The Outcomes of Tourism Social Entrepreneurship: Host Community Perspectives
Aquino, R; Lueck, M; Schanzel, H
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This study investigates the outcomes of tourism social entrepreneurship (TSE) activities in Sitio Liwliwa, a surfing destination community in Zambales, Philippines. Formally initiated by an accommodation-type tourism social enterprise, tourism in the locality was envisioned to deliver sustainable and community development outcomes through inducing resident participation and livelihood integration. To obtain an understanding of the TSE outcomes delivered in this locality, case study methods involving the participation of 18 host community actors were employed. Particularly, direct observations, archival research, semi-structured interviewing, and a community asset mapping workshop, were carried out to collect qualitative information. Constructivist grounded theory techniques were performed in analysing the data. This working paper presents the preliminary findings of this study that are outlined using a community capitals framework, and structured according to the emergent categories that encompass host community perceptions and constructions of TSE outcomes. By looking at the nature of the outcomes experienced by a host community, this paper furthers the understanding of the viability of TSE as an emerging alternative tourism entrepreneurship and development approach.