• Global and Regional Mortality From 235 Causes of Death for 20 Age Groups in 1990 and 2010: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

      Lozano, R; Naghavi, M; Foreman, K; Lim, S; Shibuya, K; Aboyans, V; Abraham, J; Adair, T; Aggarwal, R; Ahn, SY; Alvarado, M; Anderson, HR; Anderson, LM; Andrews, KG; Atkinson, C; Baddour, LM; Barker-Collo, S; Bartels, DH; Bell, ML; Benjamin, EJ; Bennett, D; Bhalla, K; Bikbov, B; Bin Abdulhak, A; Birbeck, G; Blyth, F; Bolliger, I; Boufous, S; Bucello, C; Burch, M; Burney, P; Carapetis, J; Chen, H; Chou, D; Chugh, SS; Coffeng, LE; Colan, SD; Colquhoun, S; Colson, KE; Condon, J; Connor, MD; Cooper, LT; Corriere, M; Cortinovis, M; de Vaccaro, KC; Couser, W; Cowie, BC; Criqui, MH; Cross, M; Dabhadkar, KC; Dahodwala, N; De Leo, D; Degenhardt, L; Delossantos, A; Denenberg, J; Des Jarlais, DC; Dharmaratne, SD; Dorsey, ER; Driscoll, T; Duber, H; Ebel, B; Erwin, PJ; Espindola, P; Ezzati, M; Feigin, V; Flaxman, AD; Forouzanfar, MH; Fowkes, FG; Franklin, R; Fransen, M; Freeman, MK; Gabriel, SE; Gakidou, E; Gaspari, F; Gillum, RF; Gonzalez-Medina, D; Halasa, YA; Haring, D; Harrison, JE; Havmoeller, R; Hay, RJ; Hoen, B; Hotez, PJ; Hoy, D; Jacobsen, KH; James, SL; Jasrasaria, R; Jayaraman, S; Johns, N; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, N; Keren, A; Khoo, JP; Knowlton, LM; Kobusingye, O; Koranteng, A; Krishnamurthi, R; Lipnick, M; Lipshultz, SE; Ohno, SL; Mabweijano, J; MacIntyre, MF; Mallinger, L; March, L; Marks, GB; Marks, R; Matsumori, A; Matzopoulos, R; Mayosi, BM; McAnulty, JH; McDermott, MM; McGrath, J; Mensah, GA; Merriman, TR; Michaud, C; Miller, M; Miller, TR; Mock, C; Mocumbi, AO; Mokdad, AA; Moran, A; Mulholland, K; Nair, MN; Naldi, L; Narayan, KM; Nasseri, K; Norman, P; O'Donnell, M; Omer, SB; Ortblad, K; Osborne, R; Ozgediz, D; Pahari, B; Pandian, JD; Rivero, AP; Padilla, RP; Perez-Ruiz, F; Perico, N; Phillips, D; Pierce, K; Pope, CA; Porrini, E; Pourmalek, F; Raju, M; Ranganathan, D; Rehm, JT; Rein, DB; Remuzzi, G; Rivara, FP; Roberts, T; De León, FR; Rosenfeld, LC; Rushton, L; Sacco, RL; Salomon, JA; Sampson, U; Sanman, E; Schwebel, DC; Segui-Gomez, M; Shepard, DS; Singh, D; Singleton, J; Sliwa, K; Smith, E; Steer, A; Taylor, JA; Thomas, B; Tleyjeh, IM; Towbin, JA; Truelsen, T; Undurraga, EA; Venketasubramanian, N; Vijayakumar, L; Vos, T; Wagner, GR; Wang, M; Wang, W; Watt, K; Weinstock, MA; Weintraub, R; Wilkinson, JD; Woolf, AD; Wulf, S; Yeh, PH; Yip, P; Zabetian, A; Zheng, ZJ; Lopez, AD; Murray, CJ (Elsevier, 2013)
      Background Reliable and timely information on the leading causes of death in populations, and how these are changing, is a crucial input into health policy debates. In the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk ...
    • Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study

      Roth, GA; Mensah, GA; Johnson, CO; Addolorato, G; Ammirati, E; Baddour, LM; Barengo, NC; Beaton, AZ; Benjamin, EJ; Benziger, CP; Bonny, A; Brauer, M; Brodmann, M; Cahill, TJ; Carapetis, J; Catapano, AL; Chugh, SS; Cooper, LT; Coresh, J; Criqui, M; DeCleene, N; Eagle, KA; Emmons-Bell, S; Feigin, VL; Fernández-Solà, J; Fowkes, G; Gakidou, E; Grundy, SM; He, FJ; Howard, G; Hu, F; Inker, L; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, N; Koroshetz, W; Lavie, C; Lloyd-Jones, D; Lu, HS; Mirijello, A; Temesgen, AM; Mokdad, A; Moran, AE; Muntner, P; Narula, J; Neal, B; Ntsekhe, M; Moraes de Oliveira, G; Otto, C; Owolabi, M; Pratt, M; Rajagopalan, S; Reitsma, M; Ribeiro, ALP; Rigotti, N; Rodgers, A; Sable, C; Shakil, S; Sliwa-Hahnle, K; Stark, B; Sundström, J; Timpel, P; Tleyjeh, IM; Valgimigli, M; Vos, T; Whelton, PK; Yacoub, M; Zuhlke, L; Murray, C; Fuster, V; Roth, GA; Mensah, GA; Johnson, CO; Addolorato, G; Ammirati, E; Baddour, LM; Barengo, NC; Beaton, A; Benjamin, EJ; Benziger, CP; Bonny, A; Brauer, M; Brodmann, M; Cahill, TJ; Carapetis, JR; Catapano, AL; Chugh, S; Cooper, LT; Coresh, J; Criqui, MH; DeCleene, NK; Eagle, KA; Emmons-Bell, S; Feigin, VL; Fernández-Sola, J; Fowkes, FGR; Gakidou, E; Grundy, SM; He, FJ; Howard, G; Hu, F; Inker, L; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, NJ; Koroshetz, WJ; Lavie, C; Lloyd-Jones, D; Lu, HS; Mirijello, A; Misganaw, AT; Mokdad, AH; Moran, AE; Muntner, P; Narula, J; Neal, B; Ntsekhe, M; Oliveira, GMM; Otto, CM; Owolabi, MO; Pratt, M; Rajagopalan, S; Reitsma, MB; Ribeiro, ALP; Rigotti, NA; Rodgers, A; Sable, CA; Shakil, SS; Sliwa, K; Stark, BA; Sundström, J; Timpel, P; Tleyjeh, II; Valgimigli, M; Vos, T; Whelton, PK; Yacoub, M; Zuhlke, LJ; Abbasi-Kangevari, M; Abdi, A; Abedi, A; Aboyans, V; Abrha, WA; Abu-Gharbieh, E; Abushouk, AI; Acharya, D; Adair, T; Adebayo, OM; Ademi, Z; Advani, SM; Afshari, K; Afshin, A; Agarwal, G; Agasthi, P; Ahmad, S; Ahmadi, S; Ahmed, MB; Aji, B; Akalu, Y; Akande-Sholabi, W; Aklilu, A; Akunna, CJ; Alahdab, F; Al-Eyadhy, A; Alhabib, KF; Alif, SM; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Alla, F; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Almustanyir, S; Al-Raddadi, RM; Amegah, AK; Amini, S; Aminorroaya, A; Amu, H; Amugsi, DA; Ancuceanu, R; Anderlini, D; Andrei, T; Andrei, CL; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; Anteneh, ZA; Antonazzo, IC; Antony, B; Anwer, R; Appiah, LT; Arabloo, J; Ärnlöv, J; Artanti, KD; Ataro, Z; Ausloos, M; Avila-Burgos, L; Awan, AT; Awoke, MA; Ayele, HT; Ayza, MA; Azari, S; B, DB; Baheiraei, N; Baig, AA; Bakhtiari, A; Banach, M; Banik, PC; Baptista, EA; Barboza, MA; Barua, L; Basu, S; Bedi, N; Béjot, Y; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berman, AE; Bezabih, YM; Bhagavathula, AS; Bhaskar, S; Bhattacharyya, K; Bijani, A; Bikbov, B; Birhanu, MM; Boloor, A; Brant, LC; Brenner, H; Briko, NI; Butt, ZA; Caetano