• Estimating Global Injuries Morbidity and Mortality: Methods and Data Used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study

      James, SL; Castle, CD; Dingels, ZV; Fox, JT; Hamilton, EB; Liu, Z; Roberts, NLS; Sylte, DO; Bertolacci, GJ; Cunningham, M; Henry, NJ; LeGrand, KE; Abdelalim, A; Abdollahpour, I; Abdulkader, RS; Abedi, A; Abegaz, KH; Abosetugn, AE; Abushouk, AI; Adebayo, OM; Adsuar, JC; Advani, SM; Agudelo-Botero, M; Ahmad, T; Ahmed, MB; Ahmed, R; Eddine Aichour, MT; Alahdab, F; Alanezi, FM; Alema, NM; Alemu, BW; Alghnam, SA; Ali, BA; Ali, S; Alinia, C; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Almasri, NA; Altirkawi, K; Abdeldayem Amer, YS; Andrei, CL; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; T Antonio, CA; Anvari, D; Yaw Appiah, SC; Arabloo, J; Arab-Zozani, M; Arefi, Z; Aremu, O; Ariani, F; Arora, A; Asaad, M; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayano, G; Ayanore, MA; Azarian, G; Badawi, A; Badiye, AD; Baig, AA; Bairwa, M; Bakhtiari, A; Balachandran, A; Banach, M; Banerjee, SK; Banik, PC; Banstola, A; Barker-Collo, SL; Bärnighausen, TW; Barzegar, A; Bayati, M; Bazargan-Hejazi, S; Bedi, N; Behzadifar, M; Belete, H; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berhe, K; Bhagavathula, AS; Bhardwaj, P; Bhat, AG; Bhattacharyya, K; Bhutta, ZA; Bibi, S; Bijani, A; Boloor, A; Borges, G; Borschmann, R; Borzì, AM; Boufous, S; Braithwaite, D; Briko, NI; Brugha, T; Budhathoki, SS; Car, J; Cárdenas, R; Carvalho, F; Castaldelli-Maia, JM; Castañeda-Orjuela, CA; Castelpietra, G; Catalá-López, F; Cerin, E; Chandan, JS; Chapman, JR; Chattu, VK; Chattu, SK; Chatziralli, I; Chaudhary, N; Cho, DY; Choi, J-YJ; Kabir Chowdhury, MA; Christopher, DJ; Chu, D-T; Cicuttini, FM; Coelho, JM; Costa, VM; Dahlawi, SMA; Daryani, A; Dávila-Cervantes, CA; Leo, DD; Demeke, FM; Demoz, GT; Demsie, DG; Deribe, K; Desai, R; Nasab, MD; Silva, DDD; Dibaji Forooshani, ZS; Do, HT; Doyle, KE; Driscoll, TR; Dubljanin, E; Adema, BD; Eagan, AW; Elemineh, DA; El-Jaafary, SI; El-Khatib, Z; Ellingsen, CL; Zaki, MES; Eskandarieh, S; Eyawo, O; Faris, PS; Faro, A; Farzadfar, F; Fereshtehnejad, S-M; Fernandes, E; Ferrara, P; Fischer, F; Folayan, MO; Fomenkov, AA; Foroutan, M; Francis, JM; Franklin, RC; Fukumoto, T; Geberemariyam, BS; Gebremariam, H; Gebremedhin, KB; Gebremeskel, LG; Gebremeskel, GG; Gebremichael, B; Gedefaw, GA; Geta, B; Getenet, AB; Ghafourifard, M; Ghamari, F; Gheshlagh, RG; Gholamian, A; Gilani, SA; Gill, TK; Goudarzian, AH; Goulart, AC; Grada, A; Grivna, M; Guimarães, RA; Guo, Y; Gupta, G; Haagsma, JA; Hall, BJ; Hamadeh, RR; Hamidi, S; Handiso, DW; Haro, JM; Hasanzadeh, A; Hassan, S; Hassanipour, S; Hassankhani, H; Hassen, HY; Havmoeller, R; Hendrie, D; Heydarpour, F; Híjar, M; Ho, HC; Hoang, CL; Hole, MK; Holla, R; Hossain, N; Hosseinzadeh, M; Hostiuc, S; Hu, G; Ibitoye, SE; Ilesanmi, OS; Inbaraj, LR; Naghibi Irvani, SS; Mofizul Islam, M; Shariful Islam, SM; Ivers, RQ; Jahani, MA; Jakovljevic, M; Jalilian, F; Jayaraman, S; Jayatilleke, AU; Jha, RP; John-Akinola, YO; Jonas, JB; Jones, KM; Joseph, N; Joukar, F; Jozwiak, JJ; Jungari, SB; Jürisson, M; Kabir, A; Kahsay, A; Kalankesh, LR; Kalhor, R; Kamil, TA; Kanchan, T; Kapoor, N; Karami, M; Kasaeian, A; Kassaye, HG; Kavetskyy, T; Kayode, GA; Keiyoro, PN; Kelbore, AG; Khader, YS; Khafaie, MA; Khalid, N; Khalil, IA; Khalilov, R; Khan, M; Khan, EA; Khan, J; Khanna, T; Khazaei, S; Khazaie, H; Khundkar, R; Kiirithio, DN; Kim, Y-E; Kim, YJ; Kim, D; Kisa, S; Kisa, A; Komaki, H; Kondlahalli, SKM; Koolivand, A; Korshunov, VA; Koyanagi, A; Kraemer, MUG; Krishan, K; Defo, BK; Bicer, BK; Kugbey, N; Kumar, N; Kumar, M; Kumar, V; Kumar, N; Kumaresh, G; Lami, FH; Lansingh, VC; Lasrado, S; Latifi, A; Lauriola, P; Vecchia, CL; Leasher, JL; Huey Lee, SW; Li, S; Liu, X; Lopez, AD; Lotufo, PA; Lyons, RA; Machado, DB; Madadin, M; Abd El Razek, MM; Mahotra, NB; Majdan, M; Majeed, A; Maled, V; Malta, DC; Manafi, N; Manafi, A; Manda, A-L; Manjunatha, N; Mansour-Ghanaei, F; Mansournia, MA; Maravilla, JC; Mason-Jones, AJ; Masoumi, SZ; Massenburg, BB; Maulik, PK; Mehndiratta, MM; Melketsedik, ZA; Memiah, PTN; Mendoza, W; Menezes, RG; Mengesha, MM; Meretoja, TJ; Meretoja, A; Merie, HE; Mestrovic, T; Miazgowski, B; Miazgowski, T; Miller, TR; Mini, GK; Mirica, A; Mirrakhimov, EM; Mirzaei-Alavijeh, M; Mithra, P; Moazen, B; Moghadaszadeh, M; Mohamadi, E; Mohammad, Y; Darwesh, AM; Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A; Mohammadpourhodki, R; Mohammed, S; Mohammed, JA; Mohebi, F; Mohseni Bandpei, MA; Molokhia, M; Monasta, L; Moodley, Y; Moradi, M; Moradi, G; Moradi-Lakeh, M; Moradzadeh, R; Morawska, L; Velásquez, IM; Morrison, SD; Mossie, TB; Muluneh, AG; Musa, KI; Mustafa, G; Naderi, M; Nagarajan, AJ; Naik, G; Naimzada, MD; Najafi, F; Nangia, V; Nascimento, BR; Naserbakht, M; Nayak, V; Nazari, J; Ndwandwe, DE; Negoi, I; Ngunjiri, JW; Nguyen, TH; Nguyen, CT; Nguyen, DN; Thi