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dc.date.accessioned2021-08-10T03:54:27Z
dc.date.available2021-08-10T03:54:27Z
dc.identifier.citationElectronics, 10(16), 1910. doi:10.3390/electronics10161910
dc.identifier.issn2079-9292en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/14415
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents a state-of-the-art review of electric vehicle technology, charging methods, standards, and optimization techniques. The essential characteristics of Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) are first discussed. Recent research on EV charging methods such as Battery Swap Station (BSS), Wireless Power Transfer (WPT), and Conductive Charging (CC) are then presented. This is followed by a discussion of EV standards such as charging levels and their configurations. Next, some of the most used optimization techniques for the sizing and placement of EV charging stations are analyzed. Finally, based on the insights gained, several recommendations are put forward for future research.en_NZ
dc.languageenen_NZ
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/2079-9292/10/16/1910
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.subjectElectric vehicle; Hybrid electric vehicle; EV charging; EV standards; Optimization
dc.titleReview of Electric Vehicle Technologies, Charging Methods, Standards and Optimization Techniquesen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/electronics10161910en_NZ
dark.contributor.authorArif, SMen_NZ
dark.contributor.authorLie, TTen_NZ
dark.contributor.authorSeet, BCen_NZ
dark.contributor.authorAyyadi, Sen_NZ
dark.contributor.authorJensen, Ken_NZ
aut.relation.endpage1910
aut.relation.issue16en_NZ
aut.relation.startpage1910
aut.relation.volume10en_NZ
pubs.elements-id438671
aut.relation.journalElectronicsen_NZ


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