Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGraham, Den_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKira, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorConaglen, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMcLennan, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRush, Een_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-05T02:01:31Z
dc.date.available2021-08-05T02:01:31Z
dc.date.copyright2009en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationPublic Health Nutrition, Volume 12, Issue 12, December 2009, pp. 2329 - 2334, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980008004357
dc.identifier.issn1475-2727en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/14407
dc.description.abstractObjective: To evaluate levels of vitamin D3 and HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), and the ratio of HDL-C to LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), in schoolchildren receiving vitamin-D-fortified, fat-depleted, high-Ca milk in schools. Design: Cross-sectional study of previously randomised schools receiving supplemental milk, compared with a matched control group. Setting: Low-decile Year 1-6 schools in the Waikato region of New Zealand. Subjects: Year 3 children from either milk schools or control schools, consenting to blood sampling. Results: For eighty-nine children receiving supplementary daily milk, vitamin D3 levels were significantly higher than in eighty-three control children matched for age, sex, body composition and ethnicity (mean (sd): 49.6 (15.8) v. 43.8 (14.7) nmol/l, P = 0.011), as were HDL-C levels (mean (sd): 1.47 (0.35) v. 1.35 (0.29) mmol/l, P = 0.024) and HDL-C:LDL-C (median: 0.79 v. 0.71, P = 0.026). LDL-C levels were similar in both groups (mean (sd): 2.07 (0.55) v. 2.16 (0.60) mmol/l, P = 0.31). Of control children, 32/83 (20.2 %) of the milk group (Pearson's chi2 = 7.00, P = 0.008). Mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D (vitamin D3) levels in the milk group were still below the lower end of the recommended normal range (60 nmol/l). Conclusions: Vitamin D3 levels are low in low-decile Year 3 children in midwinter. Levels are improved with vitamin-D-fortified milk but still below the recommended range. HDL-C and HDL-C:LDL-C levels are improved in the milk-supplemented group. This supports the supply of vitamin-D-fortified, fat-reduced milk to schools.
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.relation.urihttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition/article/vitamin-d-status-of-year-3-children-and-supplementation-through-schools-with-fortified-milk/DBB88FFBE0916EB6E01F65CE0687E35C
dc.rights© The Authors 2008
dc.subjectVitamin D3; Children; School; Lipids; Milk; Fortification
dc.titleVitamin D Status of Year 3 Children and Supplementation Through Schools With Fortified Milken_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S1368980008004357
aut.relation.issue12en_NZ
aut.relation.volume12en_NZ
pubs.elements-id35800
aut.relation.journalPublic Health Nutritionen_NZ


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record