• Estimating Global Injuries Morbidity and Mortality: Methods and Data Used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study

      James, SL; Castle, CD; Dingels, ZV; Fox, JT; Hamilton, EB; Liu, Z; Roberts, NLS; Sylte, DO; Bertolacci, GJ; Cunningham, M; Henry, NJ; LeGrand, KE; Abdelalim, A; Abdollahpour, I; Abdulkader, RS; Abedi, A; Abegaz, KH; Abosetugn, AE; Abushouk, AI; Adebayo, OM; Adsuar, JC; Advani, SM; Agudelo-Botero, M; Ahmad, T; Ahmed, MB; Ahmed, R; Eddine Aichour, MT; Alahdab, F; Alanezi, FM; Alema, NM; Alemu, BW; Alghnam, SA; Ali, BA; Ali, S; Alinia, C; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Almasri, NA; Altirkawi, K; Abdeldayem Amer, YS; Andrei, CL; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; T Antonio, CA; Anvari, D; Yaw Appiah, SC; Arabloo, J; Arab-Zozani, M; Arefi, Z; Aremu, O; Ariani, F; Arora, A; Asaad, M; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayano, G; Ayanore, MA; Azarian, G; Badawi, A; Badiye, AD; Baig, AA; Bairwa, M; Bakhtiari, A; Balachandran, A; Banach, M; Banerjee, SK; Banik, PC; Banstola, A; Barker-Collo, SL; Bärnighausen, TW; Barzegar, A; Bayati, M; Bazargan-Hejazi, S; Bedi, N; Behzadifar, M; Belete, H; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berhe, K; Bhagavathula, AS; Bhardwaj, P; Bhat, AG; Bhattacharyya, K; Bhutta, ZA; Bibi, S; Bijani, A; Boloor, A; Borges, G; Borschmann, R; Borzì, AM; Boufous, S; Braithwaite, D; Briko, NI; Brugha, T; Budhathoki, SS; Car, J; Cárdenas, R; Carvalho, F; Castaldelli-Maia, JM; Castañeda-Orjuela, CA; Castelpietra, G; Catalá-López, F; Cerin, E; Chandan, JS; Chapman, JR; Chattu, VK; Chattu, SK; Chatziralli, I; Chaudhary, N; Cho, DY; Choi, J-YJ; Kabir Chowdhury, MA; Christopher, DJ; Chu, D-T; Cicuttini, FM; Coelho, JM; Costa, VM; Dahlawi, SMA; Daryani, A; Dávila-Cervantes, CA; Leo, DD; Demeke, FM; Demoz, GT; Demsie, DG; Deribe, K; Desai, R; Nasab, MD; Silva, DDD; Dibaji Forooshani, ZS; Do, HT; Doyle, KE; Driscoll, TR; Dubljanin, E; Adema, BD; Eagan, AW; Elemineh, DA; El-Jaafary, SI; El-Khatib, Z; Ellingsen, CL; Zaki, MES; Eskandarieh, S; Eyawo, O; Faris, PS; Faro, A; Farzadfar, F; Fereshtehnejad, S-M; Fernandes, E; Ferrara, P; Fischer, F; Folayan, MO; Fomenkov, AA; Foroutan, M; Francis, JM; 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Kassaye, HG; Kavetskyy, T; Kayode, GA; Keiyoro, PN; Kelbore, AG; Khader, YS; Khafaie, MA; Khalid, N; Khalil, IA; Khalilov, R; Khan, M; Khan, EA; Khan, J; Khanna, T; Khazaei, S; Khazaie, H; Khundkar, R; Kiirithio, DN; Kim, Y-E; Kim, YJ; Kim, D; Kisa, S; Kisa, A; Komaki, H; Kondlahalli, SKM; Koolivand, A; Korshunov, VA; Koyanagi, A; Kraemer, MUG; Krishan, K; Defo, BK; Bicer, BK; Kugbey, N; Kumar, N; Kumar, M; Kumar, V; Kumar, N; Kumaresh, G; Lami, FH; Lansingh, VC; Lasrado, S; Latifi, A; Lauriola, P; Vecchia, CL; Leasher, JL; Huey