The Potential of One-part Alkali-activated Materials (AAMs) As a Concrete Patch Mortar
Yusslee, E; Beskhyroun, S
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One-part alkali-activated materials (AAMs) are developed to improve conventional two-part systems. One-part AAMs technology has been used in cement binders to produce concrete, mortar, and paste. Current research mainly focuses on synthesizing raw materials obtained from industrial and agricultural waste as the main aluminosilicate precursors of the cement binder for a concrete application. The one-part AAMs were reported to have higher early compressive strength at 7 days of age, contributed by its fast-setting time, mainly when the binder activates by a higher dosage of alkaline activator and containing OPC-rich. Due to bonding issues, single or combination, FA/GGBFS/MK precursors were reported as unsuitable for use as a concrete repair material. They were the reason for the lack of one-part AAMs application of mortar compared to concrete usage. This study was conducted to determine the potential of one-part AAMs used as concrete patch mortar by investigating its rheology and mechanical properties. The compressive strength of the mortar was tested under lab ambient temperature in the tropical climate country of Malaysia. The setting time of fresh mortar and bonding strength were set under controlled lab temperature. The one-part alkali-activated mortar was composed of hybrid aluminosilicate precursors between fly ash (FA), Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBFS) and ordinary Portland cement (OPC). A low alkaline activator of solid potassium carbonate was used for the geopolymerization process. Three types of solid admixtures were added to complete the composition of the new mix design. The experiment's outcome showed that the mortar composed with the combination of conventional Portland cement and industrial waste products has compressive and pull-off adherence strength that meets with Class R3—EN1504-3 standard for structural concrete repair materials requirement.