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dc.contributor.authorFanibhare, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSarkar, NIen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAl-Anbuky, Aen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-07T00:49:07Z
dc.date.available2021-09-07T00:49:07Z
dc.date.copyright2021-09-06en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationElectronics 2021, 10(17), 2171; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10172171
dc.identifier.issn2079-9292en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/14478
dc.description.abstractThe Tactile Internet (TI) is an emerging area of research involving 5G and beyond (B5G) communications to enable real-time interaction of haptic data over the Internet between tactile ends, with audio-visual data as feedback. This emerging TI technology is viewed as the next evolutionary step for the Internet of Things (IoT) and is expected to bring about a massive change in Healthcare 4.0, Industry 4.0 and autonomous vehicles to resolve complicated issues in modern society. This vision of TI makes a dream into a reality. This article aims to provide a comprehensive survey of TI, focussing on design architecture, key application areas, potential enabling technologies, current issues, and challenges to realise it. To illustrate the novelty of our work, we present a brainstorming mind-map of all the topics discussed in this article. We emphasise the design aspects of the TI and discuss the three main sections of the TI, i.e., master, network, and slave sections, with a focus on the proposed application-centric design architecture. With the help of the proposed illustrative diagrams of use cases, we discuss and tabulate the possible applications of the TI with a 5G framework and its requirements. Then, we extensively address the currently identified issues and challenges with promising potential enablers of the TI. Moreover, a comprehensive review focussing on related articles on enabling technologies is explored, including Fifth Generation (5G), Software-Defined Networking (SDN), Network Function Virtualisation (NFV), Cloud/Edge/Fog Computing, Multiple Access, and Network Coding. Finally, we conclude the survey with several research issues that are open for further investigation. Thus, the survey provides insights into the TI that can help network researchers and engineers to contribute further towards developing the next-generation Internet.en_NZ
dc.languageEnglishen_NZ
dc.publisherMDPIen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10172171en_NZ
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
dc.titleA Survey on Tactile Internet: Design Issues and Challenges, Applications, and Future Directionsen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/electronics10172171en_NZ
aut.relation.endpage35
aut.relation.issue7en_NZ
aut.relation.pages35
aut.relation.startpage1
aut.relation.volume10en_NZ
pubs.elements-id440057
aut.relation.journalElectronicsen_NZ


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