Are probabilistic spiking neural networks suitable for reservoir computing?
This study employs networks of stochastic spiking neurons as reservoirs for liquid state machines (LSM). We experimentally investigate the separation property of these reservoirs and show their ability to generalize classes of input signals. Similar to traditional LSM, probabilistic LSM (pLSM) have the separation property enabling them to distinguish between different classes of input stimuli. Furthermore, our results indicate some potential advantages of non-deterministic LSM by improving upon the separation ability of the liquid. Three non-deterministic neural models are considered and for each of them several parameter configurations are explored. We demonstrate some of the characteristics of pLSM and compare them to their deterministic counterparts. pLSM offer more flexibility due to the probabilistic parameters resulting in a better performance for some values of these parameters.