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dc.contributor.authorBellringer, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGarrett, Nen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-12T22:52:12Z
dc.date.available2021-12-12T22:52:12Z
dc.date.copyright2021-12-08en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2021, 18, 12946. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph182412946
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/14804
dc.description.abstractRecent research investigating changes in gambling behaviors during periods of COVID-19 social restrictions, such as enforced lockdowns, are somewhat limited by methodology, being generally cross-sectional in nature and with participant samples recruited via online panels. The present study overcame these limitations via a secondary analysis of data collected in 2012 and 2015 from a New Zealand (NZ) longitudinal gambling study, with questions related to gambling behaviors due to COVID-19 lockdown periods included in an additional data collection, of participants who had previously scored as a risky gambler, during 2020/21. Almost one-quarter of online gamblers increased their gambling during lockdown with this most likely to be on overseas gambling sites, instant scratch card gambling and Lotto. The only sociodemographic risk factor for increased online gambling was higher education. Behavioral risk factors included being a current low risk/moderate risk/problem gambler, a previously hazardous alcohol drinker or past participation in free-to-play gambling-type games. These past behaviors could act as trigger points for health services or family and friends to monitor a person’s gambling behaviors during lockdown, or future stressful periods when usual terrestrial gambling opportunities are curtailed or unavailable, and to support safer gambling practices.
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/24/12946
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
dc.subjectCOVID-19; Online gambling; New Zealand; Longitudinal; Pandemic; Lockdown
dc.titleRisk Factors for Increased Online Gambling During COVID-19 Lockdowns in New Zealand: A Longitudinal Studyen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph182412946en_NZ
aut.relation.articlenumber12946en_NZ
aut.relation.issue24en_NZ
aut.relation.volume18en_NZ
pubs.elements-id445644
aut.relation.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_NZ


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