Lee, SW; Li, S; Liu, X; Lopez, AD; Lotufo, PA; Lyons, RA; Machado, DB; Madadin, M; Abd El Razek, MM; Mahotra, NB; Majdan, M; Majeed, A; Maled, V; Malta, DC; Manafi, N; Manafi, A; Manda, A-L; Manjunatha, N; Mansour-Ghanaei, F; Mansournia, MA; Maravilla, JC; Mason-Jones, AJ; Masoumi, SZ; Massenburg, BB; Maulik, PK; Mehndiratta, MM; Melketsedik, ZA; Memiah, PTN; Mendoza, W; Menezes, RG; Mengesha, MM; Meretoja, TJ; Meretoja, A; Merie, HE; Mestrovic, T; Miazgowski, B; Miazgowski, T; Miller, TR; Mini, GK; Mirica, A; Mirrakhimov, EM; Mirzaei-Alavijeh, M; Mithra, P; Moazen, B; Moghadaszadeh, M; Mohamadi, E; Mohammad, Y; Darwesh, AM; Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A; Mohammadpourhodki, R; Mohammed, S; Mohammed, JA; Mohebi, F; Mohseni Bandpei, MA; Molokhia, M; Monasta, L; Moodley, Y; Moradi, M; Moradi, G; Moradi-Lakeh, M; Moradzadeh, R; Morawska, L; Velásquez, IM; Morrison, SD; Mossie, TB; Muluneh, AG; Musa, KI; Mustafa, G; Naderi, M; Nagarajan, AJ; Naik, G; Naimzada, MD; Najafi, F; Nangia, V; Nascimento, BR; Naserbakht, M; Nayak, V; Nazari, J; Ndwandwe, DE; Negoi, I; Ngunjiri, JW; Nguyen, TH; Nguyen, CT; Nguyen, DN; Thi Nguyen, HL; Nikbakhsh, R; Anggraini Ningrum, DN; Nnaji, CA; Ofori-Asenso, R; Ogbo, FA; Oghenetega, OB; Oh, I-H; Olagunju, AT; Olagunju, TO; Bali, AO; Onwujekwe, OE; Orpana, HM; Ota, E; Otstavnov, N; Otstavnov, SS; P A, M; Padubidri, JR; Pakhale, S; Pakshir, K; Panda-Jonas, S; Park, E-K; Patel, SK; Pathak, A; Pati, S; Paulos, K; Peden, AE; Filipino Pepito, VC; Pereira, J; Phillips, MR; Polibin, RV; Polinder, S; Pourmalek, F; Pourshams, A; Poustchi, H; Prakash, S; Angga Pribadi, DR; Puri, P; Syed, ZQ; Rabiee, N; Rabiee, M; Radfar, A; Rafay, A; Rafiee, A; Rafiei, A; Rahim, F; Rahimi, S; Rahman, MA; Rajabpour-Sanati, A; Rajati, F; Rakovac, I; Rao, SJ; Rashedi, V; Rastogi, P; Rathi, P; Rawaf, S; Rawal, L; Rawassizadeh, R; Renjith, V; Resnikoff, S; Rezapour, A; Ribeiro, AI; Rickard, J; Rios González, CM; Roever, L; Ronfani, L; Roshandel, G; Saddik, B; Safarpour, H; Safdarian, M; Mohammad Sajadi, S; Salamati, P; Rashad Salem, MR; Salem, H; Salz, I; Samy, AM; Sanabria, J; Riera, LS; Santric