dos Santos, FL; Cahill, LE; Cahuana-Hurtado, L; Cámera, LA; Campos-Nonato, IR; Cantu-Brito, C; Car, J; Carrero, JJ; Carvalho, F; Castañeda-Orjuela, CA; Catalá-López, F; Cerin, E; Charan, J; Chattu, VK; Chen, S; Chin, KL; Choi, J-YJ; Chu, D-T; Chung, S-C; Cirillo, M; Coffey, S; Conti, S; Costa, VM; Cundiff, DK; Dadras, O; Dagnew, B; Dai, X; Damasceno, AAM; Dandona, L; Dandona, R; Davletov, K; De la Cruz-Góngora, V; De la Hoz, FP; De Neve, J-W; Denova-Gutiérrez, E; Derbew Molla, M; Derseh, BT; Desai, R; Deuschl, G; Dharmaratne, SD; Dhimal, M; Dhungana, RR; Dianatinasab, M; Diaz, D; Djalalinia, S; Dokova, K; Douiri, A; Duncan, BB; Duraes, AR; Eagan, AW; Ebtehaj, S; Eftekhari, A; Eftekharzadeh, S; Ekholuenetale, M; El Nahas, N; Elgendy, IY; Elhadi, M; El-Jaafary, SI; Esteghamati, S; Etisso, AE; Eyawo, O; Fadhil, I; Faraon, EJA; Faris, PS; Farwati, M; Farzadfar, F; Fernandes, E; Fernandez Prendes, C; Ferrara, P; Filip, I; Fischer, F; Flood, D; Fukumoto, T; Gad, MM; Gaidhane, S; Ganji, M; Garg, J; Gebre, AK; Gebregiorgis, BG; Gebregzabiher, KZ; Gebremeskel, GG; Getacher, L; Obsa, AG; Ghajar, A; Ghashghaee, A; Ghith, N; Giampaoli, S; Gilani, SA; Gill, PS; Gillum, RF; Glushkova, EV; Gnedovskaya, EV; Golechha, M; Gonfa, KB; Goudarzian, AH; Goulart, AC; Guadamuz, JS; Guha, A; Guo, Y; Gupta, R; Hachinski, V; Hafezi-Nejad, N; Haile, TG; Hamadeh, RR; Hamidi, S; Hankey, GJ; Hargono, A; Hartono, RK; Hashemian, M; Hashi, A; Hassan, S; Hassen, HY; Havmoeller, RJ; Hay, SI; Hayat, K; Heidari, G; Herteliu, C; Holla, R; Hosseini, M; Hosseinzadeh, M; Hostiuc, M; Hostiuc, S; Househ, M; Huang, J; Humayun, A; Iavicoli, I; Ibeneme, CU; Ibitoye, SE; Ilesanmi, OS; Ilic, IM; Ilic, MD; Iqbal, U; Irvani, SSN; Islam, SMS; Islam, RM; Iso, H; Iwagami, M; Jain, V; Javaheri, T; Jayapal, SK; Jayaram, S; Jayawardena, R; Jeemon, P; Jha, RP; Jonas, JB; Jonnagaddala, J; Joukar, F; Jozwiak, JJ; Jürisson, M; Kabir, A; Kahlon, T; Kalani, R; Kalhor, R; Kamath, A; Kamel, I; Kandel, H; Kandel, A; Karch, A; Kasa, AS; Katoto, PDMC; Kayode, GA; Khader, YS; Khammarnia, M; Khan, MS; Khan, MN; Khan, M; Khan, EA; Khatab, K; Kibria, GMA; Kim, YJ; Kim, GR; Kimokoti, RW; Kisa, S; Kisa, A; Kivimäki, M; Kolte, D; Koolivand, A; Korshunov, VA; Koulmane