Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Assisted Health Care Resource Allocation in Disasters
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The fast response to a disaster is a key factor in rescuing victims who are trapped in the affected areas. The high amount of casualties, as well as life and medical resource allocation, cause the complexity of the disaster rescuing. This thesis concentrates on developing a multi-objective (MO) optimization model and adopts an algorithm named ProbabilisticSolutionDiscoveryAlgorithm(PSDA)togenerateasetofParetosolutions on account of (i) the affected location, (ii) the amount of victims in the affected location, (iii) the amount of resource, including food, water and medicine, (iv) the location of the resource, (v) the deployment of UAVs. PSDA is used to solve the MO model, and each of the Pareto solutions is an emergency rescuing strategy. The UAV ﬂight path is another key point which leads UAV to cover every affected section efﬁciently without collision with obstacles, e.g. buildings, trees and telegraph poles on the path, and to deliver life resource and collect information of victims. This research proposes a path planning algorithm to make sure the distance of the planned path is minimum. Five study cases are provided to validate the perspectives. The results of resource allocationaregeneratedwiththeﬁveaforementionedfactors. Asforpathplanningsimulation,obstaclesaregeneratedrandomlyina200m*200mareawithastartpointandﬁve destinations. The coordinates of the start point and the destinations are unchangeable. The planned paths are simulated by MATLAB.