Milicevic, MM; Sarker, AR; Sarveazad, A; Sathian, B; Sawhney, M; Sayyah, M; Schwebel, DC; Seedat, S; Senthilkumaran, S; Seyedmousavi, S; Sha, F; Shaahmadi, F; Shahabi, S; Shaikh, MA; Shams-Beyranvand, M; Sheikh, A; Shigematsu, M; Shin, JI; Shiri, R; Siabani, S; Sigfusdottir, ID; Singh, JA; Singh, PK; Sinha, DN; Soheili, A; Soriano, JB; Sorrie, MB; Soyiri, IN; Stokes, MA; Sufiyan, MB; Sykes, BL; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R; Tabb, KM; Taddele, BW; Tefera, YM; Tehrani-Banihashemi, A; Tekulu, GH; Tesema Tesema, AK; Tesfay, BE; Thapar, R; Titova, MV; Tlaye, KG; Tohidinik, HR; Topor-Madry, R; Tran, KB; Tran, BX; Tripathy, JP; Tsai, AC; Tsatsakis, A; Car, LT; Ullah, I; Ullah, S; Unnikrishnan, B; Upadhyay, E; Uthman, OA; Valdez, PR; Vasankari, TJ; Veisani, Y; Venketasubramanian, N; Violante, FS; Vlassov, V; Waheed, Y; Wang, Y-P; Wiangkham, T; Wolde, HF; Woldeyes, DH; Wondmeneh, TG; Wondmieneh, AB; Wu, A-M; Wyper, GMA; Yadav, R; Yadollahpour, A; Yano, Y; Yaya, S; Yazdi-Feyzabadi, V; Ye, P; Yip, P; Yisma, E; Yonemoto, N; Yoon, S-J; Youm, Y; Younis, MZ; Yousefi, Z; Yu, C; Yu, Y; Moghadam, TZ; Zaidi, Z; Zaman, SB; Zamani, M; Zandian, H; Zarei, F; Zhang, Z-J; Zhang, Y; Ziapour, A; Zodpey, S; Dandona, R; Dharmaratne, SD; Hay, SI; Mokdad, AH; Pigott, DM; Reiner, RC; Vos, T (BMJ Publishing Group, 2020)
      BACKGROUND: While there is a long history of measuring death and disability from injuries, modern research methods must account for the wide spectrum of disability that can occur in an injury, and must provide estimates ...
    • Spatial, Temporal, and Demographic Patterns in Prevalence of Smoking Tobacco Use and Attributable Disease Burden in 204 Countries and Territories, 1990–2019: A Systematic Analysis From the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

      Reitsma, MB; Kendrick, PJ; Ababneh, E; Abbafati, C; Abbasi-Kangevari, M; Abdoli, A; Abedi, A; Abhilash, ES; Abila, DB; Aboyans, V; Abu-Rmeileh, NME; Adebayo, OM; Advani, SM; Aghaali, M; Ahinkorah, BO; Ahmad, S; Ahmadi, K; Ahmed, H; Aji, B; Akunna, CJ; Al-Aly, Z; Alanzi, TM; Alhabib, KF; Ali, L; Alif, SM; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Alla, F; Allebeck, P; Alvis-Guzman, N; Amin, TT; Amini, S; Amu, H; Amul, GGH; Ancuceanu, R; Anderson, JA; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; Antonio, CAT; Antony, B; Anvari, D; Arabloo, J; Arian, ND; Arora, M; Asaad, M; Ausloos, M; Awan, AT; Ayano, G; Aynalem, GL; Azari, S; B, DB; Badiye, AD; Baig, AA; Bakhshaei, MH; Banach, M; Banik, PC; Barker-Collo, SL; Bärnighausen, TW; Barqawi, HJ; Basu, S; Bayati, M; Bazargan-Hejazi, S; Behzadifar, M; Bekuma, TT; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berfield, KSS; Bhagavathula, AS; Bhardwaj, N; Bhardwaj, P; Bhattacharyya, K; Bibi, S; Bijani, A; Bintoro, BS; Biondi, A; Birara, S; Braithwaite, D; Brenner, H; Brunoni, AR; Burkart, K; Butt, ZA; Caetano