; Rahman, MA; Rajabpour-Sanati, A; Rajati, F; Rakovac, I; Rao, SJ; Rashedi, V; Rastogi, P; Rathi, P; Rawaf, S; Rawal, L; Rawassizadeh, R; Renjith, V; Resnikoff, S; Rezapour, A; Ribeiro, AI; Rickard, J; Rios González, CM; Roever, L; Ronfani, L; Roshandel, G; Saddik, B; Safarpour, H; Safdarian, M; Mohammad Sajadi, S; Salamati, P; Rashad Salem, MR; Salem, H; Salz, I; Samy, AM; Sanabria, J; Riera, LS; Santric Milicevic, MM; Sarker, AR; Sarveazad, A; Sathian, B; Sawhney, M; Sayyah, M; Schwebel, DC; Seedat, S; Senthilkumaran, S; Seyedmousavi, S; Sha, F; Shaahmadi, F; Shahabi, S; Shaikh, MA; Shams-Beyranvand, M; Sheikh, A; Shigematsu, M; Shin, JI; Shiri, R; Siabani, S; Sigfusdottir, ID; Singh, JA; Singh, PK; Sinha, DN; Soheili, A; Soriano, JB; Sorrie, MB; Soyiri, IN; Stokes, MA; Sufiyan, MB; Sykes, BL; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R; Tabb, KM; Taddele, BW; Tefera, YM; Tehrani-Banihashemi, A; Tekulu, GH; Tesema Tesema, AK; Tesfay, BE; Thapar, R; Titova, MV; Tlaye, KG; Tohidinik, HR; Topor-Madry, R; Tran, KB; Tran, BX; Tripathy, JP; Tsai, AC; Tsatsakis, A; Car, LT; Ullah, I; Ullah, S; Unnikrishnan, B; Upadhyay, E; Uthman, OA; Valdez, PR; Vasankari, TJ; Veisani, Y; Venketasubramanian, N; Violante, FS; Vlassov, V; Waheed, Y; Wang, Y-P; Wiangkham, T; Wolde, HF; Woldeyes, DH; Wondmeneh, TG; Wondmieneh, AB; Wu, A-M; Wyper, GMA; Yadav, R; Yadollahpour, A; Yano, Y; Yaya, S; Yazdi-Feyzabadi, V; Ye, P; Yip, P; Yisma, E; Yonemoto, N; Yoon, S-J; Youm, Y; Younis, MZ; Yousefi, Z; Yu, C; Yu, Y; Moghadam, TZ; Zaidi, Z; Zaman, SB; Zamani, M; Zandian, H; Zarei, F; Zhang, Z-J; Zhang, Y; Ziapour, A; Zodpey, S; Dandona, R; Dharmaratne, SD; Hay, SI; Mokdad, AH; Pigott, DM; Reiner, RC; Vos, T (BMJ Publishing Group, 2020)
      BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates ...
    • Global, Regional, and Country-specific Lifetime Risks of Stroke, 1990 and 2016

      GBD 2016 Lifetime Risk of Stroke Collaborators; Feigin, VL; Nguyen, G; Cercy, K; Johnson, CO; Alam, T; Parmar, PG; Abajobir, AA; Abate, KH; Abd-Allah, F; Abejie, AN; Abyu, GY; Ademi, Z; Agarwal, G; Ahmed, MB; Akinyemi, RO; Al-Raddadi, R; Aminde, LN; Amlie-Lefond, C; Ansari, H; Asayesh, H; Asgedom, SW; Atey, TM; Ayele, HT; Banach, M; Banerjee, A; Barac, A; Barker-Collo, SL; Bärnighausen, T; Barregard, L; Basu, S; Bedi, N; Behzadifar, M; Béjot, Y; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berhe, DF; Boneya, DJ; Brainin, M; Campos-Nonato, IR; Caso, V; Castañeda-Orjuela, CA; Rivas, JC; Catalá-López, F; Christensen, H; Criqui, MH; Damasceno, A; Dandona, L; Dandona, R; Davletov, K; de