• Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study

      Roth, GA; Mensah, GA; Johnson, CO; Addolorato, G; Ammirati, E; Baddour, LM; Barengo, NC; Beaton, AZ; Benjamin, EJ; Benziger, CP; Bonny, A; Brauer, M; Brodmann, M; Cahill, TJ; Carapetis, J; Catapano, AL; Chugh, SS; Cooper, LT; Coresh, J; Criqui, M; DeCleene, N; Eagle, KA; Emmons-Bell, S; Feigin, VL; Fernández-Solà, J; Fowkes, G; Gakidou, E; Grundy, SM; He, FJ; Howard, G; Hu, F; Inker, L; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, N; Koroshetz, W; Lavie, C; Lloyd-Jones, D; Lu, HS; Mirijello, A; Temesgen, AM; Mokdad, A; Moran, AE; Muntner, P; Narula, J; Neal, B; Ntsekhe, M; Moraes de Oliveira, G; Otto, C; Owolabi, M; Pratt, M; Rajagopalan, S; Reitsma, M; Ribeiro, ALP; Rigotti, N; Rodgers, A; Sable, C; Shakil, S; Sliwa-Hahnle, K; Stark, B; Sundström, J; Timpel, P; Tleyjeh, IM; Valgimigli, M; Vos, T; Whelton, PK; Yacoub, M; Zuhlke, L; Murray, C; Fuster, V; Roth, GA; Mensah, GA; Johnson, CO; Addolorato, G; Ammirati, E; Baddour, LM; Barengo, NC; Beaton, A; Benjamin, EJ; Benziger, CP; Bonny, A; Brauer, M; Brodmann, M; Cahill, TJ; Carapetis, JR; Catapano, AL; Chugh, S; Cooper, LT; Coresh, J; Criqui, MH; DeCleene, NK; Eagle, KA; Emmons-Bell, S; Feigin, VL; Fernández-Sola, J; Fowkes, FGR; Gakidou, E; Grundy, SM; He, FJ; Howard, G; Hu, F; Inker, L; Karthikeyan, G; Kassebaum, NJ; Koroshetz, WJ; Lavie, C; Lloyd-Jones, D; Lu, HS; Mirijello, A; Misganaw, AT; Mokdad, AH; Moran, AE; Muntner, P; Narula, J; Neal, B; Ntsekhe, M; Oliveira, GMM; Otto, CM; Owolabi, MO; Pratt, M; Rajagopalan, S; Reitsma, MB; Ribeiro, ALP; Rigotti, NA; Rodgers, A; Sable, CA; Shakil, SS; Sliwa, K; Stark, BA; Sundström, J; Timpel, P; Tleyjeh, II; Valgimigli, M; Vos, T; Whelton, PK; Yacoub, M; Zuhlke, LJ; Abbasi-Kangevari, M; Abdi, A; Abedi, A; Aboyans, V; Abrha, WA; Abu-Gharbieh, E; Abushouk, AI; Acharya, D; Adair, T; Adebayo, OM; Ademi, Z; Advani, SM; Afshari, K; Afshin, A; Agarwal, G; Agasthi, P; Ahmad, S; Ahmadi, S; Ahmed, MB; Aji, B; Akalu, Y; Akande-Sholabi, W; Aklilu, A; Akunna, CJ; Alahdab, F; Al-Eyadhy, A; Alhabib, KF; 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Santric-Milicevic, MM; Sarrafzadegan, N; Sarveazad, A; Sathish, T; Sawhney, M; Saylan, M; Schmidt, MI; Schutte, AE; Senthilkumaran, S; Sepanlou, SG; Sha, F; Shahabi, S; Shahid, I; Shaikh, MA; Shamali, M; Shamsizadeh, M; Shawon, MSR; Sheikh, A; Shigematsu, M; Shin, M-J; Shin, JI; Shiri, R; Shiue, I; Shuval, K; Siabani, S; Siddiqi, TJ; Silva, DAS; Singh, JA; Mtech, AS; Skryabin, VY; Skryabina, AA; Soheili, A; Spurlock, EE; Stockfelt, L; Stortecky, S; Stranges, S; Suliankatchi