Laxminarayana, SL; Koyanagi, A; Krishan, K; Krishnamoorthy, V; Kuate Defo, B; Kucuk Bicer, B; Kulkarni, V; Kumar, GA; Kumar, N; Kurmi, OP; Kusuma, D; Kwan, GF; La Vecchia, C; Lacey, B; Lallukka, T; Lan, Q; Lasrado, S; Lassi, ZS; Lauriola, P; Lawrence, WR; Laxmaiah, A; LeGrand, KE; Li, M-C; Li, B; Li, S; Lim, SS; Lim, L-L; Lin, H; Lin, Z; Lin, R-T; Liu, X; Lopez, AD; Lorkowski, S; Lotufo, PA; Lugo, A; M, NK; Madotto, F; Mahmoudi, M; Majeed, A; Malekzadeh, R; Malik, AA; Mamun, AA; Manafi, N; Mansournia, MA; Mantovani, LG; Martini, S; Mathur, MR; Mazzaglia, G; Mehata, S; Mehndiratta, MM; Meier, T; Menezes, RG; Meretoja, A; Mestrovic, T; Miazgowski, B; Miazgowski, T; Michalek, IM; Miller, TR; Mirrakhimov, EM; Mirzaei, H; Moazen, B; Moghadaszadeh, M; Mohammad, Y; Mohammad, DK; Mohammed, S; Mohammed, MA; Mokhayeri, Y; Molokhia, M; Montasir, AA; Moradi, G; Moradzadeh, R; Moraga, P; Morawska, L; Moreno Velásquez, I; Morze, J; Mubarik, S; Muruet, W; Musa, KI; Nagarajan, AJ; Nalini, M; Nangia, V; Naqvi, AA; Narasimha Swamy, S; Nascimento, BR; Nayak, VC; Nazari, J; Nazarzadeh, M; Negoi, RI; Neupane Kandel, S; Nguyen, HLT; Nixon, MR; Norrving, B; Noubiap, JJ; Nouthe, BE; Nowak, C; Odukoya, OO; Ogbo, FA; Olagunju, AT; Orru, H; Ortiz, A; Ostroff, SM; Padubidri, JR; Palladino, R; Pana, A; Panda-Jonas, S; Parekh, U; Park, E-C; Parvizi, M; Pashazadeh Kan, F; Patel, UK; Pathak, M; Paudel, R; Pepito, VCF; Perianayagam, A; Perico, N; Pham, HQ; Pilgrim, T; Piradov, MA; Pishgar, F; Podder, V; Polibin, RV; Pourshams, A; Pribadi, DRA; Rabiee, N; Rabiee, M; Radfar, A; Rafiei, A; Rahim, F; Rahimi-Movaghar, V; Ur Rahman, MH; Rahman, MA; Rahmani, AM; Rakovac, I; Ram, P; Ramalingam, S; Rana, J; Ranasinghe, P; Rao, SJ; Rathi, P; Rawal, L; Rawasia, WF; Rawassizadeh, R; Remuzzi, G; Renzaho, AMN; Rezapour, A; Riahi, SM; Roberts-Thomson, RL; Roever, L; Rohloff, P; Romoli, M; Roshandel, G; Rwegerera, GM; Saadatagah, S; Saber-Ayad, MM; Sabour, S; Sacco, S; Sadeghi, M; Saeedi Moghaddam, S; Safari, S; Sahebkar, A; Salehi, S; Salimzadeh, H; Samaei, M; Samy, AM; Santos, IS; Santric-Milicevic, MM; Sarrafzadegan, N; Sarveazad, A; Sathish, T; Sawhney, M; Saylan, M; Schmidt, MI; Schutte, AE; Senthilkumaran, S; Sepanlou, SG; Sha, F; Shahabi, S; Shahid, I; Shaikh, MA; Shamali, M; Shamsizadeh, M; Shawon, MSR; Sheikh, A; Shigematsu, M; Shin, M-J; Shin, JI; Shiri, R; Shiue, I; Shuval, K; Siabani, S; Siddiqi, TJ; Silva, DAS; Singh, JA; Mtech, AS; Skryabin, VY; Skryabina, AA; Soheili, A; Spurlock, EE; Stockfelt, L; Stortecky, S; Stranges, S; Suliankatchi