Courten, B; deVeber, G; Dokova, K; Edessa, D; Endres, M; Faraon, EJA; Farvid, MS; Fischer, F; Foreman, K; Forouzanfar, MH; Gall, SL; Gebrehiwot, TT; Geleijnse, JM; Gillum, RF; Giroud, M; Goulart, AC; Gupta, R; Gupta, R; Hachinski, V; Hamadeh, RR; Hankey, GJ; Hareri, HA; Havmoeller, R; Hay, SI; Hegazy, MI; Hibstu, DT; James, SL; Jeemon, P; John, D; Jonas, JB; Jóźwiak, J; Kalani, R; Kandel, A; Kasaeian, A; Kengne, AP; Khader, YS; Khan, AR; Khang, Y-H; Khubchandani, J; Kim, D; Kim, YJ; Kivimaki, M; Kokubo, Y; Kolte, D; Kopec, JA; Kosen, S; Kravchenko, M; Krishnamurthi, R; Kumar, GA; Lafranconi, A; Lavados, PM; Legesse, Y; Li, Y; Liang, X; Lo, WD; Lorkowski, S; Lotufo, PA; Loy, CT; Mackay, MT; Abd El Razek, HM; Mahdavi, M; Majeed, A; Malekzadeh, R; Malta, DC; Mamun, AA; Mantovani, LG; Martins, SCO; Mate, KK; Mazidi, M; Mehata, S; Meier, T; Melaku, YA; Mendoza, W; Mensah, GA; Meretoja, A; Mezgebe, HB; Miazgowski, T; Miller, TR; Ibrahim, NM; Mohammed, S; Mokdad, AH; Moosazadeh, M; Moran, AE; Musa, KI; Negoi, RI; Nguyen, M; Nguyen, QL; Nguyen, TH; Tran, TT; Nguyen, TT; Anggraini Ningrum, DN; Norrving, B; Noubiap, JJ; O’Donnell, MJ; Olagunju, AT; Onuma, OK; Owolabi, MO; Parsaeian, M; Patton, GC; Piradov, M; Pletcher, MA; Pourmalek, F; Prakash, V; Qorbani, M; Rahman, M; Rahman, MA; Rai, RK; Ranta, A; Rawaf, D; Rawaf, S; Renzaho, AMN; Robinson, SR; Sahathevan, R; Sahebkar, A; Salomon, JA; Santalucia, P; Santos, IS; Sartorius, B; Schutte, AE; Sepanlou, SG; Shafieesabet, A; Shaikh, MA; Shamsizadeh, M; Sheth, KN; Sisay, M; Shin, M-J; Shiue, I; Silva, DAS; Sobngwi, E; Soljak, M; Sorensen, RJD; Sposato, LA; Stranges, S; Suliankatchi, RA; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R; Tanne, D; Nguyen, CT; Thakur, JS; Thrift, AG; Tirschwell, DL; Topor-Madry, R; Tran, BX; Nguyen, LT; Truelsen, T; Tsilimparis, N; Tyrovolas, S; Ukwaja, KN; Uthman, OA; Varakin, Y; Vasankari, T; Venketasubramanian, N; Vlassov, VV; Wang, W; Werdecker, A; Wolfe, CDA; Xu, G; Yano, Y; Yonemoto, N; Yu, C; Zaidi, Z; El Sayed Zaki, M; Zhou, M; Ziaeian, B; Zipkin, B; Vos, T; Naghavi, M; Murray, CJL; Roth, GA (Massachusetts Medical Society, 2018)
      BACKGROUND: The lifetime risk of stroke has been calculated in a limited number of selected populations. We sought to estimate the lifetime risk of stroke at the regional, country, and global level using data from a ...
