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dc.contributor.authorBrauer, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFeigin, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authoret alen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-11T03:00:24Z
dc.date.available2020-11-11T03:00:24Z
dc.date.copyright2015en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationEnvironmental Science and Technology 2016, 50, 1, 79–88
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/13776
dc.description.abstractExposure to ambient air pollution is a major risk factor for global disease. Assessment of the impacts of air pollution on population health and evaluation of trends relative to other major risk factors requires regularly updated, accurate, spatially resolved exposure estimates. We combined satellite-based estimates, chemical transport model simulations, and ground measurements from 79 different countries to produce global estimates of annual average fine particle (PM2.5) and ozone concentrations at 0.1° × 0.1° spatial resolution for five-year intervals from 1990 to 2010 and the year 2013. These estimates were applied to assess population-weighted mean concentrations for 1990–2013 for each of 188 countries. In 2013, 87% of the world’s population lived in areas exceeding the World Health Organization Air Quality Guideline of 10 μg/m3 PM2.5 (annual average). Between 1990 and 2013, global population-weighted PM2.5 increased by 20.4% driven by trends in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China. Decreases in population-weighted mean concentrations of PM2.5 were evident in most high income countries. Population-weighted mean concentrations of ozone increased globally by 8.9% from 1990–2013 with increases in most countries—except for modest decreases in North America, parts of Europe, and several countries in Southeast Asia.
dc.publisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
dc.relation.urihttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.5b03709en_NZ
dc.rightsCopyright © ACS, 2016. Authors retain the right to place his/her author accepted version of the work on a personal website or institutional repository for non commercial purposes, 12 months after publication. The definitive version was published in (see Citation). The original publication is available at (see Publisher's Version) ,
dc.subjectAir pollution; Biological databases; Testing and assessment; Calibration; Particulate matter
dc.titleAmbient Air Pollution Exposure Estimation for the Global Burden of Disease 2012en_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1021/acs.est.5b03709en_NZ
aut.relation.endpage88
aut.relation.issue1en_NZ
aut.relation.startpage79
aut.relation.volume50en_NZ
pubs.elements-id194625
aut.relation.journalEnvironmental Science & Technologyen_NZ


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