Abdulkader, R; Tadbiri, H; Tadesse, EG; Tadesse, DB; Tajdini, M; Tariqujjaman, M; Teklehaimanot, BF; Temsah, M-H; Tesema, AK; Thakur, B; Thankappan, KR; Thapar, R; Thrift, AG; Timalsina, B; Tonelli, M; Touvier, M; Tovani-Palone, MR; Tripathi, A; Tripathy, JP; Truelsen, TC; Tsegay, GM; Tsegaye, GW; Tsilimparis, N; Tusa, BS; Tyrovolas, S; Umapathi, KK; Unim, B; Unnikrishnan, B; Usman, MS; Vaduganathan, M; Valdez, PR; Vasankari, TJ; Velazquez, DZ; Venketasubramanian, N; Vu, GT; Vujcic, IS; Waheed, Y; Wang, Y; Wang, F; Wei, J; Weintraub, RG; Weldemariam, AH; Westerman, R; Winkler, AS; Wiysonge, CS; Wolfe, CDA; Wubishet, BL; Xu, G; Yadollahpour, A; Yamagishi, K; Yan, LL; Yandrapalli, S; Yano, Y; Yatsuya, H; Yeheyis, TY; Yeshaw, Y; Yilgwan, CS; Yonemoto, N; Yu, C; Yusefzadeh, H; Zachariah, G; Zaman, SB; Zaman, MS; Zamanian, M; Zand, R; Zandifar, A; Zarghi, A; Zastrozhin, MS; Zastrozhina, A; Zhang, Z-J; Zhang, Y; Zhang, W; Zhong, C; Zou, Z; Zuniga, YMH; Murray, CJL; Fuster, V (Elsevier BV, 2020)
      Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), principally ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, are the leading cause of global mortality and a major contributor to disability. This paper reviews the magnitude of total CVD burden, ...
    • The Global Distribution of Lymphatic Filariasis, 2000–18: A Geospatial Analysis

      Deshpande, A; Miller-Petrie, MK; Lindstedt, PA; Baumann, MM; Johnson, KB; Blacker, BF; Abbastabar, H; Abd-Allah, F; Abdelalim, A; Abdollahpour, I; Abegaz, KH; Abejie, AN; Abreu, LG; Abrigo, MRM; Abualhasan, A; Accrombessi, MMK; Adamu, AA; Adebayo, OM; Adedeji, IA; Adedoyin, RA; Adekanmbi, V; Adetokunboh, OO; Adhikari, TB; Afarideh, M; Agudelo-Botero, M; Ahmadi, M; Ahmadi, K; Ahmed, MB; Ahmed, AE; Akalu, TY; Akanda, AS; Alahdab, F; Al-Aly, Z; Alam, S; Alam, N; Alamene, GM; Alanzi, TM; Albright, J; Albujeer, A; Alcalde-Rabanal, JE; Alebel, A; Alemu, ZA; Ali, M; Alijanzadeh, M; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Almasi, A; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Al-Mekhlafi, HM; Altirkawi, KA; Alvis-Guzman, N; Alvis-Zakzuk, NJ; Amini, S; Amit, AML; Amul, GGH; Andrei, CL; Anjomshoa, M; Ansariadi, A; Antonio, CAT; Antony, B; Antriyandarti, E; Arabloo, J; Aref, HMA; Aremu, O; Armoon, B; Arora, A; Aryal, KK; Arzani, A; Asadi-Aliabadi, M; Asmelash, D; Atalay, HT; Athari, SM; Athari, SS; Atre, SR; Ausloos, M; Awasthi, S; Awoke, N; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayano, G; Ayanore, MA; Aynalem, YA; Azari, S; Azman, AS; Babaee, E; Badawi, A; Bagherzadeh, M; Bakkannavar, SM; Balakrishnan, S; Banach, M; Banoub, JAM; Barac, A; Barboza, MA; Bärnighausen, TW; Basu, S; Bay, VD; Bayati, M; Bedi, N; Beheshti, M; Behzadifar, M; Behzadifar, M (Elsevier, 2020)
      Background: Lymphatic filariasis is a neglected tropical disease that can cause permanent disability through disruption of the lymphatic system. This disease is caused by parasitic filarial worms that are transmitted by ...