    • Global, Regional, and National Burden of Neurological Disorders During 1990-2015: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

      Feigin, VL; Abajobir, AA; Abate, KH; Abd-Allah, F; Abdulle, AM; Abera, SF; Abyu, GY; Ahmed, MB; Aichour, AN; Aichour, I; Aichour, MTE; Akinyemi, RO; Alabed, S; Al-Raddadi, R; Alvis-Guzman, N; Amare, AT; Ansari, H; Anwari, P; Arnlov, J; Asayesh, H; Asgedom, SW; Atey, TM; Avila-Burgos, L; Avokpaho, EFGA; Azarpazhooh, MR; Barac, A; Barboza, M; Barker-Collo, SL; Baernighausen, T; Bedi, N; Beghi, E; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berhane, A; Betsu, BD; Bhaumik, S; Birlik, SM; Biryukov, S; Boneya, DJ; Bulto, LN; Carabin, H; Casey, D; Castaneda-Orjuela, CA; Catala-Lopez, F; Chen, H; Chitheer, AA; Chowdhury, R; Christensen, H; Dandona, L; Dandona, R; deVeber, GA; Dharmaratne, SD; Do, HP; Dokova, K; Dorsey, ER; Ellenbogen, RG; Eskandarieh, S; Farvid, MS; Fereshtehnejad, S-M; Fischer, F; Foreman, KJ; Geleijnse, JM; Gillum, RF; Giussani, G; Goldberg, EM; Gona, PN; Goulart, AC; Gugnani, HC; Gupta, R; Gupta, R; Hachinski, V; Hamadeh, RR; Hambisa, M; Hankey, GJ; Hareri, HA; Havmoeller, R; Hay, SI; Heydarpour, P; Hotez, PJ; Jakovljevic, MMB; Javanbakht, M; Jeemon, P; Jonas, JB; Kalkonde, Y; Kandel, A; Karch, A; Kasaeian, A; Kastor, A; Keiyoro, PN; Khader, YS; Khalil, IA; Khan, EA; Khang, Y-H; Khoja, AT; Khubchandani, J; Kulkarni, C; Kim, D; Kim, YJ; Kivimaki, M; Kokubo, Y; Kosen, S; Kravchenko, M; Krishnamurthi, RV; Defo, BK; Kumar, GA; Kumar, R; Kyu, HH; Larsson, A; Lavados, PM; Li, Y; Liang, X; Liben, ML; Lo, WD; Logroscino, G; Lotufo, PA; Loy, CT; Mackay, MT; Abd El Razek, HM; Abd El Razek, MM; Majeed, A; Malekzadeh, R; Manhertz, T; Mantovani, LG; Massano, J; Mazidi, M; McAlinden, C; Mehata, S; Mehndiratta, MM; Memish, ZA; Mendoza, W; Mengistie, MA; Mensah, GA; Meretoja, A; Mezgebe, HB; Miller, TR; Mishra, SR; Ibrahim, NM; Mohammadi, A; Mohammed, KE; Mohammed, S; Mokdad, AH; Moradi-Lakeh, M; Velasquez, IM; Musa, KI; Naghavi, M; Ngunjiri, JW; Nguyen, CT; Nguyen, G; Nguyen, QL; Nguyen, TH; Nichols, E; Ningrum, DN; Nong, VM; Norrving, B; Noubiap, JJN; Ogbo, FA; Owolabi, MO; Pandian, JD; Parmar, PG; Pereira, DM; Petzold, M; Phillips, MR; Piradov, MA; Poulton, RG; Pourmalek, F; Qorbani, M; Rafay, A; Rahman, M; Rahman, MH; Rai, RK; Rajsic, S; Ranta, A; Rawaf, S; Renzaho, AMN; Rezai, MS; Roth, GA; Roshandel, G; Rubagotti, E; Sachdev, P; Safiri, S; Sahathevan, R; Sahraian, MA; Samy, AM; Santalucia, P; Santos, IS; Sartorius, B; Satpathy, M; Sawhney, M; Saylan, MI; Sepanlou, SG; Shaikh, MA; Shakir, R; Shamsizadeh, M; Sheth, KN; Shigematsu, M; Shoman, H; Silva, DA; Smith, M; Sobngwi, E; Sposato, LA; Stanaway, JD; Stein, DJ; Steiner, TJ; Stovner, LJ; Abdulkader, RS; Szoeke, CEI; Tabares-Seisdedos, R; Tanne, D; Theadom, AM; Thrift, AG; Tirschwell, DL; Topor-Madry, R; Tran, BX; Truelsen, T; Tuem, KB; Ukwaja, KN; Uthman, OA; Varakin, YY; Vasankari, T; Venketasubramanian, N; Vlassov, VV; Wadilo, F; Wakayo, T; Wallin, MT; Weiderpass, E; Westerman, R; Wijeratne, T; Wiysonge, CS; Woldu, MA; Wolfe, CDA; Xavier, D; Xu, G; Yano, Y; Yimam, HH; Yonemoto, N; Yu, C; Zaidi, Z; Zaki, MES; Zunt, JR; Murray, CJL; Vos, T; Disorders, GBDN (Elsevier, 2017)
      Background Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and ...