Camera based face tracking for enhancing surgical teamwork training with non-verbal communication
Marks, S; Windsor, J; Wünsche, B
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In recent years, the increased use of simulation for the training of surgical skills has improved the medical curriculum and the overall patient outcome. Advances in hardware and simulation techniques have resulted in many commercial applications for training technical skills. However, most of these simulators are extremely expensive and do not consider non-technical skills like teamwork and communication. This is a major drawback since recent research suggests that a a large percentage of mistakes in clinical settings are due to communication problems. In addition training teamwork can also improve the e ciency of a surgical team and as such reduce costs and workload. We present an inexpensive camera-based system for the acquisition of aspects of non-verbal communication of users participating in virtual environment-based teamwork simulations. This data can be used for the enhancement of virtual-environment-based simulations to increase the realism and e ectiveness of team communication.