Abdulkader, R; Tadbiri, H; Tadesse, EG; Tadesse, DB; Tajdini, M; Tariqujjaman, M; Teklehaimanot, BF; Temsah, M-H; Tesema, AK; Thakur, B; Thankappan, KR; Thapar, R; Thrift, AG; Timalsina, B; Tonelli, M; Touvier, M; Tovani-Palone, MR; Tripathi, A; Tripathy, JP; Truelsen, TC; Tsegay, GM; Tsegaye, GW; Tsilimparis, N; Tusa, BS; Tyrovolas, S; Umapathi, KK; Unim, B; Unnikrishnan, B; Usman, MS; Vaduganathan, M; Valdez, PR; Vasankari, TJ; Velazquez, DZ; Venketasubramanian, N; Vu, GT; Vujcic, IS; Waheed, Y; Wang, Y; Wang, F; Wei, J; Weintraub, RG; Weldemariam, AH; Westerman, R; Winkler, AS; Wiysonge, CS; Wolfe, CDA; Wubishet, BL; Xu, G; Yadollahpour, A; Yamagishi, K; Yan, LL; Yandrapalli, S; Yano, Y; Yatsuya, H; Yeheyis, TY; Yeshaw, Y; Yilgwan, CS; Yonemoto, N; Yu, C; Yusefzadeh, H; Zachariah, G; Zaman, SB; Zaman, MS; Zamanian, M; Zand, R; Zandifar, A; Zarghi, A; Zastrozhin, MS; Zastrozhina, A; Zhang, Z-J; Zhang, Y; Zhang, W; Zhong, C; Zou, Z; Zuniga, YMH; Murray, CJL; Fuster, V (Elsevier BV, 2020)
      Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), principally ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, are the leading cause of global mortality and a major contributor to disability. This paper reviews the magnitude of total CVD burden, ...
    • Global, Regional, and National Age-sex Specific All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality for 240 Causes of Death, 1990-2013: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

      Naghavi, M; Wang, H; Lozano, R; Davis, A; Liang, X; Zhou, M; Vollset, SE; Ozgoren, AA; Abdalla, S; Abd-Allah, F; Aziz, MIA; Abera, SF; Aboyans, V; Abraham, B; Abraham, JP; Abuabara, KE; Abubakar, I; Abu-Raddad, LJ; Abu-Rmeileh, NME; Achoki, T; Adelekan, A; Ademi, Z; Adofo, K; Adou, AK; Adsuar, JC; Ärnlöv, J; Agardh, EE; Akena, D; Al Khabouri, MJ; Alasfoor, D; Albittar, M; Alegretti, MA; Aleman, AV; Alemu, ZA; Alfonso-Cristancho, R; Alhabib, S; Ali, MK; Ali, R; Alla, F; Al Lami, F; Allebeck, P; AlMazroa, MA; Al-Shahi Salman, R; Alsharif, U; Alvarez, E; Alviz-Guzman, N; Amankwaa, AA; Amare, AT; Ameli, O; Amini, H; Ammar, W; Anderson, HR; Anderson, BO; Antonio, CAT; Anwari, P; Apfel, H; Cunningham, SA; Arsenijevic, VSA; Artaman, A; Asad, MM; Asghar, RJ; Assadi, R; Atkins, LS; Atkinson, C; Badawi, A; Bahit, MC; Bakfalouni, T; Balakrishnan, K; Balalla, S; Banerjee, A; Barber, RM; Barker-Collo, SL; Barquera, S; Barregard, L; Barrero, LH; Barrientos-Gutierrez, T; Basu, A; Basu, S; Basulaiman, MO; Beardsley, J; Bedi, N; Beghi, E; Bekele, T; Bell, ML; Benjet, C; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Benzian, H; Bertozzi-Villa, A; Beyene, TJ; Bhala, N; Bhalla, A; Bhutta, ZA; Bikbov, B; Abdulhak, AB; Biryukov, S; Blore, JD; Blyth, FM; Bohensky, MA; Borges, G; Bose, D; Boufous, S; Bourne, RR; Boyers, LN; Brainin, M; Brauer, M; Brayne, CEG; Brazinova, A; Breitborde, N; Brenner, H; Briggs, ADM; Brown, JC; Brugha, TS; Buckle, GC; Bui, LN; Bukhman, G; Burch, M; Campos