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dc.date.accessioned2021-11-23T23:49:26Z
dc.date.available2021-11-23T23:49:26Z
dc.date.copyright2021en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationBioMedical Engineering OnLine 20, 89 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12938-021-00920-5
dc.identifier.issn1475-925Xen_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/14715
dc.description.abstractChildren with physical disabilities often have limited performance in daily activities, hindering their physical development, social development and mental health. Therefore, rehabilitation is essential to mitigate the adverse effects of the different causes of physical disabilities and improve independence and quality of life. In the last decade, robotic rehabilitation has shown the potential to augment traditional physical rehabilitation. However, to date, most robotic rehabilitation devices are designed for adult patients who differ in their needs compared to paediatric patients, limiting the devices’ potential because the paediatric patients’ needs are not adequately considered. With this in mind, the current work reviews the existing literature on robotic rehabilitation for children with physical disabilities, intending to summarise how the rehabilitation robots could fulfil children’s needs and inspire researchers to develop new devices. A literature search was conducted utilising the Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus databases. Based on the inclusion–exclusion criteria, 206 publications were included, and 58 robotic devices used by children with a physical disability were identified. Different design factors and the treated conditions using robotic technology were compared. Through the analyses, it was identified that weight, safety, operability and motivation were crucial factors to the successful design of devices for children. The majority of the current devices were used for lower limb rehabilitation. Neurological disorders, in particular cerebral palsy, were the most common conditions for which devices were designed. By far, the most common actuator was the electric motor. Usually, the devices present more than one training strategy being the assistive strategy the most used. The admittance/impedance method is the most popular to interface the robot with the children. Currently, there is a trend on developing exoskeletons, as they can assist children with daily life activities outside of the rehabilitation setting, propitiating a wider adoption of the technology. With this shift in focus, it appears likely that new technologies to actuate the system (e.g. serial elastic actuators) and to detect the intention (e.g. physiological signals) of children as they go about their daily activities will be required.en_NZ
dc.languageenen_NZ
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLCen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttps://biomedical-engineering-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12938-021-00920-5
dc.rights© The Author(s), 2021. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the mate rial. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publi cdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
dc.subjectRobotic; Exoskeletons; Rehabilitation; Assistance; Children; Physical disability
dc.titleRobotic Devices for Paediatric Rehabilitation: A Review of Design Featuresen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12938-021-00920-5en_NZ
dark.contributor.authorGonzalez, Aen_NZ
dark.contributor.authorGarcia, Len_NZ
dark.contributor.authorKilby, Jen_NZ
dark.contributor.authorMcNair, Pen_NZ
aut.relation.articlenumber89en_NZ
aut.relation.issue1en_NZ
aut.relation.volume20en_NZ
pubs.elements-id440198
aut.relation.journalBioMedical Engineering OnLineen_NZ


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