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dc.contributor.authorRush, Een_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMcLennan, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorObolonkin, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVandal, ACen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHamlin, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSimmons, Den_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGraham, Den_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-04T03:36:31Z
dc.date.available2021-08-04T03:36:31Z
dc.date.copyright2014en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Nutrition , Volume 111 , Issue 2 , 28 January 2014 , pp. 363 - 371, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114513002316
dc.identifier.issn1475-2662en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/14403
dc.description.abstractProject Energize, a region-wide whole-school nutrition and physical activity programme, commenced as a randomised controlled trial (RCT) in the period 2004-6 in 124 schools in Waikato, New Zealand. In 2007, sixty-two control schools were engaged in the programme, and by 2011, all but two of the 235 schools in the region were engaged. Energizers (trained nutrition and physical activity specialists) work with eight to twelve schools each to achieve the goals of the programme, which are based on healthier eating and enhanced physical activity. In 2011, indices of obesity and physical fitness of 2474 younger (7·58 (sd 0·57) years) and 2330 older (10·30 (sd 0·51) years) children attending 193 of the 235 primary schools were compared with historical measurements. After adjusting for age, sex, ethnicity, socio-economic status (SES) and school cluster effects, the combined prevalence of obesity and overweight among younger and older children in 2011 was lower by 31 and 15 %, respectively, than that among 'unEnergized' children in the 2004 to 2006 RCT. Similarly, BMI was lower by 3·0 % (95 % CI - 5·8, - 1·3) and 2·4 % (95 % CI - 4·3, - 0·5). Physical fitness (time taken to complete a 550 m run) was significantly higher in the Energized children (13·7 and 11·3 %, respectively) than in a group of similarly aged children from another region. These effects were observed for boys and girls, both indigenous Māori and non-Māori children, and across SES. The long-term regional commitment to the Energize programme in schools may potentially lead to a secular reduction in the prevalence of overweight and obesity and gains in physical fitness, which may reduce the risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes.en_NZ
dc.languageENGen_NZ
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.relation.urihttps://www-cambridge-org.ezproxy.aut.ac.nz/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/project-energize-wholeregion-primary-school-nutrition-and-physical-activity-programme-evaluation-of-body-size-and-fitness-5-years-after-the-randomised-controlled-trial/6477F73CBA7301A07A7DF0C9F8037D75
dc.rights© The Authors 2013
dc.subjectChildren; Schools; Obesity; Prevention; Interventions; Māori
dc.titleProject Energize: Whole-region Primary School Nutrition and Physical Activity Programme; Evaluation of Body Size and Fitness 5 Years After the Randomised Controlled Trialen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0007114513002316en_NZ
aut.relation.issue2en_NZ
aut.relation.volume111en_NZ
pubs.elements-id150251
aut.relation.journalBritish Journal of Nutritionen_NZ


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