An Intrinsic Human Physical Activity Recognition from Fused Motion Sensor Data Using Bidirectional Gated Recurrent Neural Network in Healthcare
An intrinsic bi-directional gated recurrent neural network for recognising human physical activities from intelligent sensors is presented in this work. In-depth exploration of human activity data is significant for assisting different groups of people, including healthy, sick, and elderly populations in tracking and monitoring their level of healthcare status and general fitness. The major contributions of this work are the introduction of a bidirectional gated recurrent unit and a state-of-the-art nonlinearity function called rectified adaptive optimiser that boosts the performance accuracy of the proposed model for the classification of human activity signals. The bidirectional gated recurrent unit (Bi-GRU) eliminates the short-term memory problem when training the model with fewer tensor operations, and the nonlinear function, a variant of the classical Adam optimiser provides an instant dynamic adjustment to the adaptive models’ learning rate based on the keen observation of the impact of variance and momentum during training. A detailed comparative analysis of the proposed model performance was conducted with long-short-term-memory (LSTM), gated recurrent unit (GRU), and bi-directional LSTM. The proposed method achieved a remarkable landmark result of 99% accuracy on the test samples, outperforming the earlier architectures.