Utilization of Mean and Median Strains in Principal and Independent Component Analysis to Remove Motion Artefact from Electrocardiography Signals
Kalra, A; Lowe, A
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Motion artefact is the biggest concern in Electrocardiogram signals, especially when recording long-term measurements. Current studies fail to address the major source of motion artefact, which is skin stretch. This study utilizes two-dimensional strain fields as motion information in two advanced algorithms- Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Independent Component Analysis (ICA). The strain fields were computed using point tracking and infinitesimal strain theory and a comparison of mean and median strains as motion information was made. The highest improvement in Signal to Noise ratio (SNR) was observed when the mean values of strain fields over a region of interest per ECG sample were taken as motion information in ICA. The lowest SNRs were obtained when PCA and ICA were implemented without any motion information.