dos Santos, FL; Cámera, LA; Car, J; Cárdenas, R; Carreras, G; Carrero, JJ; Castaldelli-Maia, JM; Cattaruzza, MSS; Chang, J-C; Chen, S; Chu, D-T; Chung, S-C; Cirillo, M; Costa, VM; Couto, RAS; Dadras, O; Dai, X; Damasceno, AAM; Damiani, G; Dandona, L; Dandona, R; Daneshpajouhnejad, P; Darega Gela, J; Davletov, K; Derbew Molla, M; Dessie, GA; Desta, AA; Dharmaratne, SD; Dianatinasab, M; Diaz, D; Do, HT; Douiri, A; Duncan, BB; Duraes, AR; Eagan, AW; Ebrahimi Kalan, M; Edvardsson, K; Elbarazi, I; El Tantawi, M; Esmaeilnejad, S; Fadhil, I; Faraon, EJA; Farinha, CSES; Farwati, M; Farzadfar, F; Fazlzadeh, M; Feigin, VL; Feldman, R; Fernandez Prendes, C; Ferrara, P; Filip, I; Filippidis, F; Fischer, F; Flor, LS; Foigt, NA; Folayan, MO; Foroutan, M; Gad, MM; Gaidhane, AM; Gallus, S; Geberemariyam, BS; Ghafourifard, M; Ghajar, A; Ghashghaee, A; Giampaoli, S; Gill, PS; Glozah, FN; Gnedovskaya, EV; Golechha, M; Gopalani, SV; Gorini, G; Goudarzi, H; Goulart, AC; Greaves, F; Guha, A; Guo, Y; 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Sigurvinsdottir, R; Silva, DAS; Silva, JP; Singh, A; Singh, JA; Singh, V; Sinha, DN; Sitas, F; Skryabin, VY; Skryabina, AA; Soboka, M; Soriano, JB; Soroush, A; Soshnikov, S; Soyiri, IN; Spurlock, EE; Sreeramareddy, CT; Stein, DJ; Steiropoulos, P; Stortecky, S; Straif, K; Suliankatchi Abdulkader, R; Sulo, G; Sundström, J; Tabuchi, T; Tadakamadla, SK; Taddele, BW; Tadesse, EG; Tamiru, AT; Tareke, M; Tareque, MI; Tarigan, IU; Temsah, M-H; Thankappan, KR; Thapar, R; Tichopad, A; Tolani, MA; Topouzis, F; Tovani-Palone, MR; Tran, BX; Tripathy, JP; Tsegaye, GW; Tsilimparis, N; Tymeson, HD; Ullah, A; Ullah, S; Unim, B; Updike, RL; Vacante, M; Valdez, PR; Vardavas, C; Varona Pérez, P; Vasankari, TJ; Venketasubramanian, N; Verma, M; Vetrova, MV; Vo, B; Vu, GT; Waheed, Y; Wang, Y; Welding, K; Werdecker, A; Whisnant, JL; Wickramasinghe, ND; Yamagishi, K; Yandrapalli, S; Yatsuya, H; Yazdi-Feyzabadi, V; Yeshaw, Y; Yimmer, MZ; Yonemoto, N; Yu, C; Yunusa, I; Yusefzadeh, H; Zahirian Moghadam, T; Zaman, MS; Zamanian, M; Zandian, H; Zar, HJ; Zastrozhin, MS; Zastrozhina, A; Zavala-Arciniega, L; Zhang, J; Zhang, Z-J; Zhong, C; Zuniga, YMH; Gakidou, E (Elsevier BV, 2021)
      Summary Background Ending the global tobacco epidemic is a defining challenge in global health. Timely and comprehensive estimates of the prevalence of smoking tobacco use and attributable disease burden are needed to ...