Nguyen, HL; Nikbakhsh, R; Anggraini Ningrum, DN; Nnaji, CA; Ofori-Asenso, R; Ogbo, FA; Oghenetega, OB; Oh, I-H; Olagunju, AT; Olagunju, TO; Bali, AO; Onwujekwe, OE; Orpana, HM; Ota, E; Otstavnov, N; Otstavnov, SS; P A, M; Padubidri, JR; Pakhale, S; Pakshir, K; Panda-Jonas, S; Park, E-K; Patel, SK; Pathak, A; Pati, S; Paulos, K; Peden, AE; Filipino Pepito, VC; Pereira, J; Phillips, MR; Polibin, RV; Polinder, S; Pourmalek, F; Pourshams, A; Poustchi, H; Prakash, S; Angga Pribadi, DR; Puri, P; Syed, ZQ; Rabiee, N; Rabiee, M; Radfar, A; Rafay, A; Rafiee, A; Rafiei, A; Rahim, F; Rahimi, S; Rahman, MA; Rajabpour-Sanati, A; Rajati, F; Rakovac, I; Rao, SJ; Rashedi, V; Rastogi, P; Rathi, P; Rawaf, S; Rawal, L; Rawassizadeh, R; Renjith, V; Resnikoff, S; Rezapour, A; Ribeiro, AI; Rickard, J; Rios González, CM; Roever, L; Ronfani, L; Roshandel, G; Saddik, B; Safarpour, H; Safdarian, M; Mohammad Sajadi, S; Salamati, P; Rashad Salem, MR; Salem, H; Salz, I; Samy, AM; Sanabria, J; Riera, LS; Santric Milicevic, MM; Sarker, AR; Sarveazad, A; Sathian, B; Sawhney, M; Sayyah, M; Schwebel, DC; Seedat, S; Senthilkumaran, S; Seyedmousavi, S; Sha, F; Shaahmadi, F; Shahabi, S; Shaikh, MA; Shams-Beyranvand, M; Sheikh, A; Shigematsu, M; Shin, JI; Shiri, R; Siabani, S; Sigfusdottir, ID; Singh, JA; Singh, PK; Sinha, DN; Soheili, A; Soriano, JB; Sorrie, MB; Soyiri, IN; Stokes, MA; Sufiyan, MB; Sykes, BL; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R; Tabb, KM; Taddele, BW; Tefera, YM; Tehrani-Banihashemi, A; Tekulu, GH; Tesema Tesema, AK; Tesfay, BE; Thapar, R; Titova, MV; Tlaye, KG; Tohidinik, HR; Topor-Madry, R; Tran, KB; Tran, BX; Tripathy, JP; Tsai, AC; Tsatsakis, A; Car, LT; Ullah, I; Ullah, S; Unnikrishnan, B; Upadhyay, E; Uthman, OA; Valdez, PR; Vasankari, TJ; Veisani, Y; Venketasubramanian, N; Violante, FS; Vlassov, V; Waheed, Y; Wang, Y-P; Wiangkham, T; Wolde, HF; Woldeyes, DH; Wondmeneh, TG; Wondmieneh, AB; Wu, A-M; Wyper, GMA; Yadav, R; Yadollahpour, A; Yano, Y; Yaya, S; Yazdi-Feyzabadi, V; Ye, P; Yip, P; Yisma, E; Yonemoto, N; Yoon, S-J; Youm, Y; Younis, MZ; Yousefi, Z; Yu, C; Yu, Y; Moghadam, TZ; Zaidi, Z; Zaman, SB; Zamani, M; Zandian, H; Zarei, F; Zhang, Z-J; Zhang, Y; Ziapour, A; Zodpey, S; Dandona, R; Dharmaratne, SD; Hay, SI; Mokdad, AH; Pigott, DM; Reiner, RC; Vos, T (BMJ Publishing Group, 2020)
      BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates ...
    • Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study

      Roth, GA; Mensah, GA; Johnson, CO; Addolorato, G; Ammirati, E; Baddour, LM; Barengo, NC; Beaton, AZ; Benjamin, EJ; Benziger, CP; Bonny, A; Brauer, M; Brodmann, M; Cahill, TJ; Carapetis, J; Catapano, AL; Chugh, SS; Cooper, LT; Coresh, J; Criqui, M; DeCleene, N; Eagle, KA; Emmons-Bell, S; Feigin, VL; Fernández-Solà, J; Fowkes, G; Gakidou, E; Grundy, SM; He, FJ; Howard, G; Hu, F; Inker, L; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, N; Koroshetz, W; Lavie, C; Lloyd-Jones, D; Lu, HS; Mirijello, A; Temesgen, AM; Mokdad, A; Moran, AE; Muntner, P; Narula, J; Neal, B; Ntsekhe, M; Moraes de Oliveira, G; Otto, C; Owolabi, M; Pratt, M; Rajagopalan, S; Reitsma, M; Ribeiro, ALP; Rigotti, N; Rodgers, A; Sable, C; Shakil, S; Sliwa-Hahnle, K; Stark, B; Sundström, J; Timpel, P; Tleyjeh, IM; Valgimigli, M; Vos, T; Whelton, PK; Yacoub, M; Zuhlke, L; Murray, C; Fuster, V; Roth, GA; Mensah, GA; Johnson, CO; Addolorato, G; Ammirati, E; Baddour, LM; Barengo, NC; Beaton, A; Benjamin, EJ; Benziger, CP; Bonny, A; Brauer, M; Brodmann, M; Cahill, TJ; Carapetis, JR; Catapano, AL; Chugh, S; Cooper, LT; Coresh, J; Criqui, MH; DeCleene, NK; Eagle, KA; Emmons-Bell, S; Feigin, VL; Fernández-Sola, J; Fowkes, FGR; Gakidou, E; Grundy, SM; He, FJ; Howard, G; Hu, F; Inker, L; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, NJ; Koroshetz, WJ; Lavie, C; Lloyd-Jones, D; Lu, HS; Mirijello, A; Misganaw, AT; Mokdad, AH; Moran, AE; Muntner, P; Narula, J; Neal, B; Ntsekhe, M; Oliveira, GMM; Otto, CM; Owolabi, MO; Pratt, M; Rajagopalan, S; Reitsma, MB; Ribeiro, ALP; Rigotti, NA; Rodgers, A; Sable, CA; Shakil, SS; Sliwa, K; Stark, BA; Sundström, J; Timpel, P; Tleyjeh, II; Valgimigli, M; Vos, T; Whelton, PK; Yacoub, M; Zuhlke, LJ; Abbasi-Kangevari, M; Abdi, A; Abedi, A; Aboyans, V; Abrha, WA; Abu-Gharbieh, E; Abushouk, AI; Acharya, D; Adair, T; Adebayo, OM; Ademi, Z; Advani, SM; Afshari, K; Afshin, A; Agarwal, G; Agasthi, P; Ahmad, S; Ahmadi, S; Ahmed, MB; Aji, B; Akalu, Y; Akande-Sholabi, W; Aklilu, A; Akunna, CJ; Alahdab, F; Al-Eyadhy, A; Alhabib, KF; 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Santric-Milicevic, MM; Sarrafzadegan, N; Sarveazad, A; Sathish, T; Sawhney, M; Saylan, M; Schmidt, MI; Schutte, AE; Senthilkumaran, S; Sepanlou, SG; Sha, F; Shahabi, S; Shahid, I; Shaikh, MA; Shamali, M; Shamsizadeh, M; Shawon, MSR; Sheikh, A; Shigematsu, M; Shin, M-J; Shin, JI; Shiri, R; Shiue, I; Shuval, K; Siabani, S; Siddiqi, TJ; Silva, DAS; Singh, JA; Mtech, AS; Skryabin, VY; Skryabina, AA; Soheili, A; Spurlock, EE; Stockfelt, L; Stortecky, S; Stranges, S; Suliankatchi