    • Mapping Geographical Inequalities in Access to Drinking Water and Sanitation Facilities in Low-income and Middle-income Countries, 2000–17

      Deshpande, A; Miller-Petrie, MK; Lindstedt, PA; Baumann, MM; Johnson, KB; Blacker, BF; Abbastabar, H; Abd-Allah, F; Abdelalim, A; Abdollahpour, I; Abegaz, KH; Abejie, AN; Abreu, LG; Abrigo, MRM; Abualhasan, A; Accrombessi, MMK; Adamu, AA; Adebayo, OM; Adedeji, IA; Adedoyin, RA; Adekanmbi, V; Adetokunboh, OO; Adhikari, TB; Afarideh, M; Agudelo-Botero, M; Ahmadi, M; Ahmadi, K; Ahmed, MB; Ahmed, AE; Akalu, TY; Akanda, AS; Alahdab, F; Al-Aly, Z; Alam, S; Alam, N; Alamene, GM; Alanzi, TM; Albright, J; Albujeer, A; Alcalde-Rabanal, JE; Alebel, A; Alemu, ZA; Ali, M; Alijanzadeh, M; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Almasi, A; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Al-Mekhlafi, HM; Altirkawi, KA; Alvis-Guzman, N; Alvis-Zakzuk, NJ; Amini, S; Amit, AML; Amul, GGH; Andrei, CL; Anjomshoa, M; Ansariadi, A; Antonio, CAT; Antony, B; Antriyandarti, E; Arabloo, J; Aref, HMA; Aremu, O; Armoon, B; Arora, A; Aryal, KK; Arzani, A; Asadi-Aliabadi, M; Asmelash, D; Atalay, HT; Athari, SM; Athari, SS; Atre, SR; Ausloos, M; Awasthi, S; Awoke, N; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayano, G; Ayanore, MA; Aynalem, YA; Azari, S; Azman, AS; Babaee, E; Badawi, A; Bagherzadeh, M; Bakkannavar, SM; Balakrishnan, S; Banach, M; Banoub, JAM; Barac, A; Barboza, MA; Bärnighausen, TW; Basu, S; Bay, VD; Bayati, M; Bedi, N; Beheshti, M; Behzadifar, M; Behzadifar, M (Elsevier, 2020)
      Background: Universal access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities is an essential human right, recognised in the Sustainable Development Goals as crucial for preventing disease and improving human wellbeing. ...
    • Measuring Universal Health Coverage Based on an Index of Effective Coverage of Health Services in 204 Countries and Territories, 1990–2019: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

      Lozano, R; Fullman, N; Mumford, JE; Knight, M; Barthelemy, CM; Abbafati, C; Abbastabar, H; Abd-Allah, F; Abdollahi, M; Abedi, A; Abolhassani, H; Abosetugn, AE; Abreu, LG; Abrigo, MRM; Abu Haimed, AK; Abushouk, AI; Adabi, M; Adebayo, OM; Adekanmbi, V; Adelson, J; Adetokunboh, OO; Adham, D; Advani, SM; Afshin, A; Agarwal, G; Agasthi, P; Aghamir, SMK; Agrawal, A; Ahmad, T; Akinyemi, RO; Alahdab, F; Al-Aly, Z; Alam, K; Albertson, SB; Alemu, YM; Alhassan, RK; Ali, M; Ali, S; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Alla, F; Almadi, MAH; Almasi, A; Almasi-Hashiani, A; Almasri, NA; Al-Mekhlafi, HM; Almulhim, AM; Alonso, J; Al-Raddadi, RM; Altirkawi, KA; Alvis-Guzman, N; Alvis-Zakzuk, NJ; Amini, S; Amini-Rarani, M; Amiri, F; Amit, AML; Amugsi, DA; Ancuceanu, R; Anderlini, D; Andrei, CL; Androudi, S; Ansari, F; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; Antonio, CAT; Antony, CM; Antriyandarti, E; Anvari, D; Anwer, R; Arabloo, J; Arab-Zozani, M; Aravkin, AY; Aremu, O; Ärnlöv, J; Asaad, M; Asadi-Aliabadi, M; Asadi-Pooya, AA; Ashbaugh, C; Athari, SS; Atout, MMDW; Ausloos, M; Avila-Burgos, L; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayano, G; Ayanore, MA; Aynalem, YA; Aynalem, GL; Ayza, MA; Azari, S; Azzopardi, PS; B, DB; Babaee, E; Badiye, AD; Bahrami, MA; Baig, AA; Bakhshaei, MH; Bakhtiari, A; Bakkannavar, SM; Balachandran, A; Balassyano, S; Banach, M (Elsevier, 2020)
      Background: Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) involves all people receiving the health services they need, of high quality, without experiencing financial hardship. Making progress towards UHC is a policy priority ...