Nonato, IR; Carabin, H; Cárdenas, R; Carapetis, J; Carpenter, DO; Caso, V; Castanda-Orjuela, CA; Castro, RE; Catalá-López, F; Cavalleri, F; Chang, J-C; Charlson, FC; Che, X; Chen, H; Chen, Y; Chen, JS; Chen, Z; Chiang, PP-C; Chimed-Ochir, O; Chowdhury, R; Christensen, H; Christophi, CA; Chuang, T-W; Chugh, SS; Cirillo, M; Coates, MM; Coffeng, LE; Coggeshall, MS; Cohen, A; Colistro, V; Colquhoun, SM; Colomar, M; Cooper, LT; Cooper, C; Coppola, LM; Cortinovis, M; Courville, K; Cowie, BC; Criqui, MH; Crump, JA; Cuevas-Nasu, L; Da Costa Leite, I; Dabhadkar, KC; Dandona, L; Dandona, R; Dansereau, E; Dargan, PI; Dayama, A; De la Cruz-Góngora, V; De La Vega, SF; De Leo, D; Degenhardt, L; Del Pozo-Cruz, B; Dellavalle, RP; Deribe, K; Des Jarlais, DC; Dessalegn, M; DeVeber, GA; Dharmaratne, SD; Dherani, M; Diaz-Ortega, J-L; Diaz-Torne, C; Dicker, D; Ding, EL; Dokova, K; Dorsey, ER; Driscoll, TR; Duan, L; Duber, HC; Durrani, AM; Ebel, BE; Edmond, KM; Ellenbogen, RG; Elshrek, Y; Ermakov, SP; Erskine, HE; Eshrati, B; Esteghamati, A; Estep, K; Fürst, T; Fahimi, S; Fahrion, AS; Faraon, EJA; Farzadfar, F; Fay, DFJ; Feigl, AB; Feigin, VL; Felicio, MM; Fereshtehnejad, S-M; Fernandes, JG; Ferrari, AJ; Fleming, TD; Foigt, N; Foreman, K; Forouzanfar, MH; Fowkes, FGR; Paleo, UF; Franklin, RC; Futran, ND; Gaffikin, L; Gambashidze, K; Gankpé, FG; Garc-Guerra, FA; Garcia, AC; Geleijnse, JM; Gessner, BD; Gibney, KB; Gillum, RF; Gilmour, S; Ginawi, IAM; Giroud, M; Glaser, EL; Goenka, S; Dantes, HG; Gona, P; Gonzalez-Medina, D; Guinovart, C; Gupta, R; 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      Background Up-to-date evidence on levels and trends for age-sex-specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality is essential for the formation of global, regional, and national health policies. In the Global Burden of ...
    • Years Lived With Disability (YLD) for 1160 Sequelae of 289 Diseases and Injuries 1990-2010: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

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      Non-fatal health outcomes from diseases and injuries are a crucial consideration in the promotion and monitoring of individual and population health. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies done in 1990 and 2000 have ...