Abdulkader, R; Tadbiri, H; Tadesse, EG; Tadesse, DB; Tajdini, M; Tariqujjaman, M; Teklehaimanot, BF; Temsah, M-H; Tesema, AK; Thakur, B; Thankappan, KR; Thapar, R; Thrift, AG; Timalsina, B; Tonelli, M; Touvier, M; Tovani-Palone, MR; Tripathi, A; Tripathy, JP; Truelsen, TC; Tsegay, GM; Tsegaye, GW; Tsilimparis, N; Tusa, BS; Tyrovolas, S; Umapathi, KK; Unim, B; Unnikrishnan, B; Usman, MS; Vaduganathan, M; Valdez, PR; Vasankari, TJ; Velazquez, DZ; Venketasubramanian, N; Vu, GT; Vujcic, IS; Waheed, Y; Wang, Y; Wang, F; Wei, J; Weintraub, RG; Weldemariam, AH; Westerman, R; Winkler, AS; Wiysonge, CS; Wolfe, CDA; Wubishet, BL; Xu, G; Yadollahpour, A; Yamagishi, K; Yan, LL; Yandrapalli, S; Yano, Y; Yatsuya, H; Yeheyis, TY; Yeshaw, Y; Yilgwan, CS; Yonemoto, N; Yu, C; Yusefzadeh, H; Zachariah, G; Zaman, SB; Zaman, MS; Zamanian, M; Zand, R; Zandifar, A; Zarghi, A; Zastrozhin, MS; Zastrozhina, A; Zhang, Z-J; Zhang, Y; Zhang, W; Zhong, C; Zou, Z; Zuniga, YMH; Murray, CJL; Fuster, V (Elsevier BV, 2020)
      Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), principally ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, are the leading cause of global mortality and a major contributor to disability. This paper reviews the magnitude of total CVD burden, ...
    • Measuring Universal Health Coverage Based on an Index of Effective Coverage of Health Services in 204 Countries and Territories, 1990–2019: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

      Lozano, R; Fullman, N; Mumford, JE; Knight, M; Barthelemy, CM; Abbafati, C; Abbastabar, H; Abd-Allah, F; Abdollahi, M; Abedi, A; Abolhassani, H; Abosetugn, AE; Abreu, LG; Abrigo, MRM; Abu Haimed, AK; Abushouk, AI; Adabi, M; Adebayo, OM; Adekanmbi, V; Adelson, J; Adetokunboh, OO; Adham, D; Advani, SM; Afshin, A; Agarwal, G; Agasthi, P; Aghamir, SMK; Agrawal, A; Ahmad, T; Akinyemi, RO; Alahdab, F; Al-Aly, Z; Alam, K; Albertson, SB; Alemu, YM; Alhassan, RK; Ali, M; Ali, S; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Alla, F; Almadi, MAH; Almasi, A; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Almasri, NA; Al-Mekhlafi, HM; Almulhim, AM; Alonso, J; Al-Raddadi, RM; Altirkawi, KA; Alvis-Guzman, N; Alvis-Zakzuk, NJ; Amini, S; Amini-Rarani, M; Amiri, F; Amit, AML; Amugsi, DA; Ancuceanu, R; Anderlini, D; Andrei, CL; Androudi, S; Ansari, F; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; Antonio, CAT; Antony, CM; Antriyandarti, E; Anvari, D; Anwer, R; Arabloo, J; Arab-Zozani, M; Aravkin, AY; Aremu, O; Ärnlöv, J; Asaad, M; Asadi-Aliabadi, M; Asadi-Pooya, AA; Ashbaugh, C; Athari, SS; Atout, MMDW; Ausloos, M; Avila-Burgos, L; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayano, G; Ayanore, MA; Aynalem, YA; Aynalem, GL; Ayza, MA; Azari, S; Azzopardi, PS; B, DB; Babaee, E; Badiye, AD; Bahrami, MA; Baig, AA; Bakhshaei, MH; Bakhtiari, A; Bakkannavar, SM; Balachandran, A; Balassyano, S; Banach, M (Elsevier, 2020)
      Background: Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) involves all people receiving the health services they need, of high quality, without experiencing financial hardship. Making progress towards UHC is a policy priority ...