    • Spatial, Temporal, and Demographic Patterns in Prevalence of Smoking Tobacco Use and Attributable Disease Burden in 204 Countries and Territories, 1990–2019: A Systematic Analysis From the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

      Reitsma, MB; Kendrick, PJ; Ababneh, E; Abbafati, C; Abbasi-Kangevari, M; Abdoli, A; Abedi, A; Abhilash, ES; Abila, DB; Aboyans, V; Abu-Rmeileh, NME; Adebayo, OM; Advani, SM; Aghaali, M; Ahinkorah, BO; Ahmad, S; Ahmadi, K; Ahmed, H; Aji, B; Akunna, CJ; Al-Aly, Z; Alanzi, TM; Alhabib, KF; Ali, L; Alif, SM; Alipour, V; Aljunid, SM; Alla, F; Allebeck, P; Alvis-Guzman, N; Amin, TT; Amini, S; Amu, H; Amul, GGH; Ancuceanu, R; Anderson, JA; Ansari-Moghaddam, A; Antonio, CAT; Antony, B; Anvari, D; Arabloo, J; Arian, ND; Arora, M; Asaad, M; Ausloos, M; Awan, AT; Ayano, G; Aynalem, GL; Azari, S; B, DB; Badiye, AD; Baig, AA; Bakhshaei, MH; Banach, M; Banik, PC; Barker-Collo, SL; Bärnighausen, TW; Barqawi, HJ; Basu, S; Bayati, M; Bazargan-Hejazi, S; Behzadifar, M; Bekuma, TT; Bennett, DA; Bensenor, IM; Berfield, KSS; Bhagavathula, AS; Bhardwaj, N; Bhardwaj, P; Bhattacharyya, K; Bibi, S; Bijani, A; Bintoro, BS; Biondi, A; Birara, S; Braithwaite, D; Brenner, H; Brunoni, AR; Burkart, K; Butt, ZA; 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Zamanian, M; Zandian, H; Zar, HJ; Zastrozhin, MS; Zastrozhina, A; Zavala-Arciniega, L; Zhang, J; Zhang, Z-J; Zhong, C; Zuniga, YMH; Gakidou, E (Elsevier BV, 2021)
      Summary Background Ending the global tobacco epidemic is a defining challenge in global health. Timely and comprehensive estimates of the prevalence of smoking tobacco use and attributable disease burden are needed to ...
    • Subnational Mapping of HIV Incidence and Mortality Among Individuals Aged 15–49 Years in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2000–18: A Modelling Study

      Sartorius, B; VanderHeide, JD; Yang, M; Goosmann, EA; Hon, J; Haeuser, E; Cork, MA; Perkins, S; Jahagirdar, D; Schaeffer, LE; Serfes, AL; LeGrand, KE; Abbastabar, H; Abebo, ZH; Abosetugn, AE; Abu-Gharbieh, E; Accrombessi, MMK; Adebayo, OM; Adegbosin, AE; Adekanmbi, V; Adetokunboh, OO; Adeyinka, DA; Ahinkorah, BO; Ahmadi, K; Ahmed, MB; Akalu, Y; Akinyemi, OO; Akinyemi, RO; Aklilu, A; Akunna, CJ; Alahdab, F; Al-Aly, Z; Alam, N; Alamneh, AA; Alanzi, TM; Alemu, BW; Alhassan, RK; Ali, T; Alipour, V; Amini, S; Ancuceanu, R; Ansari, F; Anteneh, ZA; Anvari, D; Anwer, R; Appiah, SCY; Arabloo, J; Asemahagn, MA; Asghari Jafarabadi, M; Asmare, WN; Atnafu, DD; Atout, MMDW; Atreya, A; Ausloos, M; Awedew, AF; Ayala Quintanilla, BP; Ayanore, MA; Aynalem, YA; Ayza, MA; Azari, S; Azene, ZN; Babar, ZUD; Baig, AA; Balakrishnan, S; Banach, M; Bärnighausen, TW; Basu, S; Bayati, M; Bedi, N; Bekuma, TT; Bezabhe, WMM; Bhagavathula, AS; Bhardwaj, P; Bhattacharyya, K; Bhutta, ZA; Bibi, S; Bikbov, B; Birhan, TA; Bitew, ZW; Bockarie, MJ; Boloor, A; Brady, OJ; Bragazzi, NL; Briko, AN; Briko, NI; Burugina Nagaraja, S; Butt, ZA; Cárdenas, R; Carvalho, F; Charan, J; Chatterjee, S; Chattu, SK; Chattu, VK; Chowdhury, MAK; Chu, DT; Cook, AJ; Cormier, NM; Cowden, RG; Culquichicon, C; Dagnew, B (Elsevier, 2021)
      Background: High-resolution estimates of HIV burden across space and time provide an important tool for tracking and monitoring the progress of prevention and control efforts